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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q
 
ý
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2018
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from              to             
Commission File Number: 001-35006 
 
http://api.tenkwizard.com/cgi/image?quest=1&rid=23&ipage=12232845&doc=12
SPECTRUM PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Delaware
 
93-0979187
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
11500 South Eastern Avenue, Suite 240
Henderson, Nevada
 
89052
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
(702) 835-6300
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
 
¨
  
Accelerated filer
 
ý
Non-accelerated filer
 
¨ (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
  
Smaller reporting company
 
¨
 
 
 
 
Emerging Growth Company
 
¨
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  ý
As of April 30, 2018, 104,055,102 shares of the registrant’s common stock were outstanding.



Table of Contents

SPECTRUM PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q
FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2018
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Item
 
Page
 
PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
Item 1.
Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
 
 
 
 
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
 
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 6.
 
Items 2 through 5 of Part II have been omitted because they are not applicable with respect to the current reporting period.

SPECTRUM PHARMACEUTICALS, INC. ®, FUSILEV®, FOLOTYN®, ZEVALIN®, MARQIBO®, BELEODAQ® , EVOMELA®, and ROLONTIS® are registered trademarks of Spectrum Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and its affiliates. QAPZOLA, REDEFINING CANCER CARE™ and the Spectrum Pharmaceuticals’ logos are trademarks owned by Spectrum Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Any other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.



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PART I: FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1: CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
SPECTRUM PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except share and par value amounts)
(Unaudited)

March 31,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
ASSETS

 

Current assets:

 

Cash and cash equivalents
$
183,513

 
$
227,323

Marketable securities
48,403

 
248

Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $71 and $71, respectively
33,375

 
32,260

Other receivables
2,906

 
2,133

Inventories
5,028

 
5,715

Prepaid expenses and other assets
3,803

 
10,067

Total current assets
277,028

 
277,746

Property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation
593

 
589

Intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization
130,319

 
137,159

Goodwill
18,227

 
18,162

Other assets
18,106

 
53,783

Total assets
$
444,273

 
$
487,439

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

Current liabilities:

 

Accounts payable and other accrued liabilities
$
50,927

 
$
58,117

Accrued payroll and benefits
3,401

 
9,261

Deferred revenue

 
3,872

FOLOTYN development liability
275

 
275

Convertible senior notes
38,819

 
38,224

Total current liabilities
93,422

 
109,749

FOLOTYN development liability, less current portion
12,008

 
12,111

Deferred revenue, less current portion

 
315

Acquisition-related contingent obligations
6,563

 
6,272

Deferred tax liabilities
1,447

 
1,438

Other long-term liabilities
6,539

 
6,215

Total liabilities
119,979

 
136,100

Commitments and contingencies

 

Stockholders’ equity:

 

Preferred stock, $0.001 par value; 5,000,000 shares authorized; no shares issued and outstanding

 

Series B junior participating preferred stock, $0.001 par value; 1,500,000 shares authorized; no shares issued and outstanding

 

Series E convertible voting preferred stock, $0.001 par value and $10,000 stated value; 2,000 shares authorized; no shares issued and outstanding.

 

Common stock, $0.001 par value; 175,000,000 shares authorized; 103,935,398 and 100,742,735 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively
103

 
100

Additional paid-in capital
820,701

 
837,347

Accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income
(819
)
 
15,999

Accumulated deficit
(495,691
)
 
(502,107
)
Total stockholders’ equity
324,294

 
351,339

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$
444,273

 
$
487,439


See accompanying notes to these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

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SPECTRUM PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(In thousands, except share and per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
2018

2017
Revenues:



Product sales, net
$
28,111


$
25,845

License fees and service revenue
2,384


3,256

Total revenues
$
30,495


$
29,101

Operating costs and expenses:



Cost of sales (excludes amortization of intangible assets)
6,813


8,135

Cost of service revenue


2,103

Selling, general and administrative
24,104


19,104

Research and development
17,895


14,779

Amortization of intangible assets
6,947


6,889

Total operating costs and expenses
55,759


51,010

Loss from operations
(25,264
)

(21,909
)
Other income (expense):



Interest expense, net
(230
)

(2,052
)
Change in fair value of contingent consideration related to acquisitions
(291
)

(197
)
Other income, net
9,972


410

Total other income (expense)
9,451


(1,839
)
Loss before income taxes
(15,813
)

(23,748
)
(Provision) benefit for income taxes
(3
)

201

Net loss
$
(15,816
)

$
(23,547
)
Net loss per share:



Basic and diluted
$
(0.16
)

$
(0.30
)
Weighted average shares outstanding:



Basic and diluted
100,809,853


78,523,023

See accompanying notes to these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.


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SPECTRUM PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
2018
 
2017
Net loss
$
(15,816
)
 
$
(23,547
)
Other comprehensive (loss) income:

 

Unrealized gain on available-for-sale securities, net of income tax of $960 for the three months ended March 31, 2017

 
1,807

Cumulative effect of ASU 2016-01 adoption on January 1, 2018 for unrealized gains on equity securities, net of income tax; recorded as a reclassification to "accumulated deficit" (see Note 3(a))
(17,211
)
 

Foreign currency translation adjustments
393

 
152

Other comprehensive (loss) income
(16,818
)
 
1,959

Total comprehensive loss
$
(32,634
)
 
$
(21,588
)
See accompanying notes to these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.


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SPECTRUM PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
2018

2017
Cash Flows From Operating Activities:
 
 
 
Net loss
$
(15,816
)
 
$
(23,547
)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
6,995

 
6,982

Stock-based compensation
4,478

 
3,720

Accretion of debt discount on 2018 Convertible Notes, recorded to interest expense (Note 13)
533

 
1,381

Amortization of deferred financing costs on 2018 Convertible Notes, recorded to interest expense (Note 13)
61

 
166

Unrealized gains from transactions denominated in foreign currency
(8
)
 
(11
)
Change in cash surrender value of corporate-owned life insurance policy

 
(104
)
Deferred tax liabilities
9

 
74

Income tax recognition on unrealized gain for available-for-sale securities

 
(960
)
Unrealized gains on marketable securities (Note 3(a))
(10,196
)
 

Change in fair value of contingent consideration related to the Talon and EVOMELA acquisitions (Note 9)
291

 
197

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable, net
(583
)
 
310

Other receivables
(762
)
 
(190
)
Inventories
657

 
(1,204
)
Prepaid expenses
2,134

 
204

Other assets
(1,693
)
 
1,316

Accounts payable and other accrued obligations
(7,207
)
 
(4,269
)
Accrued payroll and benefits
(5,860
)
 
(3,807
)
FOLOTYN development liability
(103
)
 
(359
)
Deferred revenue

 
(296
)
Other long-term liabilities
325

 
270

Net cash used in operating activities
(26,745
)

(20,127
)
Cash Flows From Investing Activities:
 
 
 
Proceeds from redemption of corporate-owned life insurance policy
4,130

 

Redemption of mutual funds
(1
)
 
(1
)
Purchases of property and equipment
(52
)
 
(136
)
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities
4,077

 
(137
)
Cash Flows From Financing Activities:
 
 
 
Proceeds from employees for exercises of stock options
1,920

 
85

Proceeds from employees, for our remittance to tax authorities, related to employee vesting of restricted stock and stock option exercises
4,645

 

Payments to tax authorities related to employee surrender of vested restricted stock and stock option exercises
(27,686
)
 
(873
)
Net cash used in financing activities
(21,121
)
 
(788
)
Effect of exchange rates on cash and equivalents
(21
)
 
26

Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents
(43,810
)
 
(21,026
)
Cash and cash equivalents—beginning of period
227,323

 
158,222

Cash and cash equivalents—end of period
$
183,513

 
$
137,196

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:
 
 
 
Cash paid for income taxes
$

 
$

Cash paid for interest
$

 
$


See accompanying notes to these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

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Spectrum Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
 
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(all tabular amounts presented in thousands, except share, per share, per unit, and number of years)
(Unaudited)
1. DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS, BASIS OF PRESENTATION, AND OPERATING SEGMENT
(a) Description of Business
Spectrum Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (“Spectrum”, the “Company”, “we”, “our”, or “us”) is a biopharma company, with a primary strategy comprised of acquiring, developing, and commercializing a broad and diverse pipeline of late-stage clinical and commercial products. We have an in-house clinical development organization with regulatory and data management capabilities, and a commercial infrastructure and a field sales force for our marketed products. Currently, we have six approved oncology/hematology products (FUSILEV, FOLOTYN, ZEVALIN, MARQIBO, BELEODAQ, and EVOMELA) that target different types of cancer including: non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (“NHL”), advanced metastatic colorectal cancer, acute lymphoblastic leukemia, and multiple myeloma (“MM”).
We also have three drugs in mid-to-late stage development (in Phase 2 or Phase 3 clinical trials):
Poziotinib, a novel pan-HER inhibitor used in the treatment of patients with a variety of solid tumors, including breast and lung cancer.
ROLONTIS (formerly referred to as SPI-2012 or LAPS-G-CSF) for chemotherapy-induced neutropenia; and
QAPZOLA (formerly referred to as APAZIQUONE) for immediate intravesical instillation in post-transurethral resection of bladder tumors in patients with non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (“NMIBC”).
(b) Basis of Presentation
Interim Financial Statements
The interim financial data for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively, is unaudited, and is not necessarily indicative of our operating results for a full year. In the opinion of our management, the interim data includes normal and recurring adjustments necessary for a fair presentation of our financial results for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in annual financial statements prepared in accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) have been condensed or omitted pursuant to the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) rules and regulations relating to interim financial statements. The December 31, 2017 balances reported herein are derived from the audited Consolidated Financial Statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017. The accompanying Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements should be read in conjunction with our audited Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017, filed with the SEC on March 7, 2018.
Principles of Consolidation
The accompanying Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with GAAP and with the rules and regulations of the SEC. These financial statements include the financial position, results of operations, and cash flows of Spectrum and its subsidiaries, all of which are wholly-owned (except for Spectrum Pharma Canada (“SPC”), as discussed below). All inter-company accounts and transactions among these legal entities have been eliminated in consolidation.
Variable Interest Entity
We own fifty-percent of SPC, a legal entity organized in Quebec, Canada in January 2008. Some of our clinical studies are conducted through this “variable interest entity” (as defined under applicable GAAP). We fund all of SPC’s operating costs, and since we assume all risks and rewards for this entity, we meet the criteria as being its “primary beneficiary.” Accordingly,

