Form 10-Q
Table of Contents

 
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
     
þ   QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2009
OR
     
o   TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                      to                     
Commission File Number 000-28782
SPECTRUM PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)
     
Delaware
(State or other jurisdiction
of incorporation or organization)
  93-0979187
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
     
157 Technology Drive
Irvine, California

(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
 
92618
(Zip Code)
Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code: (949) 788-6700
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes þ No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes o No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definition of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
             
Large Accelerated filer o
  Accelerated filer o   Non-accelerated filer o   Smaller reporting company þ
 
      (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)    
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o No þ
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of Common Stock as of the latest practicable date:
     
Class   Outstanding at August 7, 2009
     
Common Stock, $.001 par value   41,921,207
 
 

 

 


 

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 Exhibit 10.8
 Exhibit 10.9
 Exhibit 10.10
 Exhibit 10.11
 Exhibit 31.1
 Exhibit 31.2
 Exhibit 32.1
 Exhibit 32.2

 

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SPECTRUM PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
FORM 10-Q
For the Three-month and Six month Periods ended June 30, 2009
(Unaudited)
PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1.  
Financial Statements
Statement Regarding Financial Information
The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of Spectrum Pharmaceuticals, Inc. included herein have been prepared by management pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Certain information normally included in the consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States has been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. However, we believe that the disclosures are adequate to make the information presented not misleading.
We recommend that you read the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements included herein in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2008, filed with the SEC on March 31, 2009.

 

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SPECTRUM PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Unaudited)
                 
    June 30,     December 31,  
    2009     2008  
    (In Thousands, Except Share and Per Share Data)  
 
Assets
               
Current Assets:
               
Cash and cash equivalents
  $ 7,993     $ 9,860  
Marketable securities
    77,062       68,226  
Financing proceeds receivable
    21,000        
 
           
 
Cash, cash equivalents, marketable securities and financing proceeds receivable
    106,055       78,086  
Accounts receivable-trade, net
    1,531       5,002  
Inventory
    2,355       1,841  
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
    661       693  
 
           
 
Total current assets
    110,602       85,622  
Property and equipment, net
    1,845       1,782  
ZEVALIN related intangible assets, net
    35,143       37,042  
Other assets
    99       289  
 
           
 
Total assets
  $ 147,689     $ 124,735  
 
           
 
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
               
Current Liabilities:
               
Accounts payable and accrued obligations
  $ 13,985     $ 5,627  
Accrued compensation
    2,278       2,956  
Note payable in connection with ZEVALIN AcquisitIon
          7,500  
Current portion of deferred revenue and other credits
    8,500       8,500  
Accrued drug development costs
    3,929       3,449  
 
           
 
Total current liabilities
    28,692       28,032  
Capital lease obligations, net of current portion
    102       95  
Deferred revenue and other credits, net of current portion
    29,622       33,929  
ZEVALIN related contingent obligations
    6,755       8,798  
 
           
 
Total liabilities
    65,171       70,854  
 
           
 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 5)
               
Minority interest in consolidated entity
          14,262  
 
           
 
Stockholders’ Equity:
               
Preferred Stock, par value $0.001 per share, 5,000,000 shares authorized:
               
Series B Junior participating preferred stock, 1,000,000 shares authorized, no shares issued and outstanding
           
Series E Convertible voting preferred stock, 2,000 shares authorized, stated value $10,000 per share, $0.8 million aggregate liquidation value, issued and outstanding, 68 shares at June 30, 2009 and December 31, 2008
    419       419  
Common stock, par value $0.001 per share, 100,000,000 shares authorized;
               
Issued and outstanding, 41,707,484 and 32,166,316 shares at June 30, 2009 and December 31, 2008
    42       32  
Additional paid-in capital
    348,521       296,531  
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
    (166 )     (146 )
Accumulated deficit
    (266,298 )     (257,217 )
 
           
 
Total stockholders’ equity
    82,518       39,619  
 
           
 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
  $ 147,689     $ 124,735  
 
           
 
The accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

 

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SPECTRUM PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(Unaudited)
                                 
    Three Months     Three Months     Six Months     Six Months  
    Ended     Ended     Ended     Ended  
    June 30, 2009     June 30, 2008     June 30, 2009     June 30, 2008  
    (In Thousands, Except Share and Per Share Data)  
 
Revenues
                               
License and contract revenue
  $ 2,125     $ 20,676     $ 4,250     $ 20,676  
Product sales
    6,016             18,055        
 
                       
 
Total revenues
  $ 8,141     $ 20,676     $ 22,305     $ 20,676  
 
                       
 
 
                               
Operating expenses:
                               
Cost of product sold
  $ 1,439     $     $ 3,273     $  
Research and development
    6,391       6,747       12,045       13,129  
Amortization of purchased intangibles
    950             1,900        
Selling, general and administrative
    9,192       3,230       15,543       5,815  
 
                       
 
Total operating expenses
    17,972       9,977       32,761       18,944  
 
                       
 
 
                               
Loss from operations
    (9,831 )     10,699       (10,456 )     1,732  
 
                               
Other income, net
    125       (21 )     229       280  
 
                       
 
Loss before minority interest in consolidated entities
    (9,706 )     10,678       (10,227 )     2,012  
Minority interest in net loss of consolidated entities
                  1,146        
 
                       
 
Net income (loss)
  $ (9,706 )   $ 10,678     $ (9,081 )   $ 2,012  
 
                       
 
 
                               
Net income (loss) per share
                               
Basic
  $ (0.28 )   $ 0.34     $ (0.27 )   $ 0.06  
 
                       
 
Diluted
  $ (0.28 )   $ 0.34     $ (0.27 )   $ 0.06  
 
                       
 
 
                               
Weighted average common shares:
                               
Basic
    34,582,640       31,462,522       33,517,002       31,366,902  
 
                       
 
Diluted
    34,582,640       31,869,079       33,517,002       31,822,132  
 
                       
The accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

 

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SPECTRUM PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)
                 
    Six Months     Six Months  
    Ended     Ended  
    June 31, 2009     June 31, 2008  
    (In Thousands, Except Share and Per Share Data)  
 
Cash Flows From Operating Activities:
               
Net income (loss)
  $ (9,081 )   $ 2,012  
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:
               
Amortization of deferred revenue
    (4,250 )      
Depreciation and amortization
    2,178       185  
Share-based compensation expense
    4,793       3,117  
Fair value of common stock issued in connection with drug license
    185       305  
Minority interest in consolidated entity
    (1,146 )      
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
               
Accounts Receivable
    3,471       (188 )
Inventory
    (514 )     (1,197 )
Prepaid expenses and other assets
    228       190  
Accounts payable and accrued obligations
    9,154       4  
Accrued compensation and related taxes
    (678 )     (49 )
Deferred revenue and other credits
    (49 )     (43 )
 
           
 
Net cash provided by operating activities
    4,291       4,336  
 
           
 
Cash Flows From Investing Activities:
               
Net purchases of marketable securities
    (8,862 )     (3,065 )
Investment in ZEVALIN Acquisition
    (22,687 )      
Purchases of property and equipment
    (344 )     (687 )
 
           
 
Net cash used in investing activities
    (31,893 )     (3,752 )
 
           
 
Cash Flows From Financing Activities:
               
Proceeds from issuance of common stock and warrants, net of related offering costs and expenses
    27,070        
Proceeds from sale of common stock to employees
    1,167        
Repurchase of warrants
    (71 )      
Proceeds from exercise of stock options
    89        
Repurchase of stock options pursuant to tender offer
    (2,520 )      
 
           
 
Net cash provided by financing activities
    25,735        
 
           
 
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents
    (1,867 )     584  
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
    9,860       1,141  
 
           
 
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
  $ 7,993     $ 1,724  
 
           
 
Supplemental Cash Flow Information:
               
Interest paid
  $ 10     $  
 
           
 
Income taxes paid
  $ 45     $  
 
           
 
Schedule of Non-Cash Investing and Financing Activities:
               
Fair value of common stock issued in connection with drug license
  $ 185     $ 305  
 
           
 
Fair value of restricted stock granted employees and directors
  $ 226     $ 223  
 
           
 
Fair value of stock issued to match employee 401k contributions
  $ 219     $ 129  
 
           
 
Fair value of equity awarded to consultants
  $ 111     $ 69  
 
           
The accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

 

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SPECTRUM PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
June 30, 2009
(Unaudited)
1. Business and Basis of Presentation
Business
Spectrum Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (the “Company,” “we,” “Spectrum”, “our,” or “us”) is a commercial stage biopharmaceutical company committed to developing and commercializing innovative therapies with a focus primarily in the areas of hematology-oncology and urology. We have a fully developed commercial infrastructure that is responsible for the sales and marketing of two drugs in the United States, ZEVALIN® and FUSILEV™. Our lead developmental drug is Apaziquone, which is presently being studied in two large Phase 3 registrational trials for non-muscle invasive bladder cancer under a strategic collaboration with Allergan Inc. (“Allergan”).
The following is a brief update of our most advanced products as of June 30, 2009:
ZEVALIN®: ([90Y]-ibritumomab tiuxetan) (“ZEVALIN”): In December 2008, we partnered with Cell Therapeutics, Inc. (“CTI”) to form a 50-50 owned joint venture, RIT Oncology, LLC (“RIT”) to commercialize and develop ZEVALIN in the United States. In March 2009, we acquired the remaining 50% ownership of RIT, resulting in RIT becoming our wholly-owned subsidiary, for $16.5 million. Under the terms of our agreement with CTI, we agreed to pay CTI the $16.5 million in 3 installments. We paid the first installment of $6.5 million in March 2009. The balance of $10 million was placed into an escrow account, and the second payment of $6.5 million was paid on April 3, 2009. On April 10, 2009, we disputed payment of the third installment of $3.5 million, on the grounds that CTI’s unpaid liabilities pertaining to ZEVALIN, and CTI’s share of joint venture expenses equaled or exceeded the escrowed funds. In May 2009, we received an arbitration award of approximately $4.3 million. The entire $3.5 million held in escrow was released to us and CTI additionally paid us approximately $0.8 million. The award was final, binding and non-appealable by either party.
For the three months and six months ended June 30, 2009, we recorded net revenues of approximately $3.3 million and $5.9 million from ZEVALIN sales.
In December 2008, the FDA accepted for filing and review, and granted priority review status for RIT’s supplemental Biologics License Application (“sBLA”) for the use of ZEVALIN as first-line therapy for patients with B-cell follicular non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma or NHL. ZEVALIN is currently FDA approved and marketed by Spectrum for the treatment of patients with relapsed or refractory, low-grade or follicular B-cell NHL, including patients who have rituximab-refractory follicular NHL. An initial PDUFA target date of July 2, 2009 was established by the FDA for a decision regarding this sBLA. On July 2, 2009 we a received a Complete Response letter from the FDA, and the FDA requested us to submit certain data files from the FIT Study, to support and verify a subset of the Fit Study data, that are currently under review to support the proposed labeling. We responded to the FDA’s request on July 8, 2009. A new PDUFA date for the sBLA application has been set by the FDA as September 7, 2009. The sBLA application, if approved, will allow for the label to address a substantially larger patient population.
FUSILEV™: (levoleucovorin) for injection (“FUSILEV”): We commercially launched FUSILEV in August 2008 and recorded net revenues of approximately $2.7 million and $12.2 from FUSILEV sales for the three months and six months ended June 30, 2009.
Our October 2008 supplemental New Drug Application (“sNDA”) filing for advanced metastatic colorectal cancer is currently under review by the FDA. A Prescription Drug User Fee Act (“PDUFA”) target date of October 8, 2009 has been established by the FDA for a decision regarding the approval.
Apaziquone: Pursuant to our October 2008 strategic collaboration agreement with Allergan to co-develop and co-market Apaziquone for bladder cancer, we continue to conduct the two Phase 3 registrational trials pursuant to a joint development plan, with Allergan bearing 65% of these expenses, commencing January 1, 2009. As such, during the three month and six month periods ended June 30, 2009, Allergan reimbursed us approximately $2.7 and $5.2 million of research and development costs. In addition, during the three months and six months ended June 30, 2009, we recorded $2.1 million and $4.3 million of licensing revenue from the amortization of the up front $41.5 million fee that we received from Allergan in October 2008.
We continue to recruit sites and enroll patients in these two studies and our goal is to complete enrollment for both Phase 3 clinical trials by year-end 2009.

 

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Ozarelix: We have initiated a multi-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled Phase 2b study to evaluate the efficacy of ozarelix compared to placebo in the treatment of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) secondary to BPH in men as assessed by the IPSS at Week 14. We are currently enrolling patients in the study in North America, and intend to expand the study to enroll patients in India.
For a more detailed description of these and our other drugs in development, refer to our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2008.
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements are prepared on a consistent basis in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 8 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals and consolidation and elimination entries) considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. Operating results for the three month and six month periods ended June 30, 2009 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2009. The balance sheet at December 31, 2008 has been derived from the audited financial statements at that date but does not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. For further information, refer to the consolidated financial statements and footnotes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2008.
2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies and Estimates
Principles of Consolidation
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and of its wholly-owned subsidiaries. As of June 30, 2009, we had three consolidated subsidiaries: RIT, which became 100% owned effective March 15, 2009, and was organized in Delaware in 2008; OncoRx Pharma Private Limited (“OncoRx”), a wholly-owned subsidiary, organized in Mumbai, India in 2008 and Spectrum Pharmaceuticals GmbH, a wholly-owned inactive subsidiary, incorporated in Switzerland in April 1997; and one consolidated joint venture: Spectrum Pharma Canada, organized in Quebec, Canada in January 2008. We have eliminated all significant intercompany accounts and transactions.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses and disclosure of contingent obligations in the financial statements and accompanying notes. Our most significant assumptions are employed in estimates used in determining values of financial instruments and accrued obligations, as well as in estimates used in applying the revenue recognition policy and estimating share-based compensation. The estimation process requires assumptions to be made about future events and conditions, and as such, is inherently subjective and uncertain. Actual results could differ materially from our estimates.
Cash, Cash Equivalents, Marketable Securities and Financing proceeds receivable
Cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities primarily consist of bank checking deposits, short-term treasury securities, institutional money market funds, corporate debt and equity, municipal obligations, government agency notes, and certificates of deposit. We classify highly liquid short-term investments, with insignificant interest rate risk and maturities of 90 days or less at the time of acquisition, as cash and cash equivalents. Other investments, which do not meet the above definition of cash equivalents, are classified as either “held-to-maturity” or “available-for-sale” marketable securities, in accordance with the provisions of FASB Statement (“SFAS”) No. 115, “Accounting for Certain Investments in Debt and Equity Securities”. Investments that lack immediate liquidity, or which we intend to hold for more than one year are classified as long-term investments, and included in other assets. The financing proceeds receivables are funds received on July 1, 2009 from the June 30, 2009 financing of $21 million.
We have adopted SFAS No. 157, “Fair Value Measurements,” and utilize the market approach to measure fair value of our financial assets and liabilities. The market approach uses prices and other relevant information generated by market transactions involving identical or comparable assets or liabilities. The standard describes a fair value hierarchy based on three levels of inputs, of which the first two are considered observable and the last unobservable, that may be used to measure fair value which are the following:
  Level 1:   
Quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets that are accessible at the measurement date for assets or liabilities. The fair value hierarchy gives the highest priority to Level 1 inputs.
  Level 2:   
Observable prices that are based on inputs not quoted on active markets, but corroborated by market data.
  Level 3:   
Unobservable inputs are used when little or no market data is available. The fair value hierarchy gives the lowest priority to Level 3 inputs.
In determining fair value, we utilize valuation techniques that maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs to the extent possible, as well as considers counterparty credit risk in its assessment of fair value.