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Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(all tabular amounts presented in thousands, except share, per share, per unit, and number of years)
(Unaudited)


SPC’s balance sheets and statements of operations are included in our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements as if it were a wholly-owned subsidiary for all periods presented.
(c) Operating Segment
We operate in one reportable operating segment that is focused exclusively on developing and commercializing oncology and hematology drug products. For the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, all of our revenue and related expenses were solely attributable to these activities. Substantially all of our assets (excluding our cash held in certain foreign bank accounts and our ZEVALIN distribution rights for the ex-U.S. territory) are held in the United States.
2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND USE OF ESTIMATES
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires our management to make informed estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues, and expenses. However, actual values may materially differ, since estimates are inherently uncertain. On an on-going basis, our management evaluates its estimates and assumptions, including those related to (i) gross-to-net revenue adjustments; (ii) the timing of revenue recognition; (iii) the collectability of customer accounts; (iv) whether the cost of our inventories can be recovered; (v) the recoverability of our reported goodwill and intangible assets; (vi) the realization of our tax assets and estimates of our tax liabilities; (vii) the likelihood of payment and value of contingent liabilities; (viii) the fair value of our investments; (ix) the valuation of our stock options and the periodic expense recognition of stock-based compensation; and (x) the potential outcome of our ongoing or threatened litigation.
Our accounting policies and estimates that most significantly impact the presented amounts within our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are further described below:
(i) Revenue Recognition
Impact of the New Revenue Recognition Standard: ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (“Topic 606”), became effective for us on January 1, 2018. Our disclosure within the below sections to this footnote reflects our updated accounting policies that are affected by this new standard. We applied the “modified retrospective” transition method for open contracts for the implementation of Topic 606; this resulted in the recognition of an aggregate $4.7 million, net of tax, decrease to our January 1, 2018 “accumulated deficit” on our accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets for the cumulative impact of applying this new standard. We made no adjustments to our previously-reported total revenues, as those periods continue to be presented in accordance with our historical accounting practices under Topic 605, Revenue Recognition. See Notes 4, 5, and 19 for additional quantitative and qualitative revenue disclosures in accordance with Topic 606.
Required Elements of Our Revenue Recognition: Revenue from our (a) product sales, (b) out-license arrangements, and (c) service arrangements is recognized under Topic 606 in a manner that reasonably reflects the delivery of our goods and/or services to customers in return for expected consideration and includes the following elements:
(1)
we ensure that we have an executed contract(s) with our customer that we believe is legally enforceable;
(2)
we identify the “performance obligations” in the the respective contract;
(3)
we determine the “transaction price” for each performance obligation in the the respective contract;
(4)
we allocate the transaction price to each performance obligation; and
(5)
we recognize revenue only when we satisfy each performance obligation.

    These five elements, as applied to each of our three revenue categories, are summarized below:
(a) Product Sales: We sell our products to pharmaceutical wholesalers/distributors (i.e., our customers), except for our U.S. sales of ZEVALIN in which case the end-user (i.e., clinic or hospital) is our customer. Our wholesalers/distributors in turn sell our products directly to clinics, hospitals, and private oncology-based practices. Revenue from our product sales is recognized as physical delivery of product occurs (when our customer obtains control of the product), in return for agreed-upon consideration.

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Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(all tabular amounts presented in thousands, except share, per share, per unit, and number of years)
(Unaudited)


Our gross product sales (i.e., delivered units multiplied by the contractual price per unit) are reduced by our corresponding gross-to-net (“GTN”) estimates using the “expected value” method, resulting in our reported “product sales, net” in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations, reflecting the amount we ultimately expect to realize in net cash proceeds, taking into account our current period gross sales and related cash receipts, and the subsequent cash disbursements on these sales that we estimate for the various GTN categories discussed below. These estimates are based upon information received from external sources (such as written or oral information obtained from our customers with respect to their period-end inventory levels and sales to end-users during the period), in combination with management’s informed judgments. Due to the inherent uncertainty of these estimates, the actual amount incurred (of some, or all) of product returns, government chargebacks, prompt pay discounts, commercial rebates, Medicaid rebates, and distribution, data, and GPO administrative fees may be materially above or below the amount estimated, then requiring prospective adjustments to our reported net product sales.
These GTN estimate categories are each discussed below:
Product Returns Allowances: Our FUSILEV, MARQIBO, and BELEODAQ customers are contractually permitted to return purchased products beginning at its expiration date and within six months thereafter. Our EVOMELA customers are permitted to return purchased product beginning at six months prior to its expiration date, and within 12 months thereafter (as well as for overstock inventory, as determined by end-users). ZEVALIN and FOLOTYN returns for expiry are not contractually permitted. Returns outside of this aforementioned criteria are not customarily allowed. We estimate expected product returns for our allowance based on our historical return rates. Returned product is typically destroyed, since substantially all returns are due to expiry and cannot be resold.
Government Chargebacks: Our products are subject to pricing limits under certain federal government programs (e.g., Medicare and 340B Drug Pricing Program). Qualifying entities (i.e., end-users) purchase products from our customers at their qualifying discounted price. The chargeback amount we incur represents the difference between our contractual sales price to our customer, and the end-user’s applicable discounted purchase price under the government program. There may be significant lag time between our reported net product sales and our receipt of the corresponding government chargeback claims from our customers.
Prompt Pay Discounts: Discounts for prompt payment are estimated at the time of sale, based on our eligible customers’ prompt payment history and the contractual discount percentage.
Commercial Rebates: Commercial rebates are based on (i) our estimates of end-user purchases through a group purchasing organization (“GPO”), (ii) the corresponding contractual rebate percentage tier we expect each GPO to achieve, and (iii) our estimates of the impact of any prospective rebate program changes made by us.
Medicaid Rebates: Our products are subject to state government-managed Medicaid programs, whereby rebates are issued to participating state governments. These rebates arise when a patient treated with our product is covered under Medicaid, resulting in a discounted price for our product under the applicable Medicaid program. Our Medicaid rebate accrual calculations require us to project the magnitude of our sales, by state, that will be subject to these rebates. There is a significant time lag in us receiving rebate notices from each state (generally several months or longer after our sale is recognized). Our estimates are based on our historical claim levels by state, as supplemented by management’s judgment.
Distribution, Data, and GPO Administrative Fees: Distribution, data, and GPO administrative fees are paid to authorized wholesalers/distributors of our products (except for U.S. sales of ZEVALIN) for various commercial services including: contract administration, inventory management, delivery of end-user sales data, and product returns processing. These fees are based on a contractually-determined percentage of our applicable sales.
(b) License Fees: Our out-license arrangements allow licensees to market our product(s) in certain territories for a specific term (representing the out-license of “functional intellectual property”). These arrangements may include one or more of the following forms of consideration: (a) upfront license fees, (b) sales royalties, (c) sales milestone-achievement fees, and (d) regulatory milestone-achievement fees. We recognize revenue for each based on the contractual terms that establish our right to collect payment once the performance obligation is achieved, as follows:
(a)
Upfront license fees: We determine whether upfront license fees are earned at the time of contract execution (i.e., when rights transfer to the customer) or over the actual (or implied) contractual period of the out-license. As part of this determination, we evaluate whether we have any other requirements to

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Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(all tabular amounts presented in thousands, except share, per share, per unit, and number of years)
(Unaudited)


provide substantive services that are inseparable from the performance obligation of the license transfer. Our customers’ “distinct” rights to licensed “functional intellectual property” at the time of contract execution results in concurrent revenue recognition of all upfront license fees (assuming that there are no other performance obligations at contract execution that are inseparable from this license transfer).

(b)
Royalties: Under the “sales-or-usage-based royalty exception” we recognize revenue in the same period that our licensees complete product sales in their territory for which we are contractually entitled to a percentage-based royalty receipt.

(c)
Sales milestones: Under the “sales-or-usage-based royalty exception” we recognize revenue in full within the period that our licensees achieve annual or aggregate product sales levels in their territories for which we are contractually entitled to a specified lump-sum receipt.

(d)
Regulatory milestones: Under the terms of the respective out-license, regulatory achievements may either be our responsibility, or that of our licensee.

When our licensee is responsible for the achievement of the regulatory milestone, we recognize revenue in full (for the contractual amount due from our licensee) in the period that the approval occurs (i.e., when the “performance obligation” is satisfied by our customer) under the “most likely amount” method. This revenue recognition remains “constrained” until regulatory approval occurs, given its inherent uncertainty and the requirement of a significant revenue reversal not being probable if achievement does not occur. At each reporting period, we re-evaluate the probability of milestone achievement and the associated revenue constraint; any resulting adjustments would be recorded on a cumulative catch-up basis, thus reflected in our financial statements in the period of adjustment.

When we are responsible for the achievement of a regulatory milestone, the “relative selling price method” is applied for purposes of allocating the transaction price to our performance obligations. In such case, we consider (i) the extent of our effort to achieve the milestone and/or the enhancement of the value of the delivered item(s) as a result of milestone achievement and (ii) if the milestone payment is reasonable relative to all of the deliverables and payment terms (including other potential milestone consideration) within the arrangement. We have historically assessed the contractual value of these milestones upon their achievement to be identical to the allocation of value of our performance obligations and thus representing the “transaction price” for each milestone at contract inception. We recognize this revenue in the period that the regulatory approval occurs (i.e., when we complete the “performance obligation”) under the “most likely amount” method, and revenue recognition is otherwise “constrained” until regulatory approval occurs, given its inherent uncertainty and the requirement of a significant revenue reversal not being probable if achievement does not occur. At each reporting period, we re-evaluate the probability of milestone achievement and the associated revenue constraint; any resulting adjustments would be recorded on a cumulative catch-up basis, thus reflected in our financial statements in the period of adjustment.
(c) Service Revenue: We receive fees under certain arrangements for (a) sales and marketing services, (b) supply chain services (c) research and development services, and (d) clinical trial management services. Our rights to receive payment for these services may be established by (i) a fixed-fee schedule that covers the term of the arrangement, so long as we meet ongoing performance obligations, (ii) our completion of product delivery in our capacity as a procurement agent, (iii) the successful completion of a phase of drug development, (iv) favorable results from a clinical trial, and/or (v) regulatory approval events. We consider whether revenue associated with these service arrangements is reportable each period, based on our completed services or deliverables (i.e., satisfied “performance obligations”) during the reporting period, and the terms of the arrangement that contractually result in fixed payments due to us. The promised service(s) within these arrangements are distinct and explicitly stated within each contract, and our customer benefits from the separable service(s) delivery/completion. Further, the nature of the promise to our customer as stated within the respective contract is to deliver each named service individually (not a transfer of combined items to which the promised goods or services are inputs), and thus are separable for revenue recognition.

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Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(all tabular amounts presented in thousands, except share, per share, per unit, and number of years)
(Unaudited)


(ii) Cash and Cash Equivalents
Cash and cash equivalents consist of bank deposits and highly liquid investments with maturities of three months or less from the purchase date.
(iii) Marketable Securities
Our marketable securities consist of our holdings in equity securities (beginning January 1, 2018 - see Note 3(a)), mutual funds, and bank certificates of deposit (“Bank CDs”). Beginning January 1, 2018, our realized and unrealized gains (losses) on marketable securities are included in “Other income, net” on the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. Prior to January 1, 2018, our unrealized gains (losses) were included in “other comprehensive (loss) income” on our accompanying Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss.
(iv) Accounts Receivable
Our accounts receivables are derived from our product sales and license fees (our service revenue is recorded in “other receivables”), and do not bear interest. The allowance for doubtful accounts is management’s best estimate of the amount of probable credit losses in our existing accounts receivable. Account balances are charged off against the allowance after appropriate collection efforts are exhausted.
(v) Inventories
We value our inventory at the lower of (i) the actual cost of its purchase or manufacture, or (ii) its net realizable value. Inventory cost is determined on the first-in, first-out method. We regularly review our inventory quantities in process of manufacture and on hand. When appropriate, we record a provision for obsolete and excess inventory to derive its new cost basis, which takes into account our sales forecast by product and corresponding expiry dates of each product lot.
Manufacturing costs of drug products that are pending U.S. Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) approval are expensed through “research and development,” on the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations (rather than being capitalized to “inventories”).
(vi) Property and Equipment
Our property and equipment is stated at historical cost, and is depreciated on a straight-line basis over an estimated useful life that corresponds with its designated asset category. We evaluate the recoverability of “long-lived assets” (which includes property and equipment) whenever events or changes in circumstances in our business indicate that the asset’s carrying amount may not be recoverable through our on-going operations.
(vii) Goodwill and Intangible Assets
Our goodwill represents the excess of our business acquisition cost over the estimated fair value of the net assets acquired in the corresponding transaction. Goodwill has an indefinite accounting life and is therefore not amortized. Instead, goodwill is evaluated for impairment on an annual basis (as of each October 1st), unless we identify impairment indicators that would require earlier testing.
We evaluate the recoverability of indefinite-lived intangible assets at least annually, or whenever events or changes in our business indicate that an intangible asset’s (whether indefinite or definite-lived) carrying amount may not be recoverable. Such circumstances could include, but are not limited to the following:
(a)
a significant decrease in the market value of an asset;
(b)
a significant adverse change in the extent or manner in which an asset is used; or
(c)
an accumulation of costs significantly in excess of the amount originally expected for the acquisition of an asset.

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Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(all tabular amounts presented in thousands, except share, per share, per unit, and number of years)
(Unaudited)


Intangible assets with finite useful lives are amortized over their estimated useful lives on a straight-line basis. We review these assets for potential impairment if/when facts or circumstances suggest that the carrying value of these assets may not be recoverable.
(viii) Stock-Based Compensation
Stock-based compensation expense for equity awards granted to our employees and members of our Board of Directors is recognized on a straight-line basis over each award’s vesting period. Recognized compensation expense is net of an estimated forfeiture rate, representing the percentage of awards that are expected to be forfeited prior to vesting, though is ultimately adjusted for actual forfeitures. We use the Black-Scholes option pricing model to determine the fair value of stock options (as of the date of grant) which carry service conditions for vesting, though recognized expense is ultimately adjusted for actual forfeitures. We use the Monte Carlo valuation model to value equity awards (as of the date of grant) which carry combined market conditions and service conditions for vesting.
The calculation of the fair value of stock options and the recognition of stock-based compensation expense requires uncertain assumptions, including (a) the pre-vesting forfeiture rate of the award, (b) the expected term of our stock options, (c) our stock price volatility over its expected term (and that of our designated peer group with respect to certain market-based awards), and (d) the risk-free interest rate over the expected term.
We estimate forfeiture rates based on our employees’ overall forfeiture history, which we believe will be representative of future results. We estimate the expected term of stock options granted based on our employees’ historical exercise patterns, which we believe will be representative of their future behavior. We estimate the volatility of our common stock on the date of grant based on historical volatility of our common stock for a look-back period that corresponds with the expected term. We estimate the risk-free interest rate based upon the U.S. Department of the Treasury yields in effect at award grant, for a period equaling the expected term of the stock option.
(ix) Foreign Currency Translation
We translate the assets and liabilities of our foreign subsidiaries that are stated in their functional currencies (i.e., local operating currencies), to U.S. dollars at the rates of exchange in effect at the reported balance sheet date. Revenues and expenses are translated using the monthly average exchange rates during the reported period. Unrealized gains and losses from the translation of our subsidiaries’ financial statements (that are initially denominated in the corresponding functional currency) are included as a separate component of “accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income” in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
We record foreign currency transactions, when initially denominated in a currency other than the respective functional currency of our subsidiary, at the prevailing exchange rate on the date of the transaction. Resulting unrealized foreign exchange gains and losses from transactions with third parties are included in “accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income” in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
All unrealized foreign exchange gains and losses associated with our intercompany loans are included in “accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income” in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets, as these loans with our foreign subsidiaries are not expected to be settled in the “foreseeable future.”
(x) Basic and Diluted Net Loss per Share
We calculate basic and diluted net loss per share using the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the periods presented. In periods of a net loss, basic and diluted loss per share are the same. For the diluted earnings per share calculation, we adjust the weighted average number of common shares outstanding to include only dilutive stock options, warrants, and other common stock equivalents outstanding during the period.
(xi) Income Taxes
Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recorded based on the estimated future tax effects of temporary differences between the tax basis of assets and liabilities and amounts reported in the financial statements, as well as operating losses and tax credit