 

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The carrying values of our cash, cash equivalents, marketable securities, and financing proceeds receivables carried at fair value as of June 30, 2009, are classified in the table below in one of the three categories described above:
                                 
    Fair Value Measurements at June 30, 2009  
    Level 1     Level 2     Level 3     Total  
 
                               
Cash & equivalents
  $ 7,993     $     $     $ 7,993  
U.S. Treasury T-Bills
    1,993                   1,993  
Money Market Currency Funds
    5,998                   5,998  
FDIC insured Bank CDs
    15,653                   15,653  
Medium Term Corporate Notes
    4,311                   4,311  
U.S. Treasury Backed Securities
    49,107                   49,107  
Financing proceeds receivables
    21,000                   21,000  
 
                       
Cash, cash equivalents, marketable securities and financing proceeds receivable
  $ 106,055     $     $     $ 106,055  
 
                       
As of June 30, 2009, substantially all of our cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities were held at major financial institutions, who are required to invest our funds in accordance with our investment policy with the principal objectives being preservation of capital, fulfillment of liquidity needs and above market returns commensurate with preservation of capital. Our investment policy also requires that investments in marketable securities be in only highly rated instruments, which are primarily US treasury bills or US treasury backed securities, with limitations on investing in securities of any single issuer. To a limited degree, these investments are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation and by third party insurance. However, these investments are not insured against the possibility of a complete loss of earnings or principal and are inherently subject to the credit risk related to the continued credit worthiness of the underlying issuer and general credit market risks as have existed since late 2007. We manage such risks on our portfolio by matching scheduled investment maturities with our cash requirements and investing in highly rated instruments.
Certain Risks and Concentrations
Our cash, cash equivalents and marketable security investments are subject to concentration of credit risk. We manage such risk by diversification of the investment portfolio and by the purchase of investment-grade securities.
Our product sales are concentrated in a limited number of customers. For the six months ended June 30, 2009, approximately 32% of our product sales were derived from Group Purchasing Organizations (“GPOs”) of oncology products, and approximately 68% from distributors. We do not require collateral or other security to support credit sales, but provide an allowance for bad debts when warranted.
We are dependent on single source suppliers for raw materials, and the manufacturing of finished product of FUSILEV and ZEVALIN. A disruption in supply could materially affect our sales. Similarly, we have single source suppliers for the manufacturing of our development drug product candidates. If we are unable to obtain sufficient quantities of such product, our research and development activities may be adversely affected.
Inventory
Inventory is stated at the lower of cost (first-in, first-out method) or market. The lower of cost or market is determined based on net estimated realizable value after appropriate consideration is given to obsolescence, excessive levels, deterioration, and other factors.
Patents and Licenses
We own or license all the intellectual property that forms the basis of our business model. We expense all licensing and patent application costs as they are incurred.

 

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Purchase price allocation
In December 2008, we partnered with CTI to form a 50/50 owned joint venture, RIT, to commercialize and develop ZEVALIN in the U.S. In March 2009, CTI sold to us its remaining 50% ownership in RIT, resulting in RIT becoming a wholly-owned subsidiary of Spectrum. The assets contributed by CTI to RIT were all of its interests in the ZEVALIN business.
Based on the provisions of SFAS No. 141, Business Combinations, the purchase price for the acquisition of ZEVALIN rights was allocated to identifiable intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on their estimated fair values at the acquisition date, as determined by an independent third-party valuation firm. Such a valuation requires significant estimates and assumptions including but not limited to: determining the timing and expected costs to complete the in-process projects, projecting regulatory approvals, estimating future cash flows from product sales resulting from in-process projects, and developing appropriate discount rates and probability rates by project. We believe the fair values assigned to the assets acquired and liabilities assumed are based on reasonable assumptions. However, these assumptions may be inaccurate, and unanticipated events and circumstances may occur.
We recorded intangible assets in connection with the acquisition of ZEVALIN and related amortization as follows:
                         
    June 30, 2009  
            Accumulated        
    Gross Carrying Amount     Amortization     Net Carrying Amount  
 
Developed technology
  $ 23,100     $ (1,227 )   $ 21,873  
Core technology
    14,100       (830 )     13,270  
 
                       
Acquired in-process research and development
    4,700       (4,700 )      
 
                 
 
Total intangible assets
  $ 41,900     $ (6,757 )   $ 35,143  
 
                 
Identifiable intangible assets with definite lives are amortized on a straight-line basis over their estimated useful lives. The developed and core technology assets will be amortized over 10 years, or approximately $3.7 million annually through 2018. Included in the intangible assets was an amount of $4.7 million of in process research and development (“IPR&D”) for a medical indication still awaiting approval by the FDA. Such amount was completely written off during the year ended December 31, 2008.
Industry Segment and Geographic Information
We operate in one business segment, that of acquiring, developing and commercializing prescription drug products. Accordingly, the accompanying financial statements are reported in the aggregate, including all our activities in one segment. Our foreign operations were not significant for any of the years presented herein.
Revenue Recognition
We follow the provisions as set forth by current accounting rules, which primarily include Staff Accounting Bulletin (“SAB”) 104, Revenue Recognition, and Emerging Issues Task Force (“EITF”) No. 00-21, Accounting for Revenue Arrangements with Multiple Deliverables. Generally, revenue is recognized when evidence of an arrangement exists, delivery has occurred or services have been rendered, the price is fixed and determinable, and collectability is reasonably assured.
Up-front fees representing non-refundable payments received upon the execution of licensing or other agreements are recognized as revenue upon execution of the agreements where we have no significant future performance obligations and collectability of the fees is reasonably assured. Milestone payments, which are generally based on developmental or regulatory events, are recognized as revenue when the milestones are achieved, collectability is reasonably assured, and we have no significant future performance obligations in connection with the milestone. In those instances where we have collected fees or milestone payments but have significant future performance obligations related to the development of the drug product, we record deferred revenue and recognize it over the period of our future obligations. Pursuant to this policy, as of December 31, 2008, we had recorded all of the $41.5 million upfront fee we received from Allergan for the October 2008 co-development agreement as deferred revenue. We expect that we shall amortize such deferred revenue to income over the anticipated period of Apaziquone’s development for bladder cancer. Accordingly, for the three months and six months ended June 30, 2009, we amortized $2.1 and $4.3 million to licensing revenue, and as of June 30, 2009, classified $8.5 million of unamortized deferred revenue as current portion of deferred revenue.
Revenue from sales of product is recognized upon shipment of product when title and risk of loss have transferred to the customer, and provisions for estimates, including promotional adjustments, price adjustments, returns, and other potential adjustments are reasonably determinable. Such revenue is recorded, net of such estimated provisions, at the minimum amount of the customer’s obligation to us. We also state the related accounts receivable at net realizable value, with any allowance for doubtful accounts charged to general operating expenses. If revenue from sales is not reasonably determinable due to provisions for estimates, promotional adjustments, price adjustments, returns or any other potential adjustments, we defer the revenue and recognize revenue when the estimates are reasonably determinable, even if the monies for the gross sales have been received.

 

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Research and Development
Research and development expenses include salaries and benefits, clinical trial and related manufacturing costs, contract and other outside service fees, and facilities and overhead costs related to our research and development efforts. Research and development expenses also consist of costs incurred for proprietary and collaboration research and development and include activities such as product registries and investigator-sponsored trials. In accordance with Statement of Financial Accounting Standards, or SFAS, No. 2, Accounting for Research and Development Costs, research and development costs are expensed as incurred. In certain instances we enter into agreements with third parties for research and development activities, where we may prepay fees for services at the initiation of the contract. In accordance with EITF 07-3, Accounting for Nonrefundable Advance Payment for Goods or Services to be Used in Future Research and Development Activities, we record such prepayment as a prepaid asset and charge research and development expense over the period of time the contracted research and development services are performed. In connection with the October 2008 co-development agreement, Allergan bears 65% of the development costs incurred for Apaziquone in bladder cancer, commencing January 1, 2009. During the three months and six months ended June 30, 2009, approximately $2.5 million and $5.2 million of development costs were reimbursed by Allergan, and credited against total related research and development expense.
We review and accrue drug development expenses based on factors such as estimates of work performed, patient enrollment, completion of patient studies and other events. Accrued clinical study costs are subject to revisions as trials progress to completion. Revisions are recorded in the period in which the facts that give rise to the revision become known.
Basic and Diluted Net Income (Loss) per Share
In accordance with FASB Statement No. 128, “Earnings Per Share,” we calculate basic net income (loss) per share by using the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the periods presented. Diluted net income (loss) per share is calculated by using the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the periods presented, increased to include all additional dilutive common shares issuable pursuant to outstanding common stock equivalents, determined using the treasury-stock method.
Potentially dilutive common stock equivalents include the common stock issuable upon the conversion of preferred stock and the exercise of warrants and stock options. These are included in the calculation of diluted net income (loss) per share only when their effect is dilutive. We incurred a net loss in each period presented, and as such, did not include the effect of potentially dilutive common stock equivalents in the diluted net loss per share calculation, as their effect would be anti-dilutive for all periods. Dilutive common stock equivalents would include the common stock issuable upon the conversion of preferred stock and the exercise of warrants and stock options that have conversion or exercise prices below the market value of our common stock at the measurement date.
The following table presents the data used in the calculations of basic and diluted net income (loss) per share for the three-month and six-month periods ended June 30, 2009 and 2008.
                                 
    Three-Months     Three-Months     Six Months     Six Months  
    Ended     Ended     Ended     Ended  
    June 30, 2009     June 30, 2008     June 30, 2009     June 30, 2008  
 
                               
Net income (loss)
  $ (9,706 )   $ 10,678     $ (9,081 )   $ 2,012  
Less:
                               
Preferred dividends paid in cash or stock
                             
 
                       
 
Income (loss) attributable to common stockholders
  $ (9,706 )   $ 10,678     $ (9,081 )   $ 2,012  
 
                       
 
                               
Net income (loss) per share:
                               
Basic
  $ (0.28 )   $ 0.34     $ (0.27 )   $ 0.06  
 
                       
Diluted
  $ (0.28 )   $ 0.34     $ 0.27   $ 0.06  
 
                       
 
                               
Weighted average shares:
                               
Basic
    34,582,640       31,462,522       33,517,002       31,366,902  
Dilutive preferred shares
          340,000             340,000  
Dilutive options
          66,557             115,230  
 
                       
 
Diluted
    34,582,640       31,869,079       33,517,002       31,822,132  
 
                       
 
                               

 

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Accounting for Employee Share-Based Compensation
Effective January 1, 2006, we adopted SFAS No. 123(R), “Share-Based Payment.” We measure compensation cost for all share-based awards at fair value on the date of grant and recognize compensation expense in our consolidated statements of operations over the service period that the awards are expected to vest. As permitted under SFAS No. 123(R), we have elected to recognize compensation expense for all options with graded vesting on a straight-line basis over the vesting period of the entire option.
In estimating the fair value of share-based compensation, we use the closing market price of our common stock for stock awards, and the Black-Scholes Option Pricing Model for stock options and warrants. We estimate future volatility based on past volatility of our common stock, and we estimate the expected length of options based on several criteria, including the vesting period of the grant and the expected volatility.
We recorded share-based compensation expense during the three month and six-month period ended June 30, 2009 and 2008, as follows:
                                 
    Three-Months     Three-Months     Six-Months     Six-Months  
    Ended     Ended     Ended     Ended  
    June 30, 2009     June 30, 2008     June 30, 2009     June 30, 2008  
 
                               
Research and development
  $ 2,261     $ 892     $ 2,741     $ 2,000  
General and administrative
  $ 1,564     $ 494     $ 2,052     $ 1,116  
 
                       
 
Total share based charges
  $ 3,825     $ 1,385     $ 4,793     $ 3,116  
 
                       
Income Taxes
We recorded no tax provision for the three-month or six-month periods ended June 30, 2009, based on an anticipated operating loss for the full calendar year.
Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on the deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date. The Company has determined that the deferred tax asset does not meet the “more likely than not” criteria under SFAS No. 109, “Accounting for Income Taxes”, and, accordingly, a valuation allowance has been recorded to reduce the net deferred tax asset to zero.
Comprehensive Loss
Comprehensive loss is calculated in accordance with SFAS No. 130, “Reporting Comprehensive Income”. SFAS No. 130 requires the disclosure of all components of comprehensive income, including net income and changes in equity during a period from transactions and other events and circumstances generated from non-owner sources. The Company’s accumulated other comprehensive loss at June 30, 2009 consisted primarily of net unrealized gains on investments in marketable securities as of that date.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
Effective January 1, 2009, Emerging Issues Task Force, or EITF, Issue No. 07-1, “Accounting for Collaborative Arrangements,” or Issue 07-1 requires certain income statement presentation of transactions with third parties and of payments between parties to the collaborative arrangement, along with disclosure about the nature and purpose of the arrangement. The adoption of this accounting pronouncement did not have a significant impact on our financial statements.
Effective January 1, 2009, SFAS No. 141(R), “Business Combinations” (SFAS No. 141(R)), replaced SFAS No. 141, “Business Combinations”. SFAS No. 141(R), requires an acquirer to recognize the assets acquired, the liabilities assumed, and any non-controlling interest in the acquiree at the acquisition date, measured at their fair values as of that date, with limited exceptions. This statement also requires the acquirer in a business combination achieved in stages to recognize the identifiable assets and liabilities, as well as the non-controlling interest in the acquiree, at the full amounts of their fair values. SFAS No. 141(R) makes various other amendments to authoritative literature intended to provide additional guidance or to confirm the guidance in that literature to that provided in this statement. The adoption of this accounting pronouncement did not have a significant impact on our financial statements.

 

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In June 2008, FASB issued FSP EITF 03-6-1, “Determining Whether Instruments Granted in Share-Based Payment Transactions Are Participating Securities” (“FSP EITF 03-6-1”). FSP EITF 03-6-1 addresses whether instruments granted in share-based payment transactions are participating securities prior to vesting and, therefore, need to be included in computing earnings per share under the two-class method described in SFAS No. 128, “Earnings Per Share.” FSP EITF 03-6-1 requires companies to treat unvested share-based payment awards that have non-forfeitable rights to dividend or dividend equivalents as a separate class of securities in calculating earnings per share. FSP EITF 03-6-1 will be effective for the Company’s fiscal year beginning March 1, 2009, with early adoption prohibited. We are evaluating the effect the implementation of FSP EITF 03-6-1 will have, if any, on basic net earnings per share.
In December 2008, the FASB issued FASB Staff Position (FSP) No. FAS 132(R)-1, “Employers’ Disclosures about Postretirement Benefit Plan Assets” (“FSP FAS 132(R)-1”). FSP FAS 132(R)-1 amends FASB Statement No. 132 (revised 2003), “Employers’ Disclosures about Pensions and Other Postretirement Benefits”, to provide guidance on an employer’s disclosures about plan assets of a defined benefit pension or other postretirement plan. FSP FAS 132(R)-1 requires an employer to disclose information on the investment policies and strategies as well as on the significant concentrations of risk in plan assets. An employer must also disclose the fair value of each major category of plan assets as of each annual reporting date together with the information on the inputs and valuation techniques used to develop such fair value measurements. FSP FAS 132(R)-1 will be effective for the Company’s financial statements as of December 31, 2009 and is not expected to have any impact on the Company’s financial position or results of operations.
In April 2009, the FASB issued FSP FAS 107-1 and Accounting Principles Board Opinion (“APB”) 28-1, “Interim Disclosures about Fair Value of Financial Instruments.”; This FSP and APB requires the fair value disclosures required by FAS 107 regarding the fair value of financial instruments to be included in interim financial statements. This FSP and APB is effective for interim periods ending after June 15, 2009, and requires additional disclosure from that required currently.
In May 2009, the FASB issued SFAS No. 165, Subsequent Events. This statement establishes general standards of accounting for and disclosures of events that occur after the balance sheet date but before financial statements are issued or are available to be issued. In particular, this statement sets forth (1) the period after the balance sheet date during which management of a reporting entity should evaluate events or transactions that may occur for potential recognition or disclosure in the financial statements; (2) the circumstances under which an entity should recognize events or transactions occurring after the balance sheet date in its financial statements; and (3) the disclosures that an entity should make about events or transactions that occurred after the balance sheet date. This statement is effective for interim or annual periods ending after June 15, 2009 and we adopted it on April 1, 2009. The required disclosures are included in Note 7, Subsequent Events.
In June 2009, the FASB issued SFAS No. 166, Accounting for Transfers of Financial Assets - an amendment of FASB Statement No. 140, which amends the derecognition guidance in SFAS No. 140 and eliminates the exemption from consolidation for qualifying special-purpose entities. This statement is effective for financial asset transfers occurring after the beginning of an entity’s first fiscal year that begins after November 15, 2009. We are currently evaluating the potential impact of this statement.
In June 2009, the FASB issued SFAS No. 167, Amendments to FASB Interpretation No. 46(R), which amends the consolidation guidance applicable to variable interest entities. The amendments will significantly affect the overall consolidation analysis under FASB Interpretation No. 46(R). This statement is effective as of the beginning of the first fiscal year that begins after November 15, 2009. We are currently evaluating the potential impact of this statement.
In June 2009, the FASB approved its Accounting Standards Codification, or Codification, as the single source of authoritative United States accounting and reporting standards applicable for all non-governmental entities. Rules and interpretive releases of the SEC under authority of federal securities laws are also sources of authoritative U.S. GAAP for SEC registrants. The Codification, which changes the referencing of financial standards, is effective for interim or annual financial periods ending after September 15, 2009. Therefore, in the third quarter of 2009, all references made to U.S. GAAP will use the new Codification numbering system prescribed by the FASB. As the Codification is not intended to change or alter existing U.S. GAAP, it is not expected to have any impact on our financial position or results of operations.