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Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(all tabular amounts presented in thousands, except share, per share, per unit, and number of years)
(Unaudited)


carry forwards using enacted tax rates and laws that are expected to be in effect when the differences are expected to reverse. Realization of deferred tax assets is dependent upon future earnings, the timing and amount of which are uncertain.
We have recorded a valuation allowance to reduce our deferred tax assets, because we believe that, based upon a weighting of positive and negative factors, it is more likely than not that these deferred tax assets will not be realized. If/when we were to determine that our deferred tax assets are realizable, an adjustment to the corresponding valuation allowance would increase our net income in the period that such determination was made.
In the event that we are assessed interest and/or penalties from taxing authorities that have not been previously accrued, such amounts would be included in “(provision) benefit for income taxes” within the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the period in which we received the notice.
(xii) Research and Development Costs
Our research and development costs are expensed as incurred, or as certain milestone payments become due, which are generally triggered by contractual clinical or regulatory events.
(xiii) Fair Value Measurements
We determine measurement-date fair value based on the proceeds that would be received through the sale of the asset, or that we would pay to settle or transfer the liability, in an orderly transaction between market participants. We utilize valuation techniques that maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs to the extent possible. Fair value measurements are based on a three-tier hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs used to measure fair value. These tiers include the following:
Level 1: Quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that are publicly accessible at the measurement date.
Level 2: Observable prices that are based on inputs not quoted on active markets, but that are corroborated by market data. These inputs may include quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities or quoted market prices in markets that are not active to the general public.
Level 3: Unobservable inputs are used when little or no market data is available.
3. BALANCE SHEET ACCOUNT DETAIL
The composition of selected financial statement captions that comprise the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets are summarized below:
(a) Cash and Cash Equivalents and Marketable Securities
As of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, our “cash and cash equivalents” were held with major financial institutions. Our “marketable securities” solely relate to our equity holdings in CASI - see Note 10.
We maintain cash balances in excess of federally insured limits with reputable financial institutions. To a limited degree, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”) and other third parties insure these investments. However, these investments are not insured against the possibility of a complete loss of earnings or principal and are inherently subject to the credit risk related to the continued credit worthiness of the underlying issuer and general credit market risks. We manage such risks in our portfolio by investing in highly liquid, highly-rated instruments, and limit investing in long-term maturity instruments.
Our investment policy requires that purchased investments in marketable securities may only be in highly-rated instruments, which are primarily United States treasury bills or United States treasury-backed securities, and also limits our investments in securities of any single issuer (excluding any debt or equity securities received from our strategic partners in connection with a license arrangement, as discussed in Note 10).
 

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Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(all tabular amounts presented in thousands, except share, per share, per unit, and number of years)
(Unaudited)


The carrying amount of our equity securities, money market funds, and Bank CDs approximates their fair value (utilizing “Level 1” or “Level 2” inputs – see Note 2(xiii)) because of our ability to immediately convert these instruments into cash with minimal expected change in value.
The following is a summary of our presented “cash and cash equivalents” and “marketable securities”:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost
 
Foreign Currency Translation
 
Gross
Unrealized
Gains*
 
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
 
Estimated
Fair
Value
 
Cash and Cash
Equivalents
 
Marketable Securities
March 31, 2018
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Equity securities* (see Note 3(g) and Note 10)
$
8,710

 
$
(174
)
 
$
39,618

 
$

 
$
48,154

 
$

 
$
48,154

Bank deposits
20,546

 

 

 

 
20,546

 
20,546

 

Money market funds
162,967

 

 

 

 
162,967

 
162,967

 

Bank certificates of deposits
249

 

 

 

 
249

 

 
249

Total cash and cash equivalents and marketable securities
$
192,472

 
$
(174
)
 
$
39,618

 
$

 
$
231,916

 
$
183,513

 
$
48,403

December 31, 2017
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bank deposits
$
10,965

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
10,965

 
$
10,965

 
$

Money market funds
216,358

 

 

 

 
216,358

 
216,358

 

Bank certificates of deposits
248

 

 

 

 
248

 

 
248

Total cash and cash equivalents and marketable securities
$
227,571

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
227,571

 
$
227,323

 
$
248

* Beginning January 1, 2018, under the new requirements of ASU 2016-01, Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Liabilities, the unrealized gains on our equity securities in CASI Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (NASDAQ: CASI) (“CASI”) are recognized as an increase to “other income, net” on the Consolidated Statements of Operations (rather than through “other comprehensive (loss) income” on the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss). Our adoption of ASU 2016-01 on January 1, 2018, resulted in a $17.2 million cumulative-effect adjustment, net of income tax, recorded as a decrease to “accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income” and a decrease to “accumulated deficit” on the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. Our recognized unrealized gain on these equity securities was $10.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2018, as reported in “other income, net” on the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.
As of March 31, 2018, none of our securities had been in a continuous unrealized loss position longer than one year.
(b) Property and Equipment, net of Accumulated Depreciation
“Property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation” consists of the following: 
 
March 31, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Computer hardware and software
$
3,067

 
$
2,994

Laboratory equipment
630

 
630

Office furniture
218

 
218

Leasehold improvements
2,938

 
2,938

Property and equipment, at cost
6,853

 
6,780

(Less): Accumulated depreciation
(6,260
)
 
(6,191
)
Property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation
$
593

 
$
589

Depreciation expense (included within “total operating costs and expenses” in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations) for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, was $49 thousand and $0.1 million, respectively.

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Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(all tabular amounts presented in thousands, except share, per share, per unit, and number of years)
(Unaudited)


In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, which amends the FASB Accounting Standards Codification and creates Topic 842, Leases. The new topic supersedes Topic 840, Leases, and requires lease assets and lease liabilities (including those for operating leases) to be presented on the balance sheet at their “gross amounts” and requires additional disclosures regarding lease arrangements. Topic 842 is effective for us beginning January 1, 2019, and mandates a “modified retrospective” transition method. We are currently assessing the impact this guidance will have on our consolidated financial statements. We presently do not have any capital lease arrangements, or have any active contracts that would contain an “embedded lease”. Our current lease arrangements impacted for this gross-up” presentation on our balance sheets, beginning January 1, 2019, are limited to our principal executive office in Henderson, Nevada, and our administrative and research and development facility in Irvine, California, in addition to several other administrative office leases.

(c) Inventories
“Inventories” consists of the following: 
 
March 31, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Raw materials
$
1,251

 
$
1,077

Work-in-process
2,576

 
2,551

Finished goods
4,332

 
5,187

(Less:) Non-current portion of inventories included within "other assets" *
(3,131
)
 
(3,100
)
Inventories
$
5,028

 
$
5,715


* The “non-current” portion of inventories is presented within “other assets” in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. This value of $3.1 million at March 31, 2018 represents product that we expect to sell beyond March 31, 2019 and the value at December 31, 2017 represents product that we expect to sell beyond December 31, 2018.
.
(d) Prepaid Expenses and Other Assets
“Prepaid expenses and other assets” consists of the following:
 
March 31, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Other miscellaneous prepaid operating expenses
$
3,148

 
$
3,389

Prepaid insurance
603

 
645

Research and development supplies
52

 
1,883

Key employee life insurance - cash surrender value

 
4,150

Prepaid expenses and other assets
$
3,803

 
$
10,067

(e) Other Receivables
“Other receivables” consists of the following:
 
March 31, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Other miscellaneous receivables*
$
992

 
$
1,152

Income tax receivable
637

 
665

Insurance receivable
1,095

 
53

Reimbursements due from development partners for incurred research and development expenses
182

 
263

Other receivables
$
2,906

 
$
2,133

* As of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the balance is inclusive of $0.4 million and $0.4 million, respectively, of Medicaid rebate credits to be applied against future invoices for each respective state program, and $0.2 million and $0.4 million, respectively, of royalty receivables from Mundipharma International Corporation Limited (“Mundipharma”) for sales of ZEVALIN in Japan.
(f) Intangible Assets and Goodwill

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Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(all tabular amounts presented in thousands, except share, per share, per unit, and number of years)
(Unaudited)


Intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization and impairment charges consists of the following: 
 
 
 
March 31, 2018
 
Historical
Cost
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Foreign
Currency
Translation
 
Impairment
 
Net Amount
 
Full
Amortization
Period
(months)
 
Remaining
Amortization
Period
(months)
MARQIBO IPR&D (NHL and other novel indications)
$
17,600

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
17,600

 
n/a
 
n/a
EVOMELA distribution rights (1)
7,700

 
(1,185
)
 

 

 
6,515

 
156
 
132
BELEODAQ distribution rights
25,000

 
(7,031
)
 

 

 
17,969

 
160
 
115
MARQIBO distribution rights
26,900

 
(18,262
)
 

 

 
8,638

 
81
 
24
FOLOTYN distribution rights (2)
118,400

 
(57,380
)
 

 

 
61,020

 
152
 
56
ZEVALIN distribution rights – U.S.
41,900

 
(38,426
)
 

 

 
3,474

 
123
 
12
ZEVALIN distribution rights – ex-U.S.
23,490

 
(18,157
)
 
(1,871
)
 

 
3,462

 
96
 
24
FUSILEV distribution rights (3)
16,778

 
(9,618
)
 

 
(7,160
)
 

 
56
 
0
FOLOTYN out-license (4)
27,900

 
(15,236
)
 

 
(1,023
)
 
11,641

 
110
 
52
Total intangible assets
$
305,668

 
$
(165,295
)
 
$
(1,871
)
 
$
(8,183
)
 
$
130,319

 
 
 
 
 
(1)
The FDA approval of EVOMELA in March 2016 triggered a $6 million payment due to CyDex Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (a wholly-owned subsidiary of Ligand Pharmaceuticals Incorporated (“Ligand”) (“Cydex”)). This event also resulted in a reclassification of our $7.7 million “EVOMELA IPR&D” to “EVOMELA distribution rights” due to our ability to begin commercialization of EVOMELA upon FDA approval. Amortization commenced on April 1, 2016, in accordance with our capitalization policy for intangible assets.

(2)
Beginning June 2016, we adjusted the amortization period of our FOLOTYN distribution rights to November 2022 from March 2025, representing the period through which we expect to have patent protection from generic competition (see Note 16(g)).

(3)
On February 20, 2015, the United States District Court for the District of Nevada found the patent covering FUSILEV to be invalid, which was upheld on appeal. On April 24, 2015, Sandoz began to commercialize a generic version of FUSILEV. This represented a “triggering event” under applicable GAAP in evaluating the value of our FUSILEV distribution rights as of March 31, 2015, resulting in a $7.2 million impairment charge (non-cash) in the first quarter of 2015. We accelerated amortization expense recognition in 2015 for the then remaining net book value of FUSILEV distribution rights.

(4)
On May 29, 2013, we amended our FOLOTYN collaboration agreement with Mundipharma. As a result of the amendment, Europe and Turkey were excluded from Mundipharma’s commercialization territory, and their royalty rates and milestone payments to us were modified. This constituted a change under which we originally valued the FOLOTYN out-license as part of business combination accounting, resulting in an impairment charge (non-cash) of $1.0 million in the second quarter of 2013.


16


Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(all tabular amounts presented in thousands, except share, per share, per unit, and number of years)
(Unaudited)


 
 
 
December 31, 2017

Historical
Cost
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Foreign
Currency
Translation
 
Impairment
 
Net Amount
MARQIBO IPR&D (NHL and other novel indications)
$
17,600

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
17,600

EVOMELA distribution rights
7,700

 
(1,037
)
 

 

 
6,663

BELEODAQ distribution rights
25,000

 
(6,563
)
 

 

 
18,437

MARQIBO distribution rights
26,900

 
(17,182
)
 

 

 
9,718

FOLOTYN distribution rights
118,400

 
(54,111
)
 

 

 
64,289

ZEVALIN distribution rights – U.S.
41,900

 
(37,557
)
 

 

 
4,343

ZEVALIN distribution rights – Ex-U.S.
23,490

 
(17,232
)
 
(2,471
)
 

 
3,787

FUSILEV distribution rights
16,778

 
(9,618
)
 

 
(7,160
)
 

FOLOTYN out-license
27,900

 
(14,555
)
 

 
(1,023
)
 
12,322

Total intangible assets
$
305,668

 
$
(157,855
)
 
$
(2,471
)
 
$
(8,183
)
 
$
137,159


Intangible asset amortization expense recognized during the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, was $6.9 million and $6.9 million, respectively.

Estimated intangible asset amortization expense for the remainder of 2018 and the five succeeding fiscal years and thereafter is as follows:

Years Ending December 31,
 
Remainder of 2018
$
20,843

2019
25,185

2020
19,779

2021
18,266

2022
15,882

2023
2,467

2024 and thereafter
10,297

 
$
112,719

“Goodwill” consists of the following:
 
March 31, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Acquisition of Talon (MARQIBO rights)
$
10,526

 
$
10,526

Acquisition of ZEVALIN Ex-U.S. distribution rights
2,525

 
2,525

Acquisition of Allos (FOLOTYN rights)
5,346

 
5,346

Foreign currency exchange translation effects
(170
)
 
(235
)
Goodwill
$
18,227

 
$
18,162


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Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(all tabular amounts presented in thousands, except share, per share, per unit, and number of years)
(Unaudited)


(g) Other Assets
“Other assets” consists of the following: 
 
March 31, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Equity securities (see Note 10)*
$

 
$
37,530

Key employee life insurance – cash surrender value
11,463

 
10,737

Inventories - non-current portion
3,131

 
3,100

Promissory note receivable - long term (see Note 10)
1,519

 
1,517

Income tax receivable**
668

 
668

Research & development supplies and other
1,325

 
231

Other assets
$
18,106

 
$
53,783

* As of March 31, 2018, we reclassified our presentation of these equity securities from this account caption to “marketable securities” on the face of our accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets - see Note 3(a).
** This value represents the non-current portion of the refundable alternative minimum tax credit that is expected to be received over the next few years (see Note 16).
(h) Accounts Payable and Other Accrued Liabilities
“Accounts payable and other accrued liabilities” consists of the following:
 
March 31, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Trade accounts payable and other accrued liabilities
$
29,549

 
$
33,648

Accrued rebates
7,713

 
7,990

Accrued product royalty
3,868

 
4,339

Allowance for returns
4,549

 
4,045

Accrued data and distribution fees
2,530

 
4,305

Accrued GPO administrative fees
312

 
296

Accrued inventory management fee
560

 
1,126

Allowance for chargebacks
1,846

 
2,368

Accounts payable and other accrued liabilities
$
50,927

 
$
58,117

Amounts presented within “accounts payable and other accrued liabilities” in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets for our categories of GTN estimates (see Note 2(i)) were as follows:

Commercial/Medicaid Rebates and Government Chargebacks
 
Distribution, Data, and
GPO Administrative Fees
 
Product Return Allowances
Balance as of December 31, 2016
$
9,817

 
$
5,146

 
$
2,309

Add: provisions
106,647

 
20,104

 
2,807

(Less): credits or actual allowances
(106,106
)
 
(19,523
)
 
(1,071
)
Balance as of December 31, 2017
10,358

 
5,727

 
4,045

Add: provisions
13,805

 
3,425

 
468

(Less): credits or actual allowances
(14,604
)
 
(5,750
)
 
36

Balance as of March 31, 2018
$
9,559

 
$
3,402

 
$
4,549


18


Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(all tabular amounts presented in thousands, except share, per share, per unit, and number of years)
(Unaudited)



(i) Deferred Revenue
Deferred revenue (current and non-current) consists of the following:

March 31, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
EVOMELA deferred revenue
$

 
$
3,819

ZEVALIN out-license in India territory (see Note 15(b)(iii))

 
368

Deferred revenue*
$

 
$
4,187

* On January 1, 2018, we reclassified the deferred revenue related to our EVOMELA product sales and our ZEVALIN out-license in the India territory of $3.8 million and $0.4 million, respectively. These amounts were included in the $4.7 million aggregate decrease to “accumulated deficit” on January 1, 2018, in accordance with the adoption of Topic 606 (see Note 2(i)).
(j) Other Long-Term Liabilities
“Other long-term liabilities” consists of the following:
 
March 31, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Accrued executive deferred compensation
$
5,981

 
$
5,928

Deferred rent (non-current portion)
20

 
52

Clinical study holdback fees, non-current
62

 
59

Other tax liabilities
176

 
176

Royalty liability
300

 

Other long-term liabilities
$
6,539

 
$
6,215

 
4. GROSS-TO-NET PRODUCT SALES
The below table presents a GTN (see Note 2(i)) product sales reconciliation for the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations:
 
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
2018
 
2017
Gross product sales
$
49,590

 
$
58,217

Commercial rebates and government chargebacks
(17,029
)
 
(27,324
)
Data and distribution fees, GPO fees, and inventory management fees
(3,511
)
 
(4,462
)
Prompt pay discounts
(390
)
 
(270
)
Product returns allowance
(549
)
 
(316
)
Product sales, net
$
28,111

 
$
25,845


5. COMPOSITION OF TOTAL REVENUE
The below table presents our net product sales by geography for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017:

19



 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
2018
 
2017
United States
$
23,198

 
82.5
%
 
$
23,801

 
92.1
%
International:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Europe
3,489

 
12.4
%
 
2,044

 
7.9
%
Asia Pacific
1,424

 
5.1
%
 

 
%
Total international
4,913

 
17.5
%
 
2,044

 
7.9
%
Product sales, net
$
28,111

 
100.0
%
 
$
25,845

 
100.0
%
 

The below table presents our net sales by product for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017:
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
2018
 
2017
FOLOTYN
$
12,721

 
45.3
%
 
$
9,274

 
35.9
%
EVOMELA
8,134

 
28.9
%
 
6,301

 
24.4
%
BELEODAQ
2,713

 
9.7
%
 
2,871

 
11.1
%
ZEVALIN
3,025

 
10.8
%
 
2,845

 
11.0
%
MARQIBO
894

 
3.2
%
 
1,980

 
7.7
%
FUSILEV
624

 
2.2
%
 
2,574

 
10.0
%
Product sales, net
$
28,111

 
100.0
%
 
$
25,845

 
100.0
%
 
The below table presents our license fees and service revenue by source for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017:
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
2018
 
2017
Out-license of FOLOTYN in all countries except the United States, Canada, Europe, and Turkey: royalties (Note 14)
$
377

 
15.8
%
 
$
263

 
8.1
%
Out-license of ZEVALIN: recognition of milestone achievement, upfront cash receipt and subsequent royalties for Asia and certain other territories, excluding China (Note 11)
2,001

 
83.9
%
 
615

 
18.9
%
Out-license of ZEVALIN: amortization of upfront cash receipt related to India territory (Note 15(b)(iii)) and other

 
%
 
12

 
0.4
%
Out-license of ZEVALIN, FOLOTYN, BELEODAQ, MARQIBO: upfront cash receipt and subsequent royalties for the Canada territory (Note 15(b)(xiv))
6

 
0.3
%
 

 
%
Sales and marketing contracted services (Note 12)

 
%
 
2,366

 
72.7
%
License fees and service revenues
$
2,384

 
100.0
%
 
$
3,256

 
100.0
%


6. STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION
We report our stock-based compensation expense (inclusive of our incentive stock plan, employee stock purchase plan, and 401(k) contribution matching program) in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations, based on the department to which the recipient belongs. Stock-based compensation expense included within “total operating costs and expenses” for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, was as follows (see Note 18 for a discussion of certain immaterial corrections affecting the presented 2017 amounts below):