 

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Reclassification of Accounts
Certain reclassifications have been made to prior-year comparative financial statements to conform to the current year presentation. These reclassifications had no effect on previously reported results of operations or financial position.
3. Accounts Receivable — Trade
Accounts receivable — Trade, at June 30, 2009 and December 31, 2008, were comprised as follows:
                 
    June 30,     December 31,  
    2009     2008  
    ($ in ‘000’s)  
 
               
Accounts receivable gross
  $ 3,777     $ 9,926  
 
               
Allowances for discounts, chargebacks and returns
    (2,096 )     (4,774 )
Allowances for doubtful accounts
    (150 )     (150 )
 
           
 
       
Accounts receivable, net of allowances
  $ 1,531     $ 5,002  
 
           
As of December 31, 2008, due to limited experience with sales returns, we had deferred the recognition of $3.1 million revenue for product returns, until we had additional sales return data. Based on the experience gained to date, we believe that as of June 30, 2009, a product returns reserve of approximately $1.1 million is more than adequate. We continually monitor the returns activity and will appropriately adjust such return reserve, as necessary.
4. Inventories
Inventories at June 30, 2009 and December 31, 2008, were comprised as follows:
                 
    June 30,     December 31,  
    2009     2008  
    ($ in ‘000’s)     ($ in ‘000’s)  
 
               
Finished Goods
  $ 2,031     $ 1,492  
Work In Process
    0       312  
Raw Materials
    372       68  
Less: reserve for inventory allowances
    (48 )     (31 )
 
           
 
       
 
  $ 2,355     $ 1,841  
 
           
We continually review product inventories on hand. Inventory levels are evaluated relative to product demand, remaining shelf life, future marketing plans and other factors, and reserves for obsolete and slow-moving inventories are recorded for amounts which may not be realizable.
5. Commitments and Contingencies
Facility and Equipment Leases
As of June 30, 2009, we were obligated under a facility lease and various operating and capital equipment leases. Our facility lease, which expired on June 30, 2009, was renewed effective July 1, 2009 for a seven year term.
Minimum lease requirements, including the renewal terms of the facility lease for each of the next five years and thereafter, under the property and equipment operating leases and capital leases, are as follows:
                 
            Capital Lease  
June 30, 2009   Lease Commitments     Commitments  
    Amounts In Thousands  
 
               
2009 (Remainder of year)
  $ 207     $ 25  
 
               
2010
    428       50  
 
               
2011
    455       50  
 
               
2012
    484       47  
 
               
2013
    513        
 
               
2014
    542          
 
               
Thereafter
    863        
 
           
 
       
 
  $ 3,492     $ 172  
 
           

 

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Licensing Agreements
Almost all of our drug candidates are being developed pursuant to license agreements that provide us with rights in certain territories to, among other things, develop, sublicense, manufacture and sell the drugs. We are generally required to use commercially reasonable efforts to develop the drugs, are generally responsible for all development, patent filing and maintenance costs, sales, marketing and liability insurance costs, and are generally contingently obligated to make milestone payments to the licensors if we successfully reach development and regulatory milestones specified in the license agreements. In addition, we are obligated to pay royalties and, in some cases, milestone payments based on net sales, if any, after marketing approval is obtained from regulatory authorities.
The potential contingent development and regulatory milestone obligations under all our licensing agreements are generally tied to progress through the FDA approval process, which approval significantly depends on positive clinical trial results. The following items are typical of milestone events: conclusion of Phase 2 or commencement of Phase 3 clinical trials; filing of new drug applications in each of the United States, Europe and Japan; and approvals from each of the regulatory agencies in those jurisdictions.
Given the uncertainty of the drug development and regulatory approval process, we are unable to predict with any certainty when any of the milestones will occur, if at all. Accordingly, the milestone payments represent contingent obligations that will be recorded as expense when the milestone is achieved. While it is difficult to predict when milestones will be achieved, we estimate that if all of our contingent milestones were successfully achieved within our anticipated timelines, our potential contingent cash development and regulatory milestone obligations, aggregating approximately $86.6 million as of June 30, 2009, would be due approximately as follows: $14.1 million within 12 months; $4.9 million in 2 to 3 years; $7.5 million in 4 to 5 years; and $60.1 million after 5 years. In the event these milestones are achieved, we believe it is likely that the increase in the potential value of the related drug product will significantly exceed the amount of the milestone obligation.
Service Agreements
In connection with the research and development of our drug products, we have entered into contracts with numerous third party service providers, such as radiopharmacies, distributors, clinical trial centers, clinical research organizations, data monitoring centers, and with drug formulation, development and testing laboratories. The financial terms of these contracts are varied and generally obligate us to pay in stages, depending on the occurrence of certain events specified in the contracts, such as contract execution, reservation of service or production capacity, actual performance of service, or the successful accrual and dosing of patients.
At each period end, we accrue for all costs of goods and services received, with such accruals based on factors such as estimates of work performed, patient enrollment, completion of patient studies and other events. As of June 30, 2009, we were committed under such contracts for up to approximately $12.4 million, for future goods and services, including approximately $6.5 million maturing within one year. Generally, we are in a position to accelerate, slow-down or discontinue any or all of the projects that we are working on at any given point in time. Should we decide to discontinue and/or slow-down the work on any project, the associated costs for those projects would get limited to the extent of the work completed. Generally, we are able to terminate these contracts due to the discontinuance of the related project(s) and thus avoid paying for the services that have not yet been rendered and our future purchase obligations would reduce accordingly.
Employment Agreement
We have entered into an employment agreement with Dr. Shrotriya, our President and Chief Executive Officer, which expires January 2, 2011. The employment agreement automatically renews for a one-year calendar term unless either party gives written notice of such party’s intent not to renew the agreement at least 90 days prior to the commencement of the new term. The employment agreement requires Dr. Shrotriya to devote his full working time and effort to the business and affairs of the Company during the term of the agreement. The employment agreement provides for a minimum annual base salary with annual increases, periodic bonuses and option grants as determined by the Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors.

 

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6. Stockholders’ Equity
Common Stock
In March 2009, we issued to Targent, LLC, 125,000 shares of our common stock for payment of a milestone pursuant to the asset purchase agreement with Targent in connection with for the acceptance of the sNDA by the FDA for FUSILEV in combination with 5-FU to prolong survival in the palliative treatment of patients with advanced colorectal cancer by the FDA. The fair value of the stock, $185,000, was recorded as a stock-based research and development charge for the three-month period ended June 30, 2009.
In May 2009, we sold off our shelf registration statement on Form S-3 (No. 333-150260), an aggregate of 432,200 shares of common stock to certain of our employees at a purchase price of $2.70 per share, which was the closing price of the Company’s common stock on May 6, 2009 (the “Offering”). The offering resulted in gross proceeds to the Company of approximately $1.2 million. The investors included Dr. Rajesh Shrotriya, M.D., our Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer, and Shyam Kumaria, our Vice President of Finance. Dr. Shrotriya purchased 290,000 shares of common stock and Mr. Kumaria purchased 85,000 shares of common stock. We decided to conduct the Offering to certain of our employees to allow such employees to invest their personal cash directly into the Company at the current fair market value of our stock. The purchase agreements include provisions prohibiting the investors from disposing of the shares of common stock purchased in the Offering for ninety days. The Offering was approved by the Placement Committee of the Board of Directors. In addition, the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors approved the Offering pursuant to our Related Party Transaction Policies and Procedures.
On May 26, 2009, we sold 3,913,895 shares of our common stock at a purchase price of $5.11 per share for net cash proceeds of approximately $19 million, after placement agent fees and other offering costs of approximately $1 million. In connection with this offering, 1,956,947 warrants exercisable at $5.11 between November 27, 2009 and February 25, 2010, were issued to the investors.
On June 15, 2009, we sold 1,715,266 shares of our common stock at a purchase price of $5.83 per share for net cash proceeds of approximately $9.5 million, after placement agent fees and other offering costs of approximately $0.5 million. In connection with this offering, 857,633 warrants exercisable at $5.83 between December 15, 2009 and March 15, 2010, were issued to the investors.
On June 30, 2009, we entered into agreements to sell 2,936,037 shares of our common stock at a purchase price of $7.15 per share for net cash proceeds of approximately $20 million, after placement agent fees and other offering costs of approximately $1 million. In connection with this offering, 1,468,020 warrants exercisable at $7.10 between December 30, 2009 and March 30, 2010, were issued to the investors.
Common Stock Reserved for Future Issuance
As of June 30, 2009, approximately 16.6 million shares of common stock were issuable upon conversion or exercise of rights granted under prior financing arrangements and stock options and warrants, as follows:
         
Conversion of Series E preferred shares
    136,000  
Exercise of stock options
    8,090,000  
Exercise of warrants
    8,379,912  
 
     
 
       
Total shares of common stock reserved for future issuances
    16,605,912  
 
     
Share-Based Compensation
On June 26, 2009, at the Annual Meeting of Stockholders of Spectrum Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (the “Company”), the Company’s stockholders voted to approve (i) the 2009 Employee Stock Purchase Plan (the “2009 ESPP”), which provides for the purchase of shares of the Company’s common stock (the “Common Stock”) by the Company’s employees with their own cash, and (ii) the 2009 Incentive Award Plan (the “2009 Plan”), which provides for the grant of incentive and nonqualified stock options, restricted stock, restricted stock units, and stock appreciation rights to members of the Company’s Board of Directors (the “Board”), employees and consultants. On June 26, 2009, subsequent to the stockholders’ approval of the 2009 Plan, the Board approved an amendment to the Company’s 2003 Amended and Restated Incentive Award Plan (the “2003 Plan”) to decrease the number of shares available for issuance under the 2003 Plan from a maximum of 15,000,000 shares to 10,000,000 shares.
2009 Employee Stock Purchase Plan
There are initially 5,000,000 shares of Common Stock available for issuance under the 2009 ESPP. Beginning on January 1, 2010, and each January 1st thereafter, the number of shares of Common Stock available for issuance under the 2009 ESPP shall increase by an amount equal to the lesser of (i) 1,000,000 shares or (ii) an amount determined by the ESPP Administrator. However, in no event shall the number of shares of Common Stock available for future sale under the ESPP exceed 10,000,000 shares, subject to capitalization adjustments occurring due to dividends, splits, dissolution, liquidation, mergers, or changes in control.

 

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The 2009 ESPP provides that there shall be consecutive periods during which an option to purchase Common Stock under the 2009 ESPP may be exercised (“Offering Periods”), each of which will last approximately six months. The first Offering Period shall commence on July 1, 2009 and shall terminate on December 31, 2009. Thereafter, the first Offering Period of a given year shall commence on January 1st of that year and shall terminate on June 30th of the same year. The second Offering Period of a given year shall commence on July 1st of each year and shall terminate on December 31st of each year.
The purchase price per share for which shares of Common Stock will be sold pursuant to the 2009 ESPP is an amount equal the lesser of: (a) 85% of the fair market value of Common Stock on the first day of the Offering Period or (b) 85% of the fair market value of Common Stock on the last day of the Offering Period.
The 2009 ESPP replaces the Company’s 2001 Employee Stock Purchase Program, which was terminated by the Board effective June 26, 2009.
2009 Incentive Award Plan
There are initially 10,000,000 shares of Common Stock available for issuance under the 2009 Plan. Beginning on January 1, 2010, and each January 1st thereafter, the number of shares of Common Stock available for issuance under the 2009 Plan shall increase by the greater of (i) 2,500,000 and (ii) a number of shares such that the total number of shares of Common Stock available for issuance under the Plan shall equal 30% of the then number of shares of Common Stock issued and outstanding.
As of June 30, 2009, approximately 10,000,000 incentive award shares were available for grant under our share-based incentive award plan.
Presented below is a summary of activity, for all our share-based incentive award plans, during the three-month period ended June 30, 2009:
Stock Options:
During the six-month ended June 30, 2009, the Compensation Committee granted stock options at exercise prices equal to or greater than the closing price of our common stock on the trading day prior to the grant date. The weighted average grant date fair value of stock options granted during the six-month period ended June 30, 2009 was estimated at approximately $2.85, using the Black-Scholes option pricing model with the following assumptions: dividend yield of 0%; expected volatility (based on the historical volatility of our common stock) of 71.8%; risk free interest rate of 2.26%; and an expected life of 5 years.
                                 
            Weighted          
    Common     Average     Weighted     Aggregate  
    Stock     Exercise     Average     Intrinsic  
    Options     Price     Remaining Term     Value  
                (In Years)     (In Thousands)  
 
                               
Outstanding at beginning of year
    7,115,772     $ 4.80                  
Granted
    3,432,350     4.68                  
Expired
    (64,750 )   4.47                  
Forfeited
    (51,750 )   3.50                  
Repurchased
    (2,165,372 )   7.75                  
Exercised
    (176,250 )   1.81                  
 
                               
Outstanding, at the end of period
    8,090,000     $ 4.03       8.31     $ 29,288  
 
                       
 
                               
Vested and expected to vest, at end of period
    7,425,944     $ 4.03       5.31     $ 26,886  
 
                       
 
                               
Exercisable, at the end of period
    4,176,463     $ 4.02       7.13     $ 15,145  
 
                       
Due to our rapid growth over the past few years and a low personnel turnover rate, in early 2009, we had a limited number of shares available for future grant under the 2003 Amended and Restated Incentive Award Plan (the “2003 Plan”). Primarily in order to increase the pool of shares available for future grant under such plan, we conducted a tender offer to eligible employees to acquire options granted to certain employees of the company pursuant to the Third Amended and Restated 1997 Stock Incentive Plan and 2003 Plan, and which were outstanding at March 23, 2009. Eligible employees were employees of Spectrum or its subsidiaries who held options with exercise prices in excess of $5.00. The cash amount offered to those employees was $0.01 for options with an exercise price over $10.00 and $1.15 for the options with an exercise price between $5.00 and $9.99.

 

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On April 23, 2009, a total of 2,165,372 shares underlying eligible options were tendered by eligible employees and were accepted by us, representing 73% of the shares underlying eligible options that were eligible to be tendered in the offer. We made a cash payment in the aggregate of approximately $2.4 million to the eligible employees participating in the offer.
The aggregate intrinsic value in the table above represents the total difference between the Company’s closing common stock price of $7.65 on June 30, 2009 and the exercise price, multiplied by the number of all in-the-money options, that would have been received by the option holders had all option holders exercised their options on June 30, 2009. This amount changes based on the fair market value of the Company’s common stock.
During the three month and six month periods ended June 30, 2009, the share-based charge in connection with the expensing of stock options was approximately $3.6 million and $4.2 million. As of June 30, 2009, there was approximately $9.8 million of unrecognized stock-based compensation cost related to stock options which is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 2.8 years.
Restricted Stock:
                 
            Weighted  
    Restricted     Average  
    Stock     Grant date  
    Awards     Fair Value  
Nonvested at beginning of period
    377,500     $ 3.04  
Granted
    230,000       1.46  
Vested
    (221,250 )     3.14  
Forfeited
    (2,500 )     5.45  
 
           
 
Nonvested at the end of period
    383,750     $ 2.02  
 
           
The fair value of restricted stock awards is the grant date closing market price of our stock, and is charged to expense over the period of vesting. These awards are subject to forfeiture to the extent that the recipient’s service is terminated prior to the shares becoming vested.
During the three month and six month periods ended June 30, 2009, the share-based charge in connection with the expensing of restricted stock awards was approximately $0.1 million and $0.4 million. As of June 30, 2009, there was approximately $0.7 million of unrecognized share-based compensation cost related to nonvested restricted stock awards, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 1.5 years.
401(k) Plan Matching Contribution:
During the three month and six month periods ended June 30, 2009, we issued 28,497 and 98,500 shares of common stock as the Company’s match of approximately $0.1 million and $0.2 million on the 401(k) contributions of our employees.

 

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Warrants Activity:
We have issued warrants to purchase shares of our common stock to investors as part of financing transactions, or in connection with services rendered by placement agents and consultants. Our outstanding warrants expire on varying dates through September 2013. Below is a summary of warrant activity during the six-month period ended June 30, 2009:
                 
    Common Stock
Warrants
    Weighted Average
Exercise Price
 
 
Outstanding at beginning of period
    5,444,555     $ 7.28  
Issued
    4,282,600       5.94  
Repurchased
    (95,238 )     6.62  
Expired
    (1,252,005 )     10.03  
 
           
 
       
Outstanding, at the end of period
    8,379,912     $ 6.19  
 
           
 
       
Exercisable, at the end of period
    4,097,312     $ 6.45  
 
           
7. Subsequent Event
In August 2009, we acquired 100% of the rights to RenaZorb® (a family of compounds represented by SPI-014, also known as RZB-014), a lanthanum-based nanotechnology compound with potent and selective phosphate binding properties, for all human and non-human indications pursuant to an amended and restated agreement that we entered into with Altair Nanotechnologies (“Altair”). In 2005, the Company had acquired the worldwide license to develop RenaZorb for all human therapeutic uses from Altair. The August 2009 acquisition includes all uses and thus provides full rights for the asset. In conjuction with the expanded license, Altair assigned all intellectual property associated with RenaZorb to us. In consideration, we issued 113,809 shares of our common stock, with a fair value of $750,000. Also, moving forward Spectrum is responsible for all development, commercialization and intellectual property costs which will accrue after the August 2009 execution date for the amended and restated agreement.

 

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ITEM 2.  
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains certain forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, in reliance upon the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements include, without limitation, statements regarding our future product development activities and costs, the revenue potential (licensing, royalty and sales) of our product candidates, the success, safety and efficacy of our drug products, product approvals, product sales, revenues, development timelines, product acquisitions, liquidity and capital resources and trends, and other statements containing forward-looking words, such as, “believes,” “may,” “could,” “will,” “expects,” “intends,” “estimates,” “anticipates,” “plans,” “seeks,” or “continues.” Such forward-looking statements are based on the beliefs of the Company’s management as well as assumptions made by and information currently available to the Company’s management. Readers should not put undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements are inherently subject to risks and uncertainties, some of which cannot be predicted or quantified; therefore, our actual results may differ materially from those described in any forward-looking statements. Factors that might cause such a difference include, but are not limited to, those discussed in our periodic reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission including our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2008 and our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended March 31, 2009 and our current Form 10-Q for the period ended June 30, 2009. These factors include, but are not limited to the “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2008, which was filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) on March 31, 2009, as well as those discussed elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, and the following factors:
   
our ability to successfully develop, obtain regulatory approvals for and market our products;
 
   
our ability to generate and maintain sufficient cash resources to fund our business;
 
   
our ability to enter into strategic alliances with partners for manufacturing, development and commercialization;
 
   
efforts of our development partners;
 
   
the ability of our manufacturing partners to meet our timelines;
 
   
our ability to identify new product candidates;
 
   
the timing and/or results of pending or future clinical trials;
 
   
competition in the marketplace for our drugs;
 
   
actions by the FDA and other regulatory agencies;
 
   
the impact of recent legislative changes to the governmental reimbursement system;
 
   
the impact of any product liability, or other litigation to which the company is, or may become a party;
 
   
the availability and price of acceptable raw materials and components from third-party suppliers;
 
   
our ability, and that of our suppliers, development partners, and manufacturing partners, to comply with laws, regulations and standards, and the application and interpretation of those laws, regulations and standards, that govern or affect the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries, the non-compliance with which may delay or prevent the development, manufacturing, regulaory approvals and sale of our products;
 
   
Defending against claims relating to improper handling, storage or disposal of hazardous chemical, radioactive or biological materials could be time consuming and expensive (see Risk Factors in detail in ITEM 1A. Risk Factors);
 
   
the difficulty in predicting the timing or outcome of product development efforts and regulatory approvals; and
 
   
demand and market acceptance for our approved products;
We do not plan to update any such forward-looking statements and expressly disclaim any duty to update the information contained in this report except as required by law.

 

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You should read the following discussion of the financial condition and results of our operations in conjunction with the condensed consolidated financial statements and the notes to those financial statements included in Item I of Part 1 of this report.
Business Outlook
We are a commercial stage biopharmaceutical company committed to developing and commercializing innovative therapies with a focus primarily in the areas of hematology-oncology and urology. We have a fully developed commercial infrastructure that is responsible for the sales and marketing of two drugs in the United States, namely Zevalin and Fusilev. Our lead developmental drug is Apaziquone, which is presently being studied in two large Phase 3 clinical trials for bladder cancer under a strategic collaboration with Allergan Inc.
Our business strategy for 2009 is comprised of the following initiatives:
   
Maximizing the growth potential for our marketed drugs, Zevalin and Fusilev. We have built a commercial infrastructure to support the sale of marketing for our products.
ZEVALIN® ([90Y]-ibritumomab tiuxetan) (“ZEVALIN”):
ZEVALIN is currently FDA approved and marketed by Spectrum for the treatment of patients with relapsed or refractory, low-grade or follicular B-cell NHL, including patients who have rituximab-refractory follicular NHL. In December 2008, the FDA accepted for filing and review, and granted priority review status for the sBLA for the use of ZEVALIN as first-line therapy for patients with B-cell follicular NHL. A PDUFA target date of July 2, 2009 was established by the FDA for a decision regarding this sBLA.
On July 2, 2009, we received a complete response letter whereby the FDA requested us to submit certain data files from the FIT Study to support and verify a subset of the data that are currently under review to support the proposed labeling.
We responded to the FDA’s request on July 8, 2009. A new PDUFA date for the sBLA application has been set by the FDA as September 2, 2009 which, if approved, will allow for the label to address a substantially larger patient population.
CMS released their proposed 2010 Hospital Outpatient Prospective Payment System (“HOPPS”) rule, in which it proposed use of the Average Sales Price (“ASP”) methodology for determining reimbursement for therapeutic radiopharmaceuticals beginning Jan 1, 2010. It is currently in the public comment period, which will last through August 31, 2009 after which CMS will make their final ruling, which will take effect on January 1, 2010.
FUSILEV™ (levoleucovorin) for injection (“FUSILEV”):
FUSILEV is the only commercially available pure active isomer of leucovorin. It is indicated after high-dose methotrexate therapy in patients with osteosarcoma, and to diminish the toxicity and counteract the effects of impaired methotrexate elimination or inadvertent overdose of folic acid antagonists. A PDUFA target date of October 8, 2009 has been established by the FDA for a decision regarding the approval of our October 2008 sNDA filing for advanced metastatic colorectal cancer which is currently under review by the FDA.
In November 2008 we learned that many hospitals and community based clinics around the country were unable to get adequate quantities of leucovorin to meet their patients’ needs. In response to the shortage, we worked together with the FDA to face the medical emergency created by such shortage. We successfully mobilized many of our resources to help the medical community address the serious medical emergency created during the shortage of this critical drug.
The shortage was effectively resolved during the first quarter of this year. Thus, sales of FUSILEV in the fourth quarter of ’08 and first quarter of this year benefited from the leucovorin shortage that started last November.
FUSILEV sales will largely depend upon obtaining FDA approval for use of FUSILEV in 5-FU containing regimens for the treatment of colorectal cancer and favorable reimbursement.
   
Maximizing the asset value of Apaziquone.
Apaziquone (EOquin® in bladder cancer):
Apaziquone is an anti-cancer agent that becomes activated by certain enzymes often present in higher amounts in cancer cells than in normal cells. It is currently being investigated for the treatment of non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC), which is a cancer that is only in the innermost layer of the bladder and has not spread to deeper layers of the bladder.
The American Cancer Society estimated that the 2008 incidence and prevalence of bladder cancer in the United States would be approximately 68,810 and over 500,000, respectively. Based on Globocan data, we estimated that the 2008 incidence and prevalence of bladder cancer in Europe would be approximately 149,000 and 944,000, respectively. According to Botteman et al., (PharmacoEconomics 2003), bladder cancer is the most expensive cancer to treat on a lifetime basis.
In March 2007, we received concurrence from the FDA for the design of a Phase 3 study protocol for the treatment of non-invasive bladder cancer under a special protocol assessment procedure. In 2008, we received scientific advice from the EMEA whereby the EMEA agreed that the two Phase 3 studies as designed should be sufficient for a regulatory decision regarding European registration.
We received “Fast-Track” designation for this study in July. Fast Track designation is designed to facilitate drug development and expedite the review of drugs intended to treat serious conditions and demonstrate the potential to address unmet medical needs.
We also plan to initiate one additional trial in patients with bladder cancer who have failed BCG-treatment by year end. We requested a meeting with the FDA on the design of the BCG Failure study. We have a November date, and would expect to begin enrolling patients in this study in Q1 2010. We have also requested “scientific advice” from the EMEA on this BCG Failure study. We expect to hear back before the end of the year.
We also plan to sign an Asian partnership by the end of the year.
We continue to enroll patients (over 1,200 to date) into the two trials in the United States, Canada and Poland. We expect enrollment in both trials to be completed by the end of 2009.

 

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Optimizing our development portfolio. We continue to build on our core expertise in clinical development for the treatment of cancer and urology.
Ozarelix:
We have initiated a multi-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled Phase 2b study to evaluate the efficacy of ozarelix compared to placebo in the treatment of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) secondary to BPH in men as assessed by the IPSS at Week 14. We are currently enrolling patients in the study in North America; and intend to expand the study to enroll patients in India.
Renazorb®:
In August 2009, we acquired 100% rights to RenaZorb® (a family of compounds represented by SPI-014, also known as RZB-014), a lanthanum-based nanotechnology compound with potent and selective phosphate binding properties, for all human and non-human indications and entered into an amended and restated agreement that we entered into with Altair. In 2005, the Company had acquired the worldwide license to develop RenaZorb for all human therapeutic uses from Altair Nanotechnologies. The August 2009 acquisition includes all uses and thus provides full rights for the asset. In conjuction with the expanded license, Altair assigned all intellectual property associated with RenaZorb to us. In consideration we issued 113,809 shares of our common stock, with a fair value of $750,000. Also, moving forward Spectrum is responsible for all development, commercialization and intellectual property costs which will accrue after the August 2009 execution date for the amended and restated agreement.
We continue to develop our products. We expect to continue to evaluate additional promising drug product candidates, as well as marketed products, for opportunistic acquisition or license.
   
Managing our financial resources effectively. We remain committed to fiscal discipline, a policy which has allowed us to become exceptionally well capitalized among our peers, despite a very challenging fiscal environment.
 
   
Expanding commercial bandwidth through licensing and business development. It remains our goal to identify, for acquisition or partnering, drugs that will create strong synergies with our currently marketed drugs, including drugs in development. To this end, we will continue to explore strategic collaborations as these relate to drugs that are either in advanced clinical trials or are currently on the market.
Financial Condition
Liquidity and Capital Resources
Our cumulative losses, since inception in 1987 through June 30, 2009, are approximately $265 million. We expect to continue to incur additional losses for at least the next few years, as we implement our growth strategy of commercializing ZEVALIN and FUSILEV, while continuing to develop our portfolio of late-stage drug products, unless they are offset, if at all, by the out-license of any of our drugs.
We believe that the approximately $106 million in cash, cash equivalents, marketable securities and financing proceeds receivable we had available on June 30, 2009 will allow us to fund our current planned operations for at least the next twelve to eighteen months. We may, however, seek to obtain additional capital through the sale of debt or equity securities, if necessary, especially in conjunction with opportunistic acquisitions or license of drugs. In this regard, in April 2008, we filed a shelf registration statement with the SEC in Form S-3 (No 333-150260) to give us the ability, from time to time, to offer any combination of our securities described in the registration statement in one or more offerings for up to $150 million. We currently have available approximately $72 million under this registration statement. There can be no assurance that we will be able to obtain such additional capital when needed, or, if available, that it will be on terms favorable to us or to our stockholders. If additional funds are raised by issuing equity securities, the percentage ownership of our stockholders will be reduced, stockholders may experience additional dilution or such equity securities may provide for rights, preferences or privileges senior to those of the holders of our common stock. If additional funds are raised through the issuance of debt securities, the terms of such securities may place restrictions on our ability to operate our business. If and when appropriate, just as we have done in the past, we may pursue non-dilutive financing alternatives as well.
Our long-term strategy, however, is to generate profits from the sale and licensing of our drug products. Accordingly, in the next several years, we expect to supplement our cash position with sales of ZEVALIN and FUSILEV and generate licensing revenues from out-licensing our other drug products.
We are not able to provide any revenue guidance at this time. For ZEVALIN, sales growth is largely dependent on obtaining FDA approval of our sBLA for use in first-line consolidation treatment for non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma or NHL, establishing reimbursement standards based on an ASP methodology in concert with CMS and obtaining FDA approval to remove the In-111 bio-scan requirement. For FUSILEV, sales will largely depend upon obtaining FDA approval for use of FUSILEV in combination with 5-FU containing regimens for the treatment of colorectal cancer and favorable reimbursement. We are unable to reasonably estimate when, if ever, we will realize sustainable net profit from sales of these two products or any of our other products, if they are approved by the FDA.

 

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In addition, as described elsewhere in this report, as well as the risk factors in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2008, our drug development efforts are subject to the considerable uncertainty inherent in any new drug development. Due to the uncertainties involved in progressing through clinical trials, and the time and cost involved in obtaining regulatory approval and in establishing collaborative arrangements, among other factors, we cannot reasonably estimate the timing, completion dates, and ultimate aggregate cost of developing each of our drug product candidates. Accordingly, the following discussion of our current assessment of expenditures may prove inadequate and our assessment of the need for cash to fund our operations may prove too optimistic.
Our expenditures for research and development consist of direct product specific costs, including, but not limited to, upfront license fees, milestone payments, active pharmaceutical ingredients, clinical trials, and patent related costs, and non-product specific, or indirect, costs. During the six-month period ended June 30, 2009, our total research and development expenditure was approximately $14.1 million (net of $5.2 million received from Allergan), of which approximately $7.2 million was in direct costs. The principal components of direct expenses for that period related to the development of Apaziquone — approximately $5.0 million; FUSILEV — approximately $0.7 million; and Zevalin approximately $0.5 million.
Our primary focus areas for the rest of 2009, and the programs that are expected to represent a significant part of our expenditures, are the on-going clinical studies of Apaziquone and the commercialization of ZEVALIN and FUSILEV. Key factors that we will monitor as we determine the funding of other development projects are as follows:
   
the continued commercialization of ZEVALIN and FUSILEV;
   
continued patient enrollment in our 2 phase 3 Apaziquone clinical trials at anticipated rates; and
   
continued positive results from our preclinical studies and clinical trials.
While we are currently focused on advancing our key product development programs, we anticipate that we will make regular determinations as to which other programs, if any, to pursue and how much funding to direct to each program on an ongoing basis in response to the scientific and clinical success of each product candidate, as well as an ongoing assessment as to the product candidate’s commercial potential.
Further, while we do not receive any funding from third parties for research and development that we conduct, co-development and out-licensing agreements with other companies for any of our drug products may reduce our expenses. In this regard, we entered into a collaboration agreement with Allergan whereby, commencing January 1, 2009, Allergan bears 65% of the development costs of Apaziquone.
In addition to our present portfolio of drug product candidates, we are actively seeking proprietary products for acquisition or licensing. If we are successful in acquiring rights to additional products, we may pay up-front licensing fees in cash and/or common stock and our research and development expenditures would likely increase. In addition, any future acquisitions may require additional financing.
Net Cash provided by Operating Activities
During the six-month period ended June 30, 2009, net cash provided by operations was approximately $4.3 million compared to net cash provided by operations of a similar amount in the comparative period of 2008. The positive operating cash flows in 2009 are primarily attributable to revenues derived from sales of FUSILEV, the arbitration settlement related to ZEVALIN and the participation by Allergan in the development activities for Apaziquone.
Net Cash used in Investing Activities
Net cash used in investing activities of approximately $31.9 million was due to our investment in ZEVALIN and the investment of our funds into shorter term cash-equivalent investments.

 

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Results of Operations
Results of Operations for the three-month period ended June 30, 2009 compared to the three-month period ended June 30, 2008
For the three-month period ended June 30, 2009, we recorded a net loss of approximately $9.7 million, compared to a net income of approximately $10.7 million for the three-month period ended June 30, 2008. The principal components of the year-to-year changes in line items are discussed below.
During the three months ended June 30, 2009, we recognized $2.1 million of licensing revenues from the amortization of the $41.5 million upfront payment we received from Allergan in 2008 and approximately $6 million from product sales — ZEVALIN $3.3 million and FUSILEV $2.7 million (net of estimates for promotional, price and other adjustments), including adjustment of the allowance for product returns. Since the generic leucovorin shortage experienced in late 2008 and early 2009 appears to have abated, we expect revenues from FUSILEV to be significantly lower than those recorded for the last quarter of 2008 and the first quarter of 2009. We are not able to provide any revenue or net income guidance at this time. No similar revenues were recorded in the period ended June 30, 2008.
During the three-month period ended June 30, 2008, we entered into an asset purchase agreement with Par, our marketing partner for sumatriptan injection, pursuant to which we received a non-refundable non-recurring $20 million cash payment from Par for the transfer of our share of the profits from the commercialization of sumatriptan injection. During this period, we also recorded revenue from the transfer of rights to certain of our Abbreviated New Drug Applications (“ANDAs”) to Sagent for $660,000. We did not earn similar revenues during the three-month period ended June 30, 2009.
Total research and development expenses, excluding amortization costs associated with ZEVALIN described below, decreased by approximately $0.3 million, from approximately $6.7 million in the three-month period ended June 30, 2008 to approximately $6.4 million in the three-month period ended June 30, 2009, primarily due to the sharing in the costs associated with the development of Apaziquone of approximately $2.5 million by our development partner, Allergan Inc. (“Allergan”), partially offset by higher research and development costs incurred for ZEVALIN of approximately $0.2 million not incurred in the same period of 2008 We expect research & development expenses for the remainder of 2009 to continue at a pace similar to the quarter ended June 30, 2009.
We also incurred approximately $1.0 million non-cash research and development costs due to the amortization of intangibles from the acquisition of ZEVALIN during the three month period ended June 30, 2009. No similar cost was incurred during the same period of 2008.
Selling, general and administrative expenses increased by approximately $6.0 million, from approximately $3.2 million in the three-month period ended March 31, 2008 to approximately $9.2 million in the three-month period ended June 30, 2009. The primary reason for the increase is due to increased direct sales and marketing expenses, incurred in connection with the commercial activities associated with ZEVALIN and FUSILEV and related payroll costs. We expect selling, general and administrative expenses for the remainder of 2009 to continue at a pace similar to the quarter ended June 30, 2009.
Other income consisted of net interest income of approximately $125,000 compared to a loss of approximately $21,000 for the three-month periods ended June 30, 2009 and 2008, respectively. The interest income was primarily due to lower investment yields resulting from the general financial market conditions and the higher emphasis on conservation and preservation of our capital. We expect similar yields going forward till such time as the credit markets stabilize.