20



 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
2018
 
2017
Cost of sales
$
66

 
$
30

Selling, general and administrative
3,691

 
3,238

Research and development
721

 
452

Total stock-based compensation
$
4,478

 
$
3,720

 
7. NET LOSS PER SHARE
Net loss per share was computed by dividing net loss by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017:
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
2018
 
2017
Net loss
$
(15,816
)
 
$
(23,547
)
Weighted average shares – basic and diluted
100,809,853

 
78,523,023

Net loss per share – basic and diluted
$
(0.16
)
 
$
(0.30
)
The below outstanding securities were excluded from the above calculation of net loss per share because their impact under the “treasury stock method” and “if-converted method” would have been anti-dilutive due to our net loss per share in the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, as summarized below:
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
2018
 
2017
2018 Convertible Notes
3,854,959

 
10,454,799

Common stock options
5,589,852

 
1,557,920

Restricted stock awards
1,875,569

 
1,769,530

Restricted stock units
210,214

 
217,206

Common stock warrants
261,622

 

Employee stock purchase plan shares
24,064

 
53,927

Total
11,816,280

 
14,053,382

 

8. FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
The table below summarizes certain asset and liability fair values that are included within our accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets, and their designations among three fair value measurement categories (see Note


Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(all tabular amounts presented in thousands, except share, per share, per unit, and number of years)
(Unaudited)


2(xiii)):
 
March 31, 2018
Fair Value Measurements
 
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
 
Assets:

 

 

 

 
Bank certificates of deposits
$

 
$
249

 
$

 
$
249

 
Money market funds

 
162,967

 

 
162,967

 
Equity securities (Note 3(a))
48,154

 

 

 
48,154

 
Mutual funds

 
59

 

 
59

 
Deferred compensation investments (life insurance cash surrender value - Note 3(g))

 
11,463

 

 
11,463

*

$
48,154

 
$
174,738

 
$

 
$
222,892

 
Liabilities:

 

 

 

 
Deferred executive compensation liability (Note 15(f))
$

 
$
10,168

 
$

 
$
10,168

*
Drug development liability (Note 14)

 

 
12,283

 
12,283

 
Talon CVR (Note 9(a))

 

 
6,501

 
6,501

 
Corixa Liability (Note 15(b)(i))

 

 
62

 
62

 
 
$

 
$
10,168

 
$
18,846

 
$
29,014

 
 
 
December 31, 2017
Fair Value Measurements
 
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
 
Assets:

 

 

 

 
Bank certificates of deposits
$

 
$
248

 
$

 
$
248

 
Money market funds

 
216,358

 

 
216,358

 
Equity securities (Note 10)
37,530

 

 

 
37,530

 
Mutual funds

 
59

 

 
59

 
Deferred compensation investments (life insurance cash surrender value)

 
14,887

 

 
14,887

*

$
37,530

 
$
231,552

 
$

 
$
269,082

 
Liabilities:

 

 

 

 
Deferred executive compensation liability (Note 15(f))
$

 
$
11,038

 
$

 
$
11,038

*
Drug development liability (Note 14)

 

 
12,386

 
12,386

 
Talon CVR (Note 9(a))

 

 
6,210

 
6,210

 
Corixa Liability (Note 15(b)(i))

 

 
62

 
62

 

$

 
$
11,038

 
$
18,658

 
$
29,696

 
* The reported value of “deferred compensation investments” is based on the cash surrender value of the life insurance policies, while the value of the “deferred executive compensation liability” is based on the market value of the underlying investment holdings.
We did not have any transfers between “Level 1” and “Level 2” (see Note 2(xiii)) for all periods presented.
The table below summarizes the 2017 and 2018 activity of our liabilities that are valued with unobservable inputs:
 
Fair Value Measurements of
Unobservable Inputs (Level 3)
Balance as of December 31, 2016
$
14,445

FOLOTYN development liability (see Note 14)
(744
)
Talon CVR fair value adjustment - MARQIBO (see Note 9(a))
4,957

Balance as of December 31, 2017
18,658

FOLOTYN development liability (see Note 14)
(103
)
Talon CVR fair value adjustment - MARQIBO (see Note 9(a))
291

Balance as of March 31, 2018
$
18,846


22


Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(all tabular amounts presented in thousands, except share, per share, per unit, and number of years)
(Unaudited)


* This amount is comprised of the current and non-current portions of “FOLOTYN development liability” and the non-current portion of “acquisition-related contingent obligations” on our accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
Our carrying amounts of financial instruments such as cash equivalents, accounts receivable, prepaid expenses, accounts payable, and accrued liabilities, excluding acquisition-related contingent obligations, approximate their related fair values due to their short-term nature.

9. BUSINESS COMBINATIONS AND CONTINGENT CONSIDERATION
(a) Acquisition of Talon Therapeutics, Inc.
Overview of Talon Acquisition
On July 17, 2013, we purchased all of the outstanding shares of common stock of Talon Therapeutics, Inc. (“Talon”). Through the acquisition of Talon, we gained worldwide rights to MARQIBO. The Talon purchase consideration consisted of (i) an aggregate upfront cash amount of $11.3 million, (ii) issuance of 3.0 million shares of our common stock, then equivalent to $26.3 million (based on a closing price of $8.77 per share on July 17, 2013), and (iii) the issuance of a contingent value right (“CVR”) initially valued at $6.5 million.
The CVR was valued using a valuation model that probability-weights expected outcomes (ranging from 50% to 100%) and discounts those amounts to their present value, using an appropriate discount rate (these represent unobservable inputs and are therefore classified as Level 3 inputs – see Note 2 (xiii)). The CVR has a maximum payout of $195 million if all sales and regulatory approval milestones are achieved, as summarized below:
 
$5 million upon the achievement of net sales of MARQIBO in excess of $30 million in any calendar year
$10 million upon the achievement of net sales of MARQIBO in excess of $60 million in any calendar year
$25 million upon the achievement of net sales of MARQIBO in excess of $100 million in any calendar year
$50 million upon the achievement of net sales of MARQIBO in excess of $200 million in any calendar year
$100 million upon the achievement of net sales of MARQIBO in excess of $400 million in any calendar year; and
$5 million upon receipt of marketing authorization from the FDA regarding Menadione Topical Lotion

    
Talon CVR Fair Value as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017
The CVR fair value will continue to be evaluated on a quarterly basis. Current and future changes in its fair value results from the likelihood and timing of milestone achievement and/or the corresponding discount rate applied thereon. Adjustments to CVR fair value are recognized within “change in fair value of contingent consideration related to acquisitions” in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. 
 
Fair Value
of Talon
CVR
December 31, 2017
$
6,210

Fair value adjustment for the three months ended March 31, 2018
291

March 31, 2018
$
6,501

(b) Acquisition of Rights to EVOMELA and Related Contingent Consideration
Overview of Acquisition of Rights to EVOMELA
In March 2013, we completed the acquisition of exclusive global development and commercialization rights to Captisol-enabled®, propylene glycol-free MELPHALAN (which we branded as “EVOMELA”) for use as a conditioning treatment prior to autologous stem cell transplant for patients with MM. We acquired these rights from CyDex a wholly-owned subsidiary of Ligand for an initial license fee of $3 million, and assumed responsibility for EVOMELA’s then-ongoing clinical and regulatory development program. We accounted for this transaction as a business combination, which required that assets acquired and liabilities assumed be recognized on the balance sheet at their fair values as of the transaction date.

23


Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(all tabular amounts presented in thousands, except share, per share, per unit, and number of years)
(Unaudited)


We are required to pay Ligand additional amounts up to an aggregate $60 million upon the achievement of annual net sales thresholds (exclusive of the $6 million milestone payment triggered in March 2016, as discussed below), however, we do not expect to achieve these sales thresholds based on our estimated market size for this product and our projected market share at the time of the acquisition and to date. We also must pay Ligand royalties of 20% on our net sales of EVOMELA in all territories.
Our EVOMELA royalty obligation and sales-based milestones are jointly treated as part of an “executory contract” (as defined under GAAP) that is connected with an at-market supply agreement for Captisol that was executed concurrently with this acquisition (requiring the continuing involvement of CyDex). As a result, our royalty obligation and sales-based milestone arrangements are treated as separate transactions, distinct from the consideration for the EVOMELA rights. Our royalty expenses are reported through “cost of sales” in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations in the same period of our recognized revenue for the product sale.
Consideration Transferred
The acquisition-date fair value of the consideration transferred consisted of the following:
 
 
Cash consideration
$
3,000

Ligand contingent consideration
4,700

Total purchase consideration
$
7,700

Fair Value Estimate of Asset Acquired and Liability Assumed
The total purchase consideration is allocated to the acquisition of the net tangible and intangible assets based on their estimated fair values as of the transaction date. The allocation of the total purchase price to the net assets acquired is as follows:
EVOMELA IPR&D rights
$
7,700

We estimated the fair value of the in-process research and development using the income approach. The income approach uses valuation techniques to convert future net cash flows to a single present value (discounted) amount.  We applied our net cash flow projections for EVOMELA over 10 years and a discount rate of 25%, taking into account our estimates of future incremental earnings that may be achieved upon regulatory approval and commercialization of the product(s). The fair value of the Ligand Contingent Consideration (as defined below) liability was determined using the probability of success and the discounted cash flow method of the income approach (representing unobservable “Level 3” inputs (see Note 2(xiii)) for regulatory and sales-based milestones due to Ligand upon achievement).
 