 

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Results of Operations for the six-month period ended June 30, 2009 compared to the six-month period ended June 30, 2008
For the six-month period ended June 30, 2009 we recorded a net loss of $9.1 million, compared to net income of approximately $2 million for the six-month period ended June 30, 2008. The principal components of the year-to-year changes in line items are discussed below.
During the six months ended June 30, 2009, we recognized $4.3 million of licensing revenues from the amortization of the $41.5 million upfront payment we received from Allergan in 2008 and approximately $18.1 million of product sales — ZEVALIN $5.9 million; and FUSILEV $12.2 million (net of estimates for promotional, price and other adjustments), including adjustment of the allowance for product returns. As of December 31, 2008, we had deferred the recognition of $3.1 million revenue for product returns, until we were able to obtain more data on product sales and returns. Based on the experience gained to date, we believe that as of June 30, 2009, a product returns reserve of $1.1 million is adequate, and accordingly recognized the difference of approximately $1.9 million as a component of revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2009.
During the six-month period ended June 30, 2008, we entered into an asset purchase agreement with Par, our marketing partner for sumatriptan injection, pursuant to which we received a non-refundable non-recurring $20 million cash payment from Par for the transfer of our share of the profits from the commercialization of sumatriptan injection. During this period, we also recorded revenue from the transfer of rights to certain of our ANDAs to Sagent for $660,000. We did not earn similar revenues during the six-month period ended June 30, 2009.
Total research and development expenses, excluding amortization costs associated with ZEVALIN described below, decreased by approximately $1.1 million, from approximately $13.1 million in the six-month period ended June 30, 2008 to approximately $12.0 million in the six-month period ended June 30, 2009, primarily due to the sharing in the costs associated with the development of Apaziquone of approximately $5.2 million by our development partner, Allergan, partially offset by higher research and development costs incurred for ZEVALIN of approximately $0.5 million.
We also incurred approximately $1.9 million non-cash research and development costs due to the amortization of intangibles from the acquisition of ZEVALIN during the three month period ended June 30, 2009. No similar cost was incurred during the same period of 2008.
Selling, general and administrative expenses increased by approximately $9.7 million, from approximately $5.8 million in the six-month period ended June 30, 2008 to approximately $15.5 million in the three-month period ended June 30, 2009. The primary reason for the increase is due to increased direct sales and marketing expenses , incurred in connection with the commercial activities associated with ZEVALIN and FUSILEV and related payroll costs.
Other income consisted of net interest income of approximately $0.2 million and $0.3 million for the six-month periods ended June 30, 2009 and June 30, 2008, offset in 2008 by approximately $250,000 realized investment loss. The decrease in interest income was primarily due to lower investment yields in 2009 due to the shift in our investment strategy.

 

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Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
None.
Contractual and Commercial Obligations
The following table summarizes our contractual and other commitments, including obligations under facility and equipment leases, as of June 30, 2009 (in thousands):
                                         
            Less than                     After  
    Total     1 Year     1-3 Years     3-5 Years     5 Years  
Contractual Obligations (1)
                                       
Capital Lease Obligations (2)
  $ 172     $ 25     $ 147              
Operating Lease Obligations (3)
    3,491       207       883     $ 997     $ 1,404  
Purchase Obligations (4)
    17,419       11,540       5,507       372       0  
Contingent Milestone Obligations (5)
    86,662       14,105       4,856       7,515       60,186  
 
                             
 
Total
  $ 107,744     $ 25,877     $ 11,393     $ 8,884     $ 61,590  
 
                             
     
(1)  
The table of contractual and commercial obligations excludes contingent payments that we may become obligated to pay upon the occurrence of future events whose outcome is not readily predictable, such as obligations pursuant to employment agreements.
 
(2)  
The capital lease obligations are related to leased office equipment.
 
(3)  
The operating lease obligations are primarily for the facility lease for our corporate office, which extends through June 2016.
 
(4)  
Purchase obligations represent the amount of open purchase orders and contractual commitments to vendors for products and services that have not been delivered, or rendered, as of June 30, 2009. Approximately 50% of the purchase obligations consist of expenses associated with clinical trials and related costs for Apaziquone for each of the periods presented.
 
(5)  
Milestone obligations are payable contingent upon successfully reaching certain development and regulatory milestones. While the amounts included in the table above represent all of our potential cash development and regulatory milestone obligations as of June 30, 2009, given the unpredictability of the drug development process, and the impossibility of predicting the success of current and future clinical trials, the timelines estimated above do not represent a forecast of when payment milestones will actually be reached, if at all. Rather, they assume that all development and regulatory milestones under all of our license agreements are successfully met, and represent our best estimates of the timelines. In the event that the milestones are met, we believe it is likely that the increase in the potential value of the related drug product will significantly exceed the amount of the milestone obligation.
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
Our discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based upon our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. The estimation process requires assumptions to be made about future events and conditions, and is consequently inherently subjective and uncertain. Actual results could differ materially from our estimates. On an ongoing basis, we evaluate our estimates, including cash requirements, by assessing: planned research and development activities and general and administrative requirements; required clinical trial activity; market need for our drug candidates; and other major business assumptions.
The SEC defines critical accounting policies as those that are, in management’s view, most important to the portrayal of our financial condition and results of operations and most demanding of our judgment. We consider the following policies to be critical to an understanding of our consolidated financial statements and the uncertainties associated with the complex judgments made by us that could impact our results of operations, financial position and cash flows.
Cash, Cash Equivalents and Marketable Securities
Cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities primarily consist of bank checking deposits, short-term treasury securities, and institutional money market funds, corporate debt and equity, municipal obligations, including market auction debt securities, government agency notes, and certificates of deposit. We classify highly liquid short-term investments, with insignificant interest rate risk and maturities of 90 days or less at the time of acquisition, as cash and cash equivalents. Other investments, which do not meet the above definition of cash equivalents, are classified as either “held-to-maturity” or “available-for-sale” marketable securities, in accordance with the provisions of SFAS No. 115, “Accounting for Certain Investments in Debt and Equity Securities”. Investments that we intend to hold for more than one year are classified as long-term investments.
Revenue Recognition
We follow the provisions as set forth by current accounting rules, which primarily include SAB 104, Revenue Recognition, and EITF No. 00-21, “Accounting for Revenue Arrangements with Multiple Deliverables”. Generally, revenue is recognized when evidence of an arrangement exists, delivery has occurred or services have been rendered, the price is fixed and determinable, and collectibility is reasonably assured.

 

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Upfront fees representing non-refundable payments received upon the execution of licensing or other agreements are recognized as revenue upon execution of the agreements where we have no significant future performance obligations and collectibility of the fees is reasonably assured. Milestone payments, which are generally based on developmental or regulatory events, are recognized as revenue when the milestones are achieved, collectibility is reasonably assured, and we have no significant future performance obligations in connection with the milestone. In those instances where we have collected fees or milestone payments but have significant future performance obligations related to the development of the drug product, we record deferred revenue and recognize it over the period of our future obligations.
Revenue from sales of product is recognized upon shipment of product, when title and risk of loss have transferred to the customer, and provisions for estimates, including promotional adjustments, price adjustments, returns, and other potential adjustments are reasonably determinable. Such revenue is recorded, net of such estimated provisions, at the minimum amount of the customer’s obligation to us. We state the related accounts receivable at net realizable value, with any allowance for doubtful accounts charged to general operating expenses. If revenue from sales is not reasonably determinable due to provisions for estimates, promotional adjustments, price adjustments, returns or any other potential adjustments, we defer the revenue and recognize revenue when the estimates are reasonably determinable, even if the monies for the gross sales have been received.
Research and Development
Research and development expenses include salaries and benefits, clinical trial and related manufacturing costs, contract and other outside service fees, and facilities and overhead costs related to our research and development efforts. Research and development expenses also consist of costs incurred for proprietary and collaboration research and development and include activities such as product registries and investigator-sponsored trials. In accordance with Statement of Financial Accounting Standards, or SFAS, No. 2, Accounting for Research and Development Costs, research and development costs are expensed as incurred. In certain instances we enter into agreements with third parties for research and development activities, where we may prepay fees for services at the initiation of the contract. In accordance with EITF 07-3, Accounting for Nonrefundable Advance Payment for Goods or Services to be Used in Future Research and Development Activities, we record such prepayment as a prepaid asset and charge research and development expense over the period of time the contracted research and development services are performed. In connection with the October 2008 codevelopment agreement, Allergan bears 65% of the development costs incurred for Apaziquone in bladder cancer, commencing January 1, 2009. During the six months ended June 30, 2009, approximately $5.2 million of development costs were reimbursed by Allergan, and credited against total related research and development expense.
We review and accrue drug development expenses based on factors such as estimates of work performed, patient enrollment, completion of patient studies and other events. Accrued clinical study costs are subject to revisions as trials progress to completion. Revisions are recorded in the period in which the facts that give rise to the revision become known.
Accounting for Share-Based Employee Compensation
In estimating the fair value of share-based compensation, we use the quoted market price of our common stock for stock awards and the Black-Scholes Option Pricing Model for stock options and warrants. We estimate future volatility based on past volatility of our common stock, and we estimate the expected length of options based on several criteria, including the vesting period of the grant and the expected volatility.

 

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Recent Accounting Pronouncements
See Note 2: Recent Accounting Pronouncements of our accompanying consolidated financial statements for a description of recent accounting pronouncements that have a potentially significant impact on our financial reporting and our expectations of their impact on our results of operations and financial condition.
ITEM 3.  
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
The primary objective of our investment activities is to preserve principal, while at the same time maximizing yields without significantly increasing risk. We do not utilize hedging contracts or similar instruments.
We are exposed to certain market risks. Our primary exposures relate to (1) interest rate risk on our investment portfolio, (2) credit risk of the companies’ bonds in which we invest, and (3) general credit market risks as have existed since late 2007 and became more prominent during 2008 and (4) the financial viability of the institutions which hold our capital and through which we have invested our funds. We manage such risks on our investment portfolio by matching scheduled investment maturities with our cash requirements and investing in highly rated instruments.
In response to the dislocation in the credit markets since the latter part of 2007, in early 2008 we converted substantially all of our investments, including all of our market auction debt securities, into safer and highly liquid instruments. Our investments, as of June 30, 2009, were primarily in money market accounts, short-term corporate bonds, U.S. Treasury bills and U.S. Treasury-backed securities. We believe the financial institutions through which we have invested our funds are strong, well capitalized and our instruments are held in accounts segregated from the assets of the institutions. However, due to the current extremely volatile financial and credit markets and liquidity crunch faced by most banking institutions, the financial viability of these institutions, and the safety and liquidity of our funds is being constantly monitored.
Because of our ability to generally redeem these investments at par at short notice, changes in interest rates would have an immaterial effect on the fair value of these investments. If a 10% change in interest rates were to have occurred on June 30, 2009, any decline in the fair value of our investments would not be material in the context of our financial statements. In addition, we are exposed to certain market risks associated with credit ratings of corporations whose corporate bonds we may purchase from time to time. If these companies were to experience a significant detrimental change in their credit ratings, the fair market value of such corporate bonds may significantly decrease. If these companies were to default on these corporate bonds, we may lose part or all of our principal. We believe that we effectively manage this market risk by diversifying our investments, and investing in highly rated securities.
In addition, we are exposed to foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations relating to payments we make to vendors, suppliers and license partners using foreign currencies. In particular, some of our obligations are incurred in Euros. We mitigate such risk by maintaining a limited portion of our cash in Euros and other currencies.
ITEM 4.  
Controls and Procedures
We have established disclosure controls and procedures (as such terms are defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the “Exchange Act”), that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our Exchange Act reports is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer (our principal executive officer) and Vice President of Finance (our principal financial officer), as appropriate, to allow for timely decisions regarding required disclosure. In designing and evaluating the disclosure controls and procedures, our management is required to apply its judgment in evaluating the cost-benefit relationship of possible controls and procedures. Our disclosure controls and procedures are designed to provide a reasonable level of assurance of reaching our desired disclosure control objectives.
As required by Rule 13a-15(b) under the Exchange Act, we carried out an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our principal executive officer and our principal financial officer, of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of June 30, 2009, the end of the period covered by this report. Based on the foregoing, our principal executive officer and principal financial officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of June 30, 2009.
There has been no change in our internal control over financial reporting during the quarter ended June 30, 2009 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

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PART II — OTHER INFORMATION
ITEM 1A.  
Risk Factors
The use of hazardous materials, including radioactive and biological materials, in our research and development and commercial efforts imposes certain compliance costs on us and may subject us to liability for claims arising from the use or misuse of these materials.
Our research and development, manufacturing (including a radiolabeling step for Zevalin) and administration of our drugs involves the controlled use of hazardous materials, including chemicals, radioactive and biological materials, such as radioactive isotopes, which is done by qualified third parties; in essence. We do not physically handle these radioactive isotopes or such hazardous materials. We are subject to federal, state and local laws and regulations governing the storage, use and disposal of these materials and some waste products. We believe that our safety procedures for the storage, use and disposal of these materials comply with the standards prescribed by federal, state and local regulations. However, we cannot completely eliminate the risk of accidental contamination or injury from these materials. If there were to be an accident, we could be held liable for any damages that result, which could exceed our financial resources. We currently maintain insurance coverage for injuries resulting from the hazardous materials we use; however, future claims may exceed the amount of our coverage. Also, we do not have insurance coverage for pollution cleanup and removal. Currently the costs of complying with federal, state and local regulations are not significant, and consist primarily of waste disposal expenses, however, they could become expensive, and current or future environmental regulations may impair our research, development, production and commercialization efforts.
ITEM 2.  
Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
On August 4, 2009, we entered into an Amended and Restated Agreement with Altair Nanomaterials, Inc. and Altair Nanotechnologies, Inc., or Altair, whereby we acquired full rights and intellectual property for RenaZorb® for all fields of use. Pursuant to such agreement we became obligated to issue 113,809 shares of our common stock to Altair, with a fair market value of $750,000. The shares will be issued without registration under the Securities Act of 1933 in reliance upon the exemptions from registration provided under Section 4(2) of the Securities Act and Regulation D promulgated thereunder. The foregoing transaction did not involve any public offering; we made no solicitation in connection with the issuance; we obtained representations from Altair regarding their investment intent, experience and sophistication; the party either received or had access to adequate information about us in order to make an informed investment decision; and we reasonably believe that the party is “sophisticated” within the meaning of Section 4(2) of the Securities Act. No underwriting discounts or commissions were paid in conjunction with the issuance.
ITEM 4.  
Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders
We held our Annual Meeting of Stockholders on June 26, 2009, at which meeting there were present in person or by proxy 27,075,704 votes representing 83% of the total outstanding eligible votes. The following matters were voted upon at our Annual Meeting of Stockholders:
1. The following persons were elected as directors to serve a one-year term expiring at the Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be held in 2010, or until their successors are elected or qualified:
                 
    VOTES CAST  
            Authority  
    For     Withheld  
Mitchell P. Cybulski, MBA
    22,524,481       4,415,263  
Richard D. Fulmer, MBA
    24,648,068       2,291,676  
Stuart M. Krassner, Sc.D., Psy.D.
    22,538,861       4,400,883  
Anthony E. Maida, III, MA, MBA
    24,702,895       2,236,849  
Rajesh C. Shrotriya, M.D.
    24,469,188       2,470,556  
Julius A. Vida, Ph.D.
    22,445,757       4,493,987  
2. Proposal to approve the adoption of the 2009 Employee Stock Purchase Plan:
                                 
    Votes Cast  
                            Broker  
                            Non-  
    For     Against     Abstain     Votes  
Number of Shares
    9,349,430       5,380,411       72,932       17,744,066  
3. Proposal to approve the adoption of the 2009 Incentive Award Plan:
                                 
    Votes Cast  
                            Broker  
                            Non-  
    For     Against     Abstain     Votes  
Number of Shares
    8,590,831       6,136,531       75,411       17,744,066  

 

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ITEM 6.  
Exhibits
         
Exhibit No.   Description
       
 
  1.1    
Placement Agency Agreement between the Registrant and Rodman & Renshaw, LLC, dated May 26, 2009. (Filed as Exhibit 1.1 to Form 8-K, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on May 28, 2009, and incorporated herein by reference.)
       
 
  1.2    
Placement Agency Agreement between the Registrant and Rodman & Renshaw, LLC, dated June 15, 2009. (Filed as Exhibit 1.1 to Form 8-K, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on June 18, 2009, and incorporated herein by reference.)
       
 
  1.3    
Placement Agency Agreement between the Registrant and Rodman & Renshaw, LLC, dated June 30, 2009. (Filed as Exhibit 1.1 to Form 8-K, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on July 2, 2009, and incorporated herein by reference.)
       
 
  4.1    
Form of Common Stock Purchase Warrant. (Filed as Exhibit 4.1 to Form 8-K, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on May 28, 2009, and incorporated herein by reference.)
       
 
  4.2    
Form of Common Stock Purchase Warrant. (Filed as Exhibit 4.1 to Form 8-K, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on June 18, 2009, and incorporated herein by reference.)
       
 
  4.3    
Form of Common Stock Purchase Warrant. (Filed as Exhibit 4.1 to Form 8-K, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on July 2, 2009, and incorporated herein by reference.)
       
 
  10.1    
Form of Stock Purchase Agreement, dated May 6, 2009. (Filed as Exhibit 1.1 to Form 8-K, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on May 7, 2009, and incorporated herein by reference).
       
 
  10.2    
Form of Securities Purchase Agreement, dated May 27, 2009. (Filed as Exhibit 10.1 to Form 8-K, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on May 28, 2009, and incorporated herein by reference.)
       
 
  10.3    
Form of Securities Purchase Agreement, dated June 15, 2009. (Filed as Exhibit 10.1 to Form 8-K, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on June 18, 2009, and incorporated herein by reference.)
       
 
  10.4  *  
2009 Employee Stock Purchase Plan. (Filed as Exhibit 99.1 to Form S-8, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on June 29, 2009, and incorporated herein by reference).
       
 
  10.5  *  
2009 Incentive Award Plan. (Filed as Exhibit 99.2 to Form S-8, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on June 29, 2009, and incorporated herein by reference).
       
 
  10.6    
Form of Securities Purchase Agreement, dated June 30, 2009. (Filed as Exhibit 10.1 to Form 8-K, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on July 2, 2009, and incorporated herein by reference.)
       
 
  10.7  *  
2003 Amended and Restated Incentive Award Plan. (Filed as Exhibit 10.1 to Form 8-K, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on July 2, 2009, and incorporated herein by reference.)
       
 
  10.8  * +  
Term Sheet for 2009 Incentive Award Plan Stock Option Award.
       
 
  10.9  * +  
Term Sheet for 2009 Incentive Award Plan, Nonqualified Stock Option Award Awarded to Non-Employee Directors.
       
 
  10.10  * +  
Term Sheet for 2009 Incentive Award Plan, Restricted Stock Award.
       
 
  10.11  * +  
Summary of Director Compensation.

 

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Table of Contents

         
Exhibit No.   Description
       
 
  31.1+    
Certification of Principal Executive Officer, pursuant to Rule 13a-14 promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
       
 
  31.2+    
Certification of Principal Financial Officer, pursuant to Rule 13a-14 promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
       
 
  32.1+    
Certification of Principal Executive Officer; as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
       
 
  32.2+    
Certification of Principal Financial Officer; as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
     
*  
Indicates a management contract or compensatory plan or arrangement.
 
+  
Filed herewith.

 

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SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
         
  SPECTRUM PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
 
 
Date: August 13, 2009  By:   /s/ Shyam K. Kumaria    
    Shyam K. Kumaria,   
    Vice President, Finance
(Authorized Signatory and Principal
Financial and Accounting Officer) 
 

 

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EXHIBIT INDEX
         
Exhibit No.   Description
       
 
  1.1    
Placement Agency Agreement between the Registrant and Rodman & Renshaw, LLC, dated May 26, 2009. (Filed as Exhibit 1.1 to Form 8-K, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on May 28, 2009, and incorporated herein by reference.)
       
 
  1.2    
Placement Agency Agreement between the Registrant and Rodman & Renshaw, LLC, dated June 15, 2009. (Filed as Exhibit 1.1 to Form 8-K, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on June 18, 2009, and incorporated herein by reference.)
       
 
  1.3    
Placement Agency Agreement between the Registrant and Rodman & Renshaw, LLC, dated June 30, 2009. (Filed as Exhibit 1.1 to Form 8-K, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on July 2, 2009, and incorporated herein by reference.)
       
 
  4.1    
Form of Common Stock Purchase Warrant. (Filed as Exhibit 4.1 to Form 8-K, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on May 28, 2009, and incorporated herein by reference.)
       
 
  4.2    
Form of Common Stock Purchase Warrant. (Filed as Exhibit 4.1 to Form 8-K, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on June 18, 2009, and incorporated herein by reference.)
       
 
  4.3    
Form of Common Stock Purchase Warrant. (Filed as Exhibit 4.1 to Form 8-K, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on July 2, 2009, and incorporated herein by reference.)
       
 
  10.1    
Form of Stock Purchase Agreement, dated May 6, 2009. (Filed as Exhibit 1.1 to Form 8-K, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on May 7, 2009, and incorporated herein by reference).
       
 
  10.2    
Form of Securities Purchase Agreement, dated May 27, 2009. (Filed as Exhibit 10.1 to Form 8-K, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on May 28, 2009, and incorporated herein by reference.)
       
 
  10.3    
Form of Securities Purchase Agreement, dated June 15, 2009. (Filed as Exhibit 10.1 to Form 8-K, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on June 18, 2009, and incorporated herein by reference.)
       
 
  10.4  *  
2009 Employee Stock Purchase Plan. (Filed as Exhibit 99.1 to Form S-8, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on June 29, 2009, and incorporated herein by reference).
       
 
  10.5  *  
2009 Incentive Award Plan. (Filed as Exhibit 99.2 to Form S-8, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on June 29, 2009, and incorporated herein by reference).
       
 
  10.6    
Form of Securities Purchase Agreement, dated June 30, 2009. (Filed as Exhibit 10.1 to Form 8-K, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on July 2, 2009, and incorporated herein by reference.)
       
 
  10.7  *  
2003 Amended and Restated Incentive Award Plan. (Filed as Exhibit 10.1 to Form 8-K, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on July 2, 2009, and incorporated herein by reference.)
       
 
  10.8  * +  
Term Sheet for 2009 Incentive Award Plan Stock Option Award.
       
 
  10.9  * +  
Term Sheet for 2009 Incentive Award Plan, Nonqualified Stock Option Award Awarded to Non-Employee Directors.
       
 
  10.10  * +  
Term Sheet for 2009 Incentive Award Plan, Restricted Stock Award.
       
 
  10.11  * +  
Summary of Director Compensation.
       
 
  31.1 +  
Certification of Principal Executive Officer, pursuant to Rule 13a-14 promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
       
 
  31.2 +  
Certification of Principal Financial Officer, pursuant to Rule 13a-14 promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
       
 
  32.1 +  
Certification of Principal Executive Officer; as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
       
 
  32.2 +  
Certification of Principal Financial Officer; as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
     
*  
Indicates a management contract or compensatory plan or arrangement.
 
+  
Filed herewith.

 

33

Exhibit 10.8
Exhibit 10.8
SPECTRUM PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
TERM SHEET FOR 2009 INCENTIVE AWARD PLAN
STOCK OPTION AWARD
FOR GOOD AND VALUABLE CONSIDERATION, Spectrum Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (the “Company”), hereby grants to Participant named below a stock option (the “Option”) to purchase any part or all of the number of shares of its common stock (the “Common Stock”), that are covered by this Option, as specified below, at the Exercise Price per share specified below and upon the terms and subject to the conditions set forth in this Term Sheet, the Spectrum Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 2009 Incentive Award Plan (the “Plan”) and the Standard Terms and Conditions (the “Standard Terms and Conditions”) promulgated under such Plan, each as amended from time to time. This Option is granted pursuant to the Plan and is subject to and qualified in its entirety by the Standard Terms and Conditions.
         
Name of Participant:
       
Grant Date:
       
Number of Shares of Common Stock covered by Option:
       
Exercise Price Per Share:
  $    
Vesting Schedule:
       
This Option is intended to qualify as an incentive stock option under Section 422 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”), but the Company does not represent or warrant that the Option qualifies as such. If this Option fails in whole or in part to qualify as an incentive stock option, then this Option shall to that extent constitute a non-qualified stock option. By accepting this Term Sheet, Participant acknowledges that he or she has received and read, and agrees that this Option shall be subject to, and Participant shall comply with, the terms of this Term Sheet, the Plan and the Standard Terms and Conditions.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the Company has caused this Option to be executed by its duly authorized officer.
     
 
  SPECTRUM PHARMACEUTIALS, INC.
 
   
 
   
 
  Name
 
  Title
[Participant/Spouse Signature page follows on the reverse side of this Term Sheet]

 

 


 

PARTICIPANT’S ACCEPTANCE
The undersigned hereby accepts the foregoing Option and agrees to the terms and conditions thereof. The undersigned hereby acknowledges that a copy of the Standard Terms and Conditions and the Plan are available on the Company’s intranet.
     
 
  PARTICIPANT
 
   
 
   
 
  Signature
By his or her signature below, the spouse of the Participant, if Participant is legally married as of the date of his or her execution of this Term Sheet, acknowledges that he or she has read this Term Sheet, the Standard Terms and Conditions and the Plan and is familiar with the terms and provisions thereof, and agrees to be bound by all the terms and conditions of this Term Sheet, the Standard Terms and Conditions and the Plan.
     
 
   
 
  Signature of Spouse
OR
By his or her signature below, the Participant represents that he or she is not legally married as of the date of execution of this Term Sheet.
     
 
  PARTICIPANT
 
   
 
   
 
  Signature

 

 


 

SPECTRUM PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
STANDARD TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR
STOCK OPTIONS
These Standard Terms and Conditions apply to any Options granted under the Spectrum Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 2009 Incentive Award Plan (the “Plan”), which may be classified as either nonqualified stock options or incentive stock options and are evidenced by a Term Sheet or an action of the Administrator that specifically refers to these Standard Terms and Conditions. Capitalized terms not otherwise defined herein shall have the meaning set forth in the Plan.
1.  
TERMS OF OPTION
 
   
SPECTRUM PHARMACEUTICALS, INC. (the “Company”), has granted to the Participant named in the Term Sheet provided to said Participant herewith (the “Term Sheet”) a stock option (the “Option”) to purchase up to the number of shares of the Company’s common stock (the “Common Stock”), set forth in the Term Sheet, at the purchase price per share and upon the other terms and subject to the conditions set forth in the Term Sheet, these Standard Terms and Conditions (as amended from time to time), and the Plan. For purposes of these Standard Terms and Conditions and the Term Sheet, any reference to the Company shall include a reference to any Subsidiary.
 
2.  
EXERCISE OF OPTION
 
   
The Option shall continue to vest, in accordance with the Vesting Schedule set forth on the Term Sheet, so long as Participant remains in Continuous Service with the Company. Participant may exercise any vested portion of the Option at any time prior to the Expiration Date of the Option.
 
   
To exercise the Option (or any part thereof), Participant shall provide notice to the Company specifying the number of whole shares of Common Stock Participant wishes to purchase and how Participant’s shares of Common Stock should be registered (in Participant’s name only or in Participant’s and Participant’s spouse’s names as community property or as joint tenants with right of survivorship).
 
   
The exercise price (the “Exercise Price”) of the Option is set forth in the Term Sheet. The Company shall not be obligated to issue any shares of Common Stock until Participant shall have paid the total Exercise Price for that number of shares of Common Stock. The Exercise Price may be paid as permitted in the Plan.
 
   
Fractional shares will not be issued. Shares of Common Stock will be issued as soon as practical after exercise. Notwithstanding the above, the Company shall not be obligated to deliver any shares of Common Stock during any period when the Company determines that the exercisability of the Option or the delivery of shares hereunder would violate any federal, state or other applicable laws.

 

 


 

3.  
EXPIRATION OF OPTION
 
   
The Option shall expire and cease to be exercisable ten (10) years after the Grant Date of the Option (the Expiration Date), except as provided in this Section 3.
  A.  
In the event that the Participant’s Continuous Service is terminated as a result of the death of the Participant or Participant dies during the three month period set forth in Section 3.C below, (i) any part of the Option that is unexercisable as of such termination date shall remain unexercisable and shall terminate as of such date, and (ii) any part of the Option that is exercisable as of such termination date shall expire upon the earlier of one year following the date of termination of the Participant’s Continuous Service or the Expiration Date of the Option.
 
  B.  
In the event that the Participant’s Continuous Service is terminated as a result of the Disability of the Participant, (i) any part of the Option that is unexercisable as of such termination date shall remain unexercisable and shall terminate as of such date, and (ii) any part of the Option that is exercisable as of such termination date shall expire upon the earlier of one year following the date of termination of the Participant’s Continuous Service or the Expiration Date of the Option.
 
  C.  
In the event that the Participant’s Continuous Service with the Company is terminated for any reason other than the death or Disability of the Participant, (i) any part of the Option that is unexercisable as of such termination date shall remain unexercisable and shall terminate as of such date, and (ii) any part of the Option that is exercisable as of such termination date shall expire upon the earlier of three months following such termination date or the Expiration Date of the Option.
4.  
RESTRICTIONS ON RESALES OF OPTION SHARES
 
   
The Company may impose such restrictions, conditions or limitations as it determines appropriate as to the timing and manner of any resales by the Participant or other subsequent transfers by the Participant of any shares of Common Stock issued as a result of the exercise of the Option, including without limitation (a) restrictions under an insider trading policy, (b) restrictions designed to delay and/or coordinate the timing and manner of sales by Participant and other optionholders, (c) restrictions as to the use of a specified brokerage firm for such resales or other transfers or (d) restrictions under federal or state securities laws.
 
5.  
INCOME TAXES
 
   
To the extent required by applicable federal, state, local or foreign law, the Participant shall make arrangements satisfactory to the Company for the satisfaction of any withholding tax obligations that arise by reason of an Option exercise or disposition of shares issued as a result of an Option exercise. The Company shall not be required to issue shares or to recognize the disposition of such shares until such obligations are satisfied.
 
6.  
TRANSFERABILITY OF OPTION
 
   
The Participant may not assign or transfer the Option (if intended to qualify as an incentive stock option under Section 422 of the Code) to anyone other than except by will, the laws of descent and distribution or pursuant to a DRO entered by a court in settlement of marital property rights, and during the life of the Participant, Options shall be exercisable only by the Participant.

 

 


 

   
If this Option does not qualify as an incentive stock option under Section 422 of the Code, then the Participant may transfer some or all of his or her Nonqualified Options to one or more “family members,” which is not a “prohibited transfer for value,” provided that (i) the Participant (or such Participant’s estate or representative) shall remain obligated to satisfy all income or other tax withholding obligations associated with the exercise of such Nonqualified Option; (ii) the Participant shall notify the Company in writing that such transfer has occurred and disclose to the Company the name and address of the “family member” or “family members” and their relationship to the Participant, and (iii) such transfer shall be effected pursuant to transfer documents in a form approved by the Committee. For purposes of the foregoing, the terms “family members” and “prohibited transfer for value” have the meaning ascribed to them in the General Instructions to form S-8 (or any successor form) promulgated under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.
 
   
Any attempt to sell, pledge, assign, hypothecate, transfer or dispose of an Option in contravention of the Plan or these Standard Terms and Conditions shall be void and shall have no effect.
 
7.  
REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES
 
   
Participant acknowledges that the Company may issue the shares of Common Stock upon the exercise of the Option without registering such shares under the Securities Act, on the basis of certain exemptions from such registration requirement. Accordingly, Participant agrees that his or her exercise of the Option may be expressly conditioned upon his or her delivery to the Company of an investment certificate including such representations and undertakings as the Company may reasonably require in order to assure the availability of such exemptions, including a representation that Participant is acquiring the shares of Common Stock for investment and not with a present intention of selling or otherwise disposing thereof and an agreement by Participant that the certificates evidencing the shares of Common Stock may bear a legend indicating such non-registration under the Securities Act and the resulting restrictions on transfer. Participant acknowledges that, because shares of Common Stock received upon exercise of an Option may be unregistered, Participant may be required to hold the shares of Common Stock indefinitely unless they are subsequently registered for resale under the Securities Act or an exemption from such registration is available.
 
   
Participant hereby acknowledges that federal securities laws and the securities laws of the state in which he or she resides may require the placement of certain restrictive legends upon the shares of Common Stock issued upon exercise of this Option, and Participant hereby consents to the placing of any such legends upon certificates evidencing the shares of Common Stock as the Company may deem necessary or advisable.
 
8.  
THE PLAN AND OTHER AGREEMENTS
 
   
In addition to these Standard Terms and Conditions, the Option shall be subject to the terms of the Plan, which are incorporated into these Standard Terms and Conditions by this reference. A copy of the Plan, and the accompanying prospectus, is available at the Company’s intranet site.
 
   
The Term Sheet, these Standard Terms and Conditions and the Plan constitute the entire understanding between the Participant and the Company regarding the Option. Any prior agreements, commitments or negotiations concerning the Option are superseded.

 

 


 

9.  
LIMITATION OF INTEREST IN SHARES SUBJECT TO OPTION
 
   
Neither the Participant (individually or as a member of a group) nor any beneficiary or other person claiming under or through the Participant shall have any right, title, interest, or privilege in or to any shares of Common Stock allocated or reserved for the purpose of the Plan or subject to the Term Sheet or these Standard Terms and Conditions except as to such shares of Common Stock, if any, as shall have been issued to such person upon exercise of the Option or any part of it. Nothing in the Plan, in the Term Sheet, these Standard Terms and Conditions or any other instrument executed pursuant to the Plan shall confer upon the Participant any right to continue in the Company’s employ or service nor limit in any way the Company’s right to terminate the Participant’s Continuous Service at any time for any reason.
 