In March 2016, the FDA approved EVOMELA, triggering a $6 million milestone payment to Ligand (“Ligand Contingent Consideration”) that was paid in April 2016. “EVOMELA IPR&D” of $7.7 million was reclassified in April 2016 to “EVOMELA distribution rights” that is reported within “Intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization” in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2018 (see Note 3(f)). Amortization related to this intangible asset commenced on April 1, 2016.
(c) Allos Acquisition
We acquired Allos Therapeutics, Inc. (“Allos”) in September 2012 for cash consideration of $205.2 million and assumed its FOLOTYN distribution rights (see Note 14). We accounted for this transaction as a business combination, which required that assets acquired and liabilities assumed be recognized on the balance sheet at their fair values as of the transaction date. We have no ongoing contingent consideration obligations from this transaction.
10. OUT-LICENSE OF MARQIBO, ZEVALIN, & EVOMELA IN CHINA TERRITORY
Overview of CASI Out-License
On September 17, 2014, we executed three product out-license agreements with a perpetual term (collectively, the “CASI Out-License”) with CASI, a publicly-traded biopharmaceutical company (NASDAQ: CASI) with a primary focus on the China market. Under the CASI Out-License, we granted CASI the exclusive rights to distribute three of our commercialized oncology drugs, ZEVALIN, MARQIBO, and EVOMELA (“CASI Out-Licensed Products”), in greater China (which includes Taiwan,

24


Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(all tabular amounts presented in thousands, except share, per share, per unit, and number of years)
(Unaudited)


Hong Kong and Macau). CASI is responsible for the development and commercialization of these three drugs, including the submission of import drug registration applications to regulatory authorities and conducting any confirmatory clinical studies in greater China. We will provide CASI with future commercial supply of the CASI Out-Licensed Products under typical market terms. Our consideration consisted of CASI common stock for their distribution rights of ZEVALIN and EVOMELA, and a secured promissory note for their distribution rights of MARQIBO.

CASI Ownership at March 31, 2018

Under certain conditions that expired in December 2017, we had a right to purchase additional shares of CASI common stock in order to maintain our post-investment ownership percentage if CASI issued additional securities. During 2017 and 2016, we acquired an additional 1.5 million and 4.6 million common shares of CASI, respectively, at par value. Our aggregate holding of 11.5 million CASI common shares as of March 31, 2018 represented an approximate 14.5% ownership, with a fair market value of $48.2 million (see Note 3(a)).

Proceeds Received from CASI
The proceeds we received in 2014, and its fair value on the CASI Out-License execution date, consisted of the following:
CASI common stock (5.4 million shares)
$
8,649

(a)
CASI secured promissory note, net of fair value discount ($1.5 million face value and 0.5% annual coupon)
1,310

(b)
Total consideration received, net of fair value discount
$
9,959

(c)

(a)
Value determined based on the September 17, 2014 closing price of 5.4 million shares of CASI common stock on the NASDAQ Capital Market of $1.60 per share.

(b)
Value estimated using the terms of the $1.5 million promissory note, the application of a synthetic debt rating based on CASI’s publicly-available financial information, and the prevailing interest yields on similar public debt securities as of September 17, 2014. This full balance was reclassified beginning December 31, 2017 to “other assets” (presented within non-current assets on the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets) from “other receivables” (presented within current assets) due to an amended maturity date of September 17, 2019.
(c)
Presented within “license fees and service revenue” in the Consolidated Statements of Operations for the year ended December 31, 2015 (see below).
In addition, CASI will be responsible for paying any royalties or milestones that we are obligated to pay to our third-party licensors resulting from the achievement of certain milestones and/or sales of CASI Out-Licensed Products, but only to the extent of the greater China portion of such royalties or milestones.

License Fee Revenue Recognized

The $9.7 million value of the upfront proceeds (undiscounted, and net of certain foreign exchange adjustments) from CASI were recognized in 2015 within “license fees and service revenue” on our Consolidated Statements of Operations. The timing of this revenue recognition corresponds with the execution of supply agreements with CASI for ZEVALIN, MARQIBO, and EVOMELA. These agreements allow CASI to procure CASI Out-Licensed Products directly from approved third parties, and in such case, do not require our future involvement for its commercial supply.
11. OUT-LICENSE OF ZEVALIN IN CERTAIN EX-U.S. TERRITORIES
On November 16, 2015, we entered into an out-license agreement with Mundipharma for its commercialization of ZEVALIN in Asia (excluding India and greater China), Australia, New Zealand, Africa, the Middle East, and Latin America (including the Caribbean). In return, we received $18 million (comprised of $15 million received in December 2015 and $3 million received in January 2016). Of these proceeds, $15 million was recognized within “license fees and service revenue” in the fourth quarter of 2015, and the remaining $3 million payment was recognized in full by June 30, 2017.
In April 2018, we received $2 million due to Mundipharma’s achievement of a specified sales milestone during the three months ended March 31, 2018, which was recognized within “license fees and service revenue” on our accompanying

25


Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(all tabular amounts presented in thousands, except share, per share, per unit, and number of years)
(Unaudited)


Condensed Statements of Operations (see Note 5). Mundipharma is required to reimburse us for our payment of royalties due to Bayer Pharma AG (“Bayer”) from its ZEVALIN sales - see Note 15(b)(ii).
 
12. CO-PROMOTION ARRANGEMENT WITH EAGLE PHARMACEUTICALS
On November 4, 2015, we executed an agreement with Eagle Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (“Eagle”) whereby designated members of our sales force will concurrently market up to six of Eagle’s products along with our products, in return for fixed monthly payments (aggregating $12.8 million), as well as variable sales-based milestones, over an 18 month contract term that commenced on January 1, 2016 and ended on June 30, 2017 (the “Eagle Agreement”). On July 1, 2017, our sales force ceased marketing Eagle products and the Eagle Agreement expired under its terms.
The fixed receipts from Eagle for our sales activities, as well as reimbursements of third-party marketing services, are recognized within “license fees and service revenue” on our accompanying Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations, and was $2.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2017. No sales-based milestones were achieved in the current or prior periods.
An allocation of our sales personnel costs that are dedicated to Eagle sales activities are reported within “cost of service revenue” on our accompanying Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations, as are reimbursable costs for Eagle marketing activities. These were an aggregate $2.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2017.

13. CONVERTIBLE SENIOR NOTES

Overview
On December 17, 2013, we entered into an agreement for the sale of $120 million aggregate principal amount of 2.75% Convertible Senior Notes (equaling 120,000 notes, denominated in $1,000 principal units) due December 2018 (the “2018 Convertible Notes”). As of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, $40.6 million of principal of the 2018 Convertible Notes was outstanding due to our open market purchases discussed below.
The 2018 Convertible Notes are convertible into shares of our common stock at a conversion rate of 95 shares per $1,000 principal units, equating to 3.9 million common shares if fully converted at March 31, 2018. The in-the-money conversion price is equivalent to $10.53 per common share. The conversion rate and conversion price is subject to adjustment under certain limited circumstances. The 2018 Convertible Notes bear interest at a rate of 2.75% per year, payable semiannually in arrears on June 15 and December 15 of each year. The 2018 Convertible Notes will mature and become payable on December 15, 2018, subject to earlier conversion into common stock at the holders’ option.
The sale of the 2018 Convertible Notes closed on December 23, 2013 and we received net proceeds of $115.4 million, after deducting banker and professional fees of $4.6 million. We used a portion of these net proceeds to simultaneously enter into “bought call” and “sold warrant” transactions with Royal Bank of Canada (collectively, the “Conversion Hedge”). We recorded the Conversion Hedge on a net cost basis of $13.1 million, as a reduction to “additional paid-in capital” in our accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. Under applicable GAAP, the Conversion Hedge transaction has not been (and is not expected to be) marked-to-market through earnings or comprehensive income.
Open Market Purchases of 2018 Convertible Notes and Conversion Hedge Unwind in December 2016 and October 2017
In December 2016, we completed two open market purchases of our 2018 Convertible Notes, aggregating 9,963 note units (equivalent to $10 million principal value) for $9.0 million. We recognized an aggregate loss of $25 thousand on the retirement of these 2018 Convertible Notes (based on its carrying value under GAAP), which is included in “other income (expense), net” on the Consolidated Statements of Operations for the year ended December 31, 2016. Accordingly, as of December 31, 2016, $110 million in principal of our 2018 Convertible Notes remained outstanding.
Concurrent with these two open market purchases in December 2016, we unwound a portion of our previously sold warrants and previously purchased call options (which were part of our Conversion Hedge described below) for aggregate net proceeds of $21 thousand. We recorded a corresponding net increase to “additional paid-in capital” in the Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2016.