10.  
DEFINITIONS
 
   
For purposes of these Standard Terms and Conditions, the following defined terms shall have the meaning ascribed below:
 
   
“Continuous Service” means (i) employment by either the Company or any Subsidiary, or by a corporation or a parent or subsidiary of a corporation issuing or assuming a stock option in a transaction to which Section 424(a) of the Code applies, which is uninterrupted except for vacations, illness (except for Disability), or leaves of absence which are approved in writing by the Company or such other employer corporation (and in the case of an incentive stock option, the leave of absence cannot exceed 90 days unless reemployment following the leave is guaranteed by contract or statute), (ii) service as a member of the Board until Participant dies, resigns, is removed from office, or Participant’s term of office expires and he or she is not reelected, or (iii) so long as Participant is engaged as Service Provider to the Company or other corporation referred to in clause (i) above.
 
11.  
GENERAL
 
   
In the event that any provision of these Standard Terms and Conditions is declared to be illegal, invalid or otherwise unenforceable by a court of competent jurisdiction, such provision shall be reformed, if possible, to the extent necessary to render it legal, valid and enforceable, or otherwise deleted, and the remainder of these Standard Terms and Conditions shall not be affected except to the extent necessary to reform or delete such illegal, invalid or unenforceable provision.
 
   
The headings preceding the text of the sections hereof are inserted solely for convenience of reference, and shall not constitute a part of these Standard Terms and Conditions, nor shall they affect its meaning, construction or effect.
 
   
These Standard Terms and Conditions shall inure to the benefit of and be binding upon the parties hereto and their respective permitted heirs, beneficiaries, successors and assigns.
 
   
All questions arising under the Plan or under these Standard Terms and Conditions shall be decided by the Administrator in its sole and absolute discretion.

 

 


 

12.  
SPECIAL TAX CONSEQUENCES
 
   
The Participant acknowledges that, to the extent that the aggregate fair market value of stock with respect to which “incentive stock options” (within the meaning of Section 422 of the Code, but without regard to Section 422(d) of the Code) granted hereby and all other incentive stock options granted by the Company or any Subsidiary to Participant that are exercisable for the first time by the Participant during any calendar year exceeds $100,000, such options shall be treated for all purposes as not qualifying under Section 422 of the Code and therefore shall be subject to taxation as non-qualified options. The Participant further acknowledges that the rules set forth in the preceding sentence shall be applied by taking options into account in the order in which they were granted. For purposes of these rules, the fair market value of stock shall be determined as of the time the option with respect to such option is granted. These rules may be changed by the IRS at any time.
 
13.  
“MARKET STAND-OFF” CONDITIONS
 
   
Participant agrees that, if requested by the Company, Participant will not sell or otherwise transfer or dispose of any shares held by Participant without the prior written consent of the Company during such period of time.
 
14.  
INTERPRETATION
 
   
This Option is granted pursuant to the terms of the Plan, and shall in all respects be interpreted in accordance therewith. The Committee shall have the power to interpret the Plan, the Term Sheet and these Standard Terms and Conditions and to adopt such rules for the administration, interpretation and application of the Plan as are consistent therewith and to interpret or revoke any such rules. Any action, decision, interpretation or determination by the Committee shall be final, binding and conclusive on the Company and the Participant. No member of the Committee shall be personally liable for any action, determination or interpretation made in good faith with respect to the Plan or the Option. Notwithstanding the provision of Sections 10.1(a) — 10.1(d) of the Plan, the Committee shall have the discretion to provide terms and conditions regarding (i) the vesting of this Option in the event of a Change in Control, and/or (ii) the assumption of this Option or issuance of comparable securities or new incentives in the event of a Change in Control.
 
15.  
NOTICES
 
   
Any notice, demand or request required or permitted to be given under the Term Sheet and these Standard Terms and Conditions shall be in writing and shall be deemed given when delivered personally or three (3) days after being deposited in the United States mail, as certified or registered mail, with postage prepaid, and addressed, if to the Company, at its principal place of business, Attention: Legal Department, and if to the Participant, at his or her most recent address as shown in the employment or stock records of the Company.

 

 


 

16.  
GOVERNING LAW
 
   
The validity, construction, interpretation, and effect of this Option shall be governed by and determined in accordance with the laws of the State of California.
17.  
SEVERABILITY
 
   
Should any provision or portions of this Agreement be held to be unenforceable or invalid for any reason, the remaining provisions and portions of this Agreement shall be unaffected by such holding.
 
18.  
COUNTERSIGNATURE
 
   
The Term Sheet may be executed in two or more counterparts, each of which shall be deemed an original and all of which together shall be deemed one instrument, and is incorporated herein.

 

 

Exhibit 10.9
Exhibit 10.9
SPECTRUM PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
TERM SHEET FOR 2009 INCENTIVE AWARD PLAN
NONQUALIFIED STOCK OPTION AWARD
AWARDED TO NON-EMPLOYEE DIRECTORS
FOR GOOD AND VALUABLE CONSIDERATION, Spectrum Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (the “Company”), hereby grants to the Participant named below a nonqualified stock option (the “Option”) to purchase any part or all of the number of shares of its common stock (the “Common Stock”), that are covered by this Option, as specified below, at the Exercise Price per share specified below and upon the terms and subject to the conditions set forth in this Term Sheet, the Spectrum Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 2009 Incentive Award Plan (the “Plan”) and the Standard Terms and Conditions (the “Standard Terms and Conditions”) promulgated under such Plan, each as amended from time to time. This Option is granted pursuant to the Plan and is subject to and qualified in its entirety by the Standard Terms and Conditions.
         
Name of Participant:
       
Grant Date:
       
Number of Shares of Common Stock covered by Option:
       
Exercise Price Per Share:
  $    
Vesting Schedule:
       
This Option is not intended to qualify as an incentive stock option under Section 422 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended. By accepting this Term Sheet, Participant acknowledges that he or she has received and read, and agrees that this Option shall be subject to, and Participant shall comply with, the terms of this Term Sheet, the Plan and the Standard Terms and Conditions.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the Company has caused this Option to be executed by its duly authorized officer.
         
 
  SPECTRUM PHARMACEUTIALS, INC.    
 
       
 
       
 
  Name    
 
  Title    
[Participant/Spouse Signature page follows on the reverse side of this Term Sheet]

 

 


 

PARTICIPANT’S ACCEPTANCE
The undersigned hereby accepts the foregoing Option and agrees to the terms and conditions thereof. The undersigned hereby acknowledges that a copy of the Standard Terms and Conditions and the Plan are available on the Company’s intranet.
         
 
  PARTICIPANT    
 
       
 
       
 
  Signature    
By his or her signature below, the spouse of the Participant, if Participant is legally married as of the date of his or her execution of this Term Sheet, acknowledges that he or she has read this Term Sheet, the Standard Terms and Conditions and the Plan and is familiar with the terms and provisions thereof, and agrees to be bound by all the terms and conditions of this Term Sheet, the Standard Terms and Conditions and the Plan.
         
 
 
 
Signature of Spouse
   
OR
By his or her signature below, the Participant represents that he or she is not legally married as of the date of execution of this Term Sheet.
         
 
  PARTICIPANT    
 
       
 
 
 
Signature
   

 

 


 

SPECTRUM PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
STANDARD TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR
NONQUALIFIED STOCK OPTION AWARD
GRANTED TO NON-EMPLOYEE DIRECTORS
These Standard Terms and Conditions apply to any Options granted under the Spectrum Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 2009 Incentive Award Plan (the “Plan”) to non-employee members of the Company’s Board of Directors, which are identified as nonqualified stock options and are evidenced by a Term Sheet or an action of the Administrator that specifically refers to these Standard Terms and Conditions. Capitalized terms not otherwise defined herein shall have the meaning set forth in the Plan.
1.  
TERMS OF OPTION
 
   
SPECTRUM PHARMACEUTICALS, INC. (the “Company”), has granted to the Participant named in the Term Sheet provided to said Participant herewith (the “Term Sheet”) a nonqualified stock option (the “Option”) to purchase up to the number of shares of the Company’s common stock (the “Common Stock”), set forth in the Term Sheet, at the purchase price per share and upon the other terms and subject to the conditions set forth in the Term Sheet, these Standard Terms and Conditions (as amended from time to time), and the Plan. For purposes of these Standard Terms and Conditions and the Term Sheet, any reference to the Company shall include a reference to any Subsidiary.
 
2.  
NON-QUALIFIED STOCK OPTION
 
   
The Option is not intended to be an incentive stock option under Section 422 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”) and will be interpreted accordingly.
 
3.  
EXERCISE OF OPTION
 
   
The Option shall continue to vest, in accordance with the Vesting Schedule set forth on the Term Sheet, so long as Participant remains a member of the Board. Participant may exercise any vested portion of the Option at any time prior to the Expiration Date of the Option.
 
   
To exercise the Option (or any part thereof), Participant shall provide notice to the Company specifying the number of whole shares of Common Stock Participant wishes to purchase and how Participant’s shares of Common Stock should be registered (in Participant’s name only or in Participant’s and Participant’s spouse’s names as community property or as joint tenants with right of survivorship).
 
   
The exercise price (the “Exercise Price”) of the Option is set forth in the Term Sheet. The Company shall not be obligated to issue any shares of Common Stock until Participant shall have paid the total Exercise Price for that number of shares of Common Stock. The Exercise Price may be paid as permitted in the Plan.
 
   
Fractional shares will not be issued. Shares of Common Stock will be issued as soon as practical after exercise. Notwithstanding the above, the Company shall not be obligated to deliver any shares of Common Stock during any period when the Company determines that the exercisability of the Option or the delivery of shares hereunder would violate any federal, state or other applicable laws.

 

 


 

4.  
EXPIRATION OF OPTION
 
   
The Option shall expire and cease to be exercisable ten (10) years after the Grant Date of the Option (the Expiration Date), except as provided in this Section 4.
  A.  
This Option shall expire and cease to be exercisable upon the earlier of the Expiration Date of the Option or the expiration of five (5) years from the date of termination of Participant’s Continuous Service if such termination occurs for any reason other than (i) removal from office by action of the Board or the stockholders of the Company, or (ii) a failure to be elected as a director by the stockholders at any meeting of the stockholders at which Participant was a candidate for election to the Board, or (iii) Participant resigning from the Board prior to the expiration of his or her term of office.
 
  B.  
This Option shall expire and cease to be exercisable upon the earlier of the Expiration Date of the Option or the expiration of three (3) months from the date of termination of Participant’s Continuous Service if such termination is due to (i) removal from office by action of the Board or the stockholders of the Company, or (ii) a failure to be elected as a director by the stockholders at any meeting of the stockholders at which Participant was a candidate for election to the Board, or (iii) Participant resigning from the Board prior to the expiration of his or her term of office.
5.  
RESTRICTIONS ON RESALES OF OPTION SHARES
 
   
The Company may impose such restrictions, conditions or limitations as it determines appropriate as to the timing and manner of any resales by the Participant or other subsequent transfers by the Participant of any shares of Common Stock issued as a result of the exercise of the Option, including without limitation (a) restrictions under an insider trading policy, (b) restrictions designed to delay and/or coordinate the timing and manner of sales by Participant and other optionholders, (c) restrictions as to the use of a specified brokerage firm for such resales or other transfers or (d) restrictions under federal or state securities laws.
 
6.  
INCOME TAXES
 
   
To the extent required by applicable federal, state, local or foreign law, the Participant shall make arrangements satisfactory to the Company for the satisfaction of any withholding tax obligations that arise by reason of an Option exercise or disposition of shares issued as a result of an Option exercise. The Company shall not be required to issue shares or to recognize the disposition of such shares until such obligations are satisfied.
 
7.  
NON-TRANSFERABILITY OF OPTION
 
   
The Participant may transfer some or all of his or her Options to one or more “family members,” which is not a “prohibited transfer for value,” provided that (i) the Participant (or such Participant’s estate or representative) shall remain obligated to satisfy all income or other tax withholding obligations associated with the exercise of such Option; (ii) the Participant shall notify the Company in writing that such transfer has occurred and disclose to the Company the name and address of the “family member” or “family members” and their relationship to the Participant, and (iii) such transfer shall be effected pursuant to transfer documents in a form approved by the Committee. For purposes of the foregoing, the terms “family members” and “prohibited transfer for value” have the meaning ascribed to them in the General Instructions to form S-8 (or any successor form) promulgated under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.

 

 


 

8.  
THE PLAN AND OTHER AGREEMENTS
 
   
In addition to these Standard Terms and Conditions, the Option shall be subject to the terms of the Plan, which are incorporated into these Standard Terms and Conditions by this reference. A copy of the Plan, and the accompanying prospectus, is available at the Company’s intranet site.
 
   
The Term Sheet, these Standard Terms and Conditions and the Plan constitute the entire understanding between the Participant and the Company regarding the Option. Any prior agreements, commitments or negotiations concerning the Option are superseded.
 
9.  
LIMITATION OF INTEREST IN SHARES SUBJECT TO OPTION
 
   
Neither the Participant (individually or as a member of a group) nor any beneficiary or other person claiming under or through the Participant shall have any right, title, interest, or privilege in or to any shares of Common Stock allocated or reserved for the purpose of the Plan or subject to the Term Sheet or these Standard Terms and Conditions except as to such shares of Common Stock, if any, as shall have been issued to such person upon exercise of the Option or any part of it. Nothing in the Plan, in the Term Sheet, these Standard Terms and Conditions or any other instrument executed pursuant to the Plan shall confer upon the Participant any employment rights or any rights to continue as a director with the Board or in service to the Company.
 
10.  
GENERAL
 
   
In the event that any provision of these Standard Terms and Conditions is declared to be illegal, invalid or otherwise unenforceable by a court of competent jurisdiction, such provision shall be reformed, if possible, to the extent necessary to render it legal, valid and enforceable, or otherwise deleted, and the remainder of these Standard Terms and Conditions shall not be affected except to the extent necessary to reform or delete such illegal, invalid or unenforceable provision.
 
   
The headings preceding the text of the sections hereof are inserted solely for convenience of reference, and shall not constitute a part of these Standard Terms and Conditions, nor shall they affect its meaning, construction or effect.
 
   
These Standard Terms and Conditions shall inure to the benefit of and be binding upon the parties hereto and their respective permitted heirs, beneficiaries, successors and assigns.
 
   
All questions arising under the Plan or under these Standard Terms and Conditions shall be decided by the Administrator in its sole and absolute discretion.
 
12.  
“MARKET STAND-OFF” CONDITIONS
 
   
Participant agrees that, if requested by the Company, Participant will not sell or otherwise transfer or dispose of any shares held by Participant without the prior written consent of the Company during such period of time.

 

 


 

13.  
INTERPRETATION
 
   
This Option is granted pursuant to the terms of the Plan, and shall in all respects be interpreted in accordance therewith. The Committee shall have the power to interpret the Plan, the Term Sheet and these Standard Terms and Conditions and to adopt such rules for the administration, interpretation and application of the Plan as are consistent therewith and to interpret or revoke any such rules. Any action, decision, interpretation or determination by the Committee shall be final, binding and conclusive on the Company and the Participant. No member of the Committee shall be personally liable for any action, determination or interpretation made in good faith with respect to the Plan or the Option. Notwithstanding the provision of Sections 10.1(a) — 10.1(d) of the Plan, the Committee shall have the discretion to provide terms and conditions regarding (i) the vesting of this Option in the event of a Change in Control, and/or (ii) the assumption of this Option or issuance of comparable securities or new incentives in the event of a Change in Control.
 
14.  
NOTICES
 
   
Any notice, demand or request required or permitted to be given under the Term Sheet and these Standard Terms and Conditions shall be in writing and shall be deemed given when delivered personally or three (3) days after being deposited in the United States mail, as certified or registered mail, with postage prepaid, and addressed, if to the Company, at its principal place of business, Attention: Legal Department, and if to the Participant, at his or her most recent address as shown in the employment or stock records of the Company.
 
15.  
GOVERNING LAW
 
   
The validity, construction, interpretation, and effect of this Option shall be governed by and determined in accordance with the laws of the State of California.
 
16.  
SEVERABILITY
 
   
Should any provision or portions of this Agreement be held to be unenforceable or invalid for any reason, the remaining provisions and portions of this Agreement shall be unaffected by such holding.
 
17.  
COUNTERSIGNATURE
 
   
The Term Sheet may be executed in two or more counterparts, each of which shall be deemed an original and all of which together shall be deemed one instrument, and is incorporated herein.

 

 

Exhibit 10.10
Exhibit 10.10
SPECTRUM PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
TERM SHEET FOR 2009 INCENTIVE AWARD PLAN
RESTRICTED STOCK AWARD
FOR GOOD AND VALUABLE CONSIDERATION, Spectrum Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (the “Company”), hereby awards to the Purchaser named below (the “Award”) the number of shares of its common stock (the “Common Stock”), that are covered by this Award, as specified below upon the terms and subject to the conditions set forth in this Term Sheet, the Spectrum Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 2009 Incentive Award Plan (the “Plan”) and the Standard Terms and Conditions (the “Standard Terms and Conditions”) promulgated under such Plan, each as amended from time to time (the Term Sheet and the Standard Terms and Conditions, as in effect at the time of the execution of the Term Sheet, together constituting the “Award Agreement” between the Purchaser and the Company). This Award is granted pursuant to the Plan and is subject to and qualified in its entirety by the Standard Terms and Conditions.
     
Name of the Purchaser:
   
Award Date:
   
Number of Shares of Restricted Stock:
   
Vesting Schedule:
   
By accepting this Term Sheet, Participant acknowledges that he or she has received and read, and agrees that this Award shall be subject to, the terms of this Term Sheet, the Plan and the Standard Terms and Conditions.
Purchaser acknowledges that Purchaser has been advised to consult his or her personal tax advisor as to the specific tax consequences of this Award and whether an election of Section 83(b) of the Internal Revenue Code, as amended, with respect to this Award will be in Purchaser’s best interests in light of Purchaser’s personal tax situation.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the Company has caused this Restricted Stock Award to be executed by its duly authorized officer.
     
 
  SPECTRUM PHARMACEUTIALS, INC.
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
  Name
 
  Title
[Participant/Spouse Signature page follows on the reverse side of this Term Sheet]

 

 


 

PARTICIPANT’S ACCEPTANCE
The undersigned hereby accepts the foregoing Restricted Stock Award and agrees to the terms and conditions thereof. The undersigned hereby acknowledges that a copy of the Standard Terms and Conditions and the Plan are available on the Company’s intranet.
     
 
  PARTICIPANT
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
  Signature
By his or her signature below, the spouse of the Participant, if Participant is legally married as of the date of his or her execution of this Term Sheet, acknowledges that he or she has read this Term Sheet, the Standard Terms and Conditions and the Plan and is familiar with the terms and provisions thereof, and agrees to be bound by all the terms and conditions of this Term Sheet, the Standard Terms and Conditions and the Plan.
     
 
   
 
   
 
  Signature of Spouse
                    OR
By his or her signature below, the Participant represents that he or she is not legally married as of the date of execution of this Term Sheet.
     
 
  PARTICIPANT
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
  Signature

 

 


 

EXHIBIT A
TO
SPECTRUM PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
STANDARD TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR
RESTRICTED STOCK AWARDS
These Standard Terms and Conditions apply to any shares of Common Stock awarded under the Spectrum Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 2009 Incentive Award Plan (the “Plan”) to employees, members of the Company’s Board of Directors and other Service Providers, which are identified as shares of “Restricted Stock” and are evidenced by a Term Sheet or an action of the Administrator that specifically refers to these Standard Terms and Conditions. Capitalized terms not otherwise defined herein shall have the meaning set forth in the Plan.
1.  
TERMS OF RESTRICTED STOCK AWARD
 
   
In consideration for past services provided to Spectrum Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (the “Company”), the Company has granted (the “Award”) to the Purchaser named in the Term Sheet provided to said Purchaser herewith (the “Term Sheet”) the number of shares of its common stock (the “Restricted Stock”) that are covered by this Award, set forth in the Term Sheet, upon the other terms and subject to the conditions set forth in the Term Sheet, these Standard Terms and Conditions (as amended from time to time), and the Plan (the Term Sheet and the Standard Terms and Conditions, as in effect at the time of the execution of the Term Sheet, together constituting the “Award Agreement” between the Purchaser and the Company). For purposes of the Award Agreement, any reference to the Company shall include a reference to any Subsidiary.
 
2.  
VESTING OF RESTRICTED STOCK
  A.  
Subject to Section 2.B below, the shares of Restricted Stock shall become vested as specified in the box labeled “Vesting Schedule” on the Term Sheet. Each date upon which shares of Restricted Stock vest pursuant to the Vesting Schedule may constitute a taxable event (see Section 7, below).
 
  B.  
In the event that the Purchaser’s Continuous Service is terminated for any reason, any part of the Award that is unvested as of such termination date shall remain unvested (the “Unvested Shares”) and shall be subject to forfeiture as set forth in Section 3 below.
3.  
RECONVEYANCE UPON TERMINATION OF SERVICE
 
   
In the event that the Purchaser’s Continuous Service terminates for any reason, all of the Unvested Shares shall be immediately forfeited without any further action by the Company or the Purchaser. Upon the occurrence of such a forfeiture, the Company shall become the legal and beneficial owner of the Unvested Shares being forfeited and all rights and interests therein or relating thereto, and the Company shall have the right to retain and transfer to its own name the number of Shares being forfeited by Purchaser. In the event any of the Unvested Shares are forfeited under this Section 3, all shares of stock, capital stock or other securities or property received by or distributed to the Purchaser with respect to the Unvested Shares being forfeited shall also be forfeited.
 
4.  
RIGHTS AS A STOCKHOLDER
 
   
Except as otherwise provided herein, upon and execution of the Term Sheet by the Purchaser, the Purchaser shall have all the rights of a stockholder with respect to said shares of Restricted Stock, subject to the restrictions herein, including the right to vote the shares of Restricted Stock and to

 

 


 

   
receive all dividends or other distributions paid or made with respect to the shares of Restricted Stock; provided, however, that any and all cash dividends paid on such shares of Restricted Stock and any and all shares of stock, capital stock or other securities or property received by or distributed to the Purchaser with respect to the shares of Restricted Stock as a result of any stock dividend, stock split, reverse stock split, recapitalization, combination, merger, sale, reclassification, or similar change in the capital structure of the Company shall also be subject to forfeiture in accordance with Section 3 and the restrictions on transfer in Section 8 until shares are no longer Unvested Shares.
   
Certificates or equivalent electronic form evidencing shares of Restricted Stock shall remain in the possession of the Company until such shares have vested in accordance with the terms of the Term Sheet, and shall be released to the Purchaser in book-entry or equivalent electronic form upon vesting.
 
5.  
RESTRICTIONS ON RESALES OF AWARD SHARES
 
   
The Company may impose such restrictions, conditions or limitations as it determines appropriate as to the timing and manner of any resales by the Purchaser or other subsequent transfers by the Purchaser of any shares of Restricted Stock awarded pursuant to the Award Agreement, including without limitation (a) restrictions under an insider trading policy, (b) restrictions designed to delay and/or coordinate the timing and manner of sales by the Purchaser and other stockholders, (c) restrictions as to the use of a specified brokerage firm for such resales or other transfers or (d) restrictions under federal or state securities laws.
 
6.  
ADJUSTMENTS TO RESTRICTED STOCK
 
   
Upon or in contemplation of any reclassification, recapitalization, stock split, reverse stock split or stock dividend; any merger, combination, consolidation or other reorganization; any split-up, spin-off, or similar extraordinary dividend distribution in respect of the Common Stock (whether in the form of securities or property); any exchange of Common Stock or other securities of the Company, or any similar, unusual or extraordinary corporate transaction in respect of the Common Stock; or a sale of substantially all the assets of the Company as an entirety; then the Company shall, in its sole discretion and in such manner, to such extent (if any) and at such time as it deems appropriate and equitable in the circumstances, make adjustments if appropriate in the number of shares of Restricted Stock awarded.
 
7.  
INCOME TAXES
  A.  
The Purchaser (and not the Company) shall be responsible for the Purchaser’s own tax liability that may arise as a result of the acquisition of the shares of Restricted Stock. The Purchaser shall consider the advisability of all tax elections in connection with the purchase of the shares of Restricted Stock, including the making of an election under Section 83(b) under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (“Code”); the Company has no responsibility for the making of such Section 83(b) election. In the event the Purchaser determines to make a Section 83(b) election, the Purchaser agrees to timely provide a copy of the election to the Company as required under the Code.
 
  B.  
Withholding.
  1.  
The Company shall be entitled to require payment of any sums required by federal, state or local tax law to be withheld with respect to the transfer of the Restricted Stock or the lapse of the Repurchase Right with respect to the Restricted Stock, or any other taxable event related thereto. The Company may permit the Purchaser to make such payment in one or more of the forms specified below:

 

 


 

  (a)  
by cash or check made payable to the Company;
 
  (b)  
by the deduction of such amount from other compensation payable to the Purchaser;
 
  (c)  
by tendering Shares which are not subject to the Repurchase Right and which have a then current Fair Market Value not greater than the amount necessary to satisfy the Company’s withholding obligation based on the minimum statutory withholding rates for federal, state and local income tax and payroll tax purposes; or
 
  (d)  
in any combination of the foregoing.
  2.  
In the event the Purchaser fails to provide timely payment of all sums required by the Company pursuant to Section 7.B., the Company shall have the right and option, but not obligation, to treat such failure as an election by the Purchaser to provide all or any portion of such required payment by means of tendering Shares in accordance with Section 7.B(1)(c).
8.  
TRANSFERABILITY OF RESTRICTED STOCK
 
   
Until vested, shares of Restricted Stock may not be sold, pledged or otherwise encumbered or disposed of and shall not be assignable or transferable except by will, the laws of descent and distribution or pursuant to a DRO entered by a court in settlement of marital property rights, except as specifically provided in the Award Agreement.
 
   
Any share certificate(s) evidencing any Unvested Shares shall be endorsed with the following legend and any other legend(s) that may be required by any applicable federal or state securities laws:
“THE SHARES REPRESENTED BY THIS CERTIFICATE ARE SUBJECT TO FORFEITURE IN FAVOR OF THE COMPANY AND MAY BE TRANSFERRED ONLY IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE TERMS OF ARESTRICTED STOCK AWARD TERM SHEET, THE PLAN AND STANDARD TERMS AND CONDITIONS GOVERNING SUCH SHARES, ALL OF WHICH ARE ON FILE WITH THE SECRETARY OF THE COMPANY.”
The Purchaser agrees that, in order to ensure compliance with the restrictions referred to herein, the Company may issue appropriate “stop transfer” instructions to its transfer agent, if any, and that, if the Company transfers its own securities, it may make appropriate notations to the same effect in its own records.
The Company shall not be required (1) to transfer on its books any shares of Restricted Stock that have been sold or otherwise transferred in violation of any of the provisions of these Standard Terms and Conditions, or (2) to treat as owner of such shares of Restricted Stock or to accord the right to vote or pay dividends to any purchaser or other transferee to whom such shares shall have been so transferred.

 

 


 

9.  
THE PLAN AND OTHER AGREEMENTS
 
   
In addition to these Standard Terms and Conditions, the Award shall be subject to the terms of the Plan, which are incorporated into these Standard Terms and Conditions by this reference. A copy of the Plan, and the accompanying prospectus, is available at the Company’s intranet site.
 
   
The Standard Terms and Conditions and the Plan constitute the entire understanding between the Purchaser and the Company regarding the Award. Any prior agreements, commitments or negotiations concerning the Award are superseded.
 
   
Notwithstanding any other provision of the Plan or the Award Agreement, if Purchaser is subject to Section 16 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), the Plan, the shares of Restricted Stock and the Award Agreement shall be subject to any additional limitations set forth in any applicable exemptive rule under Section 16 of the Exchange Act (including any amendment to Rule 16b-3 of the Exchange Act) that are requirements for the application of such exemptive rule. To the extent permitted by applicable law, the Award Agreement shall be deemed amended to the extent necessary to conform to such applicable exemptive rule.
 
10.  
NO EMPLOYMENT RIGHT
 
   
Nothing in the Plan, in the Award Agreement or any other instrument executed pursuant to the Plan shall confer upon the Purchaser any right to continue in the Company’s employ or service nor limit in any way the Company’s right to terminate the Purchaser’s Continuous Service at any time for any reason.
 
   
Notwithstanding anything in the Award Agreement or the Plan to the contrary, the Award Agreement shall be governed by and are subject to the terms and conditions of the Purchaser’s employment agreement, if applicable, with the Company.
 
11.  
DEFINITIONS
 
   
For purposes of these Standard Terms and Conditions, the following defined terms shall have the meaning ascribed below:
 
   
“Continuous Service” means (i) employment by either the Company or any Subsidiary, or by a corporation or a parent or subsidiary of a corporation that provides for the continuance or assumption of the Award Agreement or the substitution for the Award Agreement of a new agreement of comparable value covering shares of a successor corporation (with appropriate adjustments as to the number and kind of shares and the purchase price), which is uninterrupted except for vacations, illness (except for Disability), or leaves of absence which are approved in writing by the Company or such other employer corporation, (ii) service as a member of the Board until the Purchaser dies, resigns, is removed from office, or the Purchaser’s term of office expires and he or she is not reelected, or (iii) so long as the Purchaser is engaged as Service Provider to the Company or other corporation referred to in clause (i) above.
 
12.  
GENERAL
 
   
In the event that any provision of these Standard Terms and Conditions is declared to be illegal, invalid or otherwise unenforceable by a court of competent jurisdiction, such provision shall be reformed, if possible, to the extent necessary to render it legal, valid and enforceable, or otherwise deleted, and the remainder of these Standard Terms and Conditions shall not be affected except to the extent necessary to reform or delete such illegal, invalid or unenforceable provision.

 

 


 

The headings preceding the text of the sections hereof are inserted solely for convenience of reference, and shall not constitute a part of these Standard Terms and Conditions, nor shall they affect its meaning, construction or effect.
These Standard Terms and Conditions shall inure to the benefit of and be binding upon the parties hereto and their respective permitted heirs, beneficiaries, successors and assigns.
All questions arising under the Plan or under these Standard Terms and Conditions shall be decided by the Administrator in its sole and absolute discretion.
The validity, construction, interpretation, and effect of this Award Agreement shall be governed by and determined in accordance with the laws of the State of California.

 

 

Exhibit 10.11
Exhibit 10.11
Summary of Director Compensation
         
Annual Retainers:
       
Director
  $ 25,000  
In lieu of per meeting fees of the Board and Committees of the Board
  $ 25,000  
Lead Director
  $ 10,000  
Audit Committee — Chair
  $ 10,000  
Compensation Committee — Chair
  $ 10,000  

 

Exhibit 31.1
EXHIBIT 31.1
CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO
RULE 13a-14(a) OR RULE 15d-14(a) OF THE
SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
I, Rajesh C. Shrotriya, certify that:
1.  
I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of Spectrum Pharmaceuticals, Inc.;
2.  
Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
3.  
Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
4.  
The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:
  (a)  
Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;
  (b)  
Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;
  (c)  
Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and
  (d)  
Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and
5.  
The registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):
  (a)  
All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
  (b)  
Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.
         
     
Date: August 13, 2009  /s/ RAJESH C. SHROTRIYA    
  Rajesh C. Shrotriya   
  Chairman, Chief Executive Officer and President   

 

 

Exhibit 31.2
         
EXHIBIT 31.2
CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO
RULE 13a-14(a) OR RULE 15d-14(a) OF THE
SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
I, Shyam K. Kumaria, certify that:
1.  
I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of Spectrum Pharmaceuticals, Inc.;
2.  
Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
3.  
Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
4.  
The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:
  (a)  
Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;
  (b)  
Designed such internal controls over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;
  (c)  
Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and
  (d)  
Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and
5.  
The registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):
  (a)  
All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
  (b)  
Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.
         
     
Date: August 13, 2009  /s/ SHYAM K. KUMARIA    
  Shyam K. Kumaria   
  Vice President, Finance   

 

 

Exhibit 32.1
         
EXHIBIT 32.1
Certification
Pursuant to Rule 13a-14(b) or Rule 15d-14(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and 18 U.S.C. § 1350, as created by Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, the undersigned officer of Spectrum Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (the “Company”) hereby certifies, to such officer’s knowledge, that:
(i) the accompanying Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of the Company for the quarterly period ended June 30, 2009 (the “Report”) fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or Section 15(d), as applicable, of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended; and
(ii) the information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.
         
     
Dated: August 13, 2009  /s/ RAJESH C. SHROTRIYA    
  Rajesh C. Shrotriya   
  Chairman, Chief Executive Officer and President   
This certification accompanies the Quarterly Report pursuant to Rule 13a-14(b) or Rule 15d-14(b) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 and shall not be deemed filed by the Company for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

 

 

Exhibit 32.2
EXHIBIT 32.2
Certification
Pursuant to Rule 13a-14(b) or Rule 15d-14(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and 18 U.S.C. § 1350, as created by Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, the undersigned officer of Spectrum Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (the “Company”) hereby certifies, to such officer’s knowledge, that:
(i) the accompanying Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of the Company for the quarterly period ended June 30, 2009 (the “Report”) fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or Section 15(d), as applicable, of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended; and
(ii) the information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.
         
     
Dated: August 13, 2009  /s/ SHYAM K. KUMARIA    
  Shyam K. Kumaria   
  Vice President, Finance   
 
This certification accompanies the Quarterly Report pursuant to Rule 13a-14(b) or Rule 15d-14(b) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 and shall not be deemed filed by the Company for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.