26


Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(all tabular amounts presented in thousands, except share, per share, per unit, and number of years)
(Unaudited)


In October 2017, we completed an additional open market purchase of our 2018 Convertible Notes, aggregating 69,472 note units (equivalent to $69.5 million principal value) for $27.3 million in cash and 5.4 million newly-issued shares of our common stock, then worth $73 million. We recognized a loss of $0.8 million on the retirement of these 2018 Convertible Notes (based on its carrying value under GAAP), which was included in “other (expense) income, net” on the Consolidated Statements of Operations for the year ended December 31, 2017. Accordingly, as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, $40.6 million in principal of our 2018 Convertible Notes remained outstanding.
Concurrent with this open market purchase in October 2017, we also unwound a portion of the previously sold warrants and previously purchased call options that were part of our Conversion Hedge for aggregate net proceeds of $5.8 million. We recorded a corresponding net increase to “additional paid-in capital” in the Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2017.
Conversion Hedge
We entered into Conversion Hedge transactions in December 2013 to reduce the potential dilution to our stockholders and/or offset any cash payments that we are required to make in excess of the principal amount, upon conversion of the 2018 Convertible Notes (in the event that the market price of our common stock is greater than the conversion price). The strike price of the “bought call” is equal to the conversion price and conversion rate of the 2018 Convertible Notes (at such time, it matched the 11.4 million common shares into which the holders could convert the 2018 Convertible Notes); the strike price of our “sold warrant” is $14.03 per share of our common stock, and is also for 11.4 million common shares (reduced by the partial unwinding of these instruments, as discussed above).
Conversion Events
On and after June 15, 2018, and until the close of business on the second scheduled trading day immediately preceding the maturity date, holders may convert all or a portion of their 2018 Convertible Notes. Prior to June 15, 2018, holders may convert all or a portion of their 2018 Convertible Notes only under any of the following circumstances: (1) during any fiscal quarter (and only during such fiscal quarter), if, for at least 20 trading days (whether or not consecutive) during the 30 consecutive trading day period ending on the last trading day of the immediately preceding fiscal quarter, the last reported sale price of our common stock on such trading day is greater than or equal to 130% of the Notes' conversion price on such trading day; (2) during the five consecutive business day period immediately following any five consecutive trading day period in which, for each trading day of that measurement period, the trading price per $1,000 principal amount of 2018 Convertible Notes for such trading day was less than 98% of the product of (i) the last reported sale price of our common stock on such trading day and (ii) the applicable conversion rate on such trading day; (3) upon the occurrence of certain corporate transactions; and (4) at any time prior to our stockholders’ approval to settle the 2018 Convertible Notes in our common shares and/or cash.
As of March 31, 2018, the 2018 Convertible Notes are eligible to be converted into our common stock as the above elements (1) through (2) were met. Our stockholders’ approval of “flexible settlement” occurred at our Annual Meeting of Stockholders on June 29, 2015. As a result, we may (at our election) settle any future conversions of the 2018 Convertible Notes by paying or delivering cash, shares of our common stock, or a combination of cash and shares of common stock. However, if the holders of the 2018 Convertible Notes do not elect to convert into shares of our common stock, our December 2018 obligation to repay the principal amount of $40.6 million in cash, plus any accrued and unpaid interest, will remain unchanged.
Carrying Value and Fair Value
The carrying value of the 2018 Convertible Notes as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, is summarized as follows: 

27


Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(all tabular amounts presented in thousands, except share, per share, per unit, and number of years)
(Unaudited)


 
March 31, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Principal amount
$
40,565

 
$
40,565

(Less): Unamortized debt discount (amortized through December 2018)
(1,568
)
 
(2,101
)
(Less): Debt issuance costs
(178
)
 
(240
)
Carrying value
$
38,819

 
$
38,224


As of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the estimated aggregate fair value of the 2018 Notes is $63.8 million and $74.3 million, respectively. These estimated fair values represent a Level 2 measurement (see Note 2(xiii)), based upon the 2018 Convertible Notes quoted bid price at each date in a thinly-traded market.
Components of Interest Expense on 2018 Convertible Notes
The following table sets forth the components of interest expense recognized in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the 2018 Convertible Notes for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017:
 

Three Months Ended
March 31,

2018
 
2017
Contractual coupon interest expense
$
279

 
$
757

Amortization of debt issuance costs
61

 
166

Accretion of debt discount
533

 
1,381

Total
$
873

 
$
2,304

Effective interest rate
8.41
%
 
8.65
%
 

14. FOLOTYN LICENSE AGREEMENT AND DEVELOPMENT LIABILITY
As the result of our acquisition of Allos Therapeutics, Inc. on September 5, 2012 (see Note 10(c)), we assumed a strategic collaboration agreement with Mundipharma (as amended and/or restated, the “Mundipharma Collaboration Agreement”), as well as certain FOLOTYN clinical development obligations (the “FOLOTYN Development Liability”).

Mundipharma Collaboration Agreement Summary

Under the Mundipharma Collaboration Agreement, we retained full commercialization rights for FOLOTYN in the United States and Canada, with Mundipharma having exclusive rights to commercialize FOLOTYN in all other countries in the world (the “Mundipharma Territories”). On May 29, 2013, the Mundipharma Collaboration Agreement was amended and restated, in order to modify: (i) the scope of the licensed territory, (ii) milestone payments, (iii) royalty rates, and (iv) drug development obligations. In connection with the amendment and restatement of the Mundipharma Collaboration Agreement, we received a one-time $7 million payment from Mundipharma for certain research and development activities to be performed by us.
As a result of the amendment and restatement of the Mundipharma Collaboration Agreement, (a) Europe and Turkey were excluded from Mundipharma’s commercialization territory, (b) we may receive regulatory milestone payments of up to $16 million, and commercial progress and sales-dependent milestone payments of up to $107 million (see Note 15(b)(vii) for July 2017 achievement), (c) we will receive tiered double-digit royalties based on net sales of FOLOTYN within Mundipharma’s licensed territories, and (d) we and Mundipharma will each bear our own FOLOTYN development costs. Effective as of May 1, 2015, we modified the Mundipharma Collaboration Agreement to revise the conditions for our exercise of the option to gain commercialization rights in Switzerland from Mundipharma, as well as royalties payable to us (in the tiered double-digits) on Mundipharma’s net sales in Switzerland.

FOLOTYN Development Liability

28


Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(all tabular amounts presented in thousands, except share, per share, per unit, and number of years)
(Unaudited)


The fair value of the FOLOTYN Development Liability within the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets was estimated using the discounted income approach model. The unobservable inputs (i.e., “Level 3” inputs - see Note 2(xiii)) in this valuation model that have the most significant effect on these liabilities include (i) estimates of research and development personnel costs needed to perform the research and development services contractually required, (ii) estimates of expected cash outflows to third parties for these clinical services and supplies during the expected period of performance through 2031, and (iii) an appropriate discount rate for these expenditures. These inputs are reviewed by management on a quarterly basis for continued applicability.
We adjust this liability during each quarterly period, with corresponding adjustments for incurred costs recorded as credits to “research and development” expense in our accompanying Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. 

FOLOTYN
Development
Liability,
Current
 
FOLOTYN
Development
Liability,
Long Term
 
FOLOTYN
Development
Liability, Total
Balance as of December 31, 2017
$
275

 
$
12,111

 
$
12,386

Transfer from long-term to current in 2018
103

 
(103
)
 

(Less): Expenses incurred in 2018
(103
)
 

 
(103
)
Balance as of March 31, 2018
$
275

 
$
12,008

 
$
12,283

 
15. FINANCIAL COMMITMENTS & CONTINGENCIES AND LICENSE AGREEMENTS

(a) Facility Leases
We lease our principal executive office in Henderson, Nevada under a non-cancelable operating lease expiring April 30, 2019. We also lease our research and development facility in Irvine, California under a non-cancelable operating lease expiring May 31, 2019, in addition to several other administrative office leases. Each lease agreement contains scheduled rent increases which are accounted for on a straight-line basis.
(b) In/Out Licensing Agreements and Co-Development Arrangements
The in-license agreements for our commercialized and development-stage drug products provide us with territory-specific rights to their manufacture and distribution (including further sub-licensing/out-licensing, rights). We are generally responsible for all related clinical development costs, patent filings and maintenance costs, marketing costs, and liability insurance costs. We are also obligated to make specified milestone payments to our licensors upon the achievement of certain regulatory and sales milestones, and to pay royalties based on our net sales of all in-licensed products. We also enter into out-license agreements for territory-specific rights to our drug products which include one or more of: upfront license fees, royalties from our licensees’ sales, and/or milestone payments from our licensees’ sales or regulatory achievements. For certain development-stage drug products, we may enter into cost-sharing arrangements with our licensees and licensors.
Our most significant of these agreements, and the key financial terms and our accounting for each, are summarized below:
(i) ZEVALIN U.S.: In-Licensing and Development in the United States
In December 2008, we acquired rights to commercialize and develop ZEVALIN in the United States as the result of a transaction with Cell Therapeutics, Inc. through our wholly-owned subsidiary, RIT Oncology LLC. In accordance with the terms of assumed contracts, we are required to meet specified payment obligations, including a milestone payment to Corixa Corporation of $5 million based on ZEVALIN sales in the United States. This milestone has not yet been met, and $0.1 million for this potential milestone achievement is included within “acquisition-related contingent obligations” in our accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. Our U.S. net sales-based royalties are in the low to mid-single digits to Genentech, Inc. and mid-teens to Biogen.
(ii) ZEVALIN Ex-U.S.: In-License and Asset Purchase Agreement with Bayer Pharma

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Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(all tabular amounts presented in thousands, except share, per share, per unit, and number of years)
(Unaudited)


In April 2012, through our wholly-owned subsidiary, Spectrum Pharmaceuticals Cayman, L.P., we completed a €19 million acquisition of licensing rights to market ZEVALIN outside of the United States from Bayer. ZEVALIN is currently approved in approximately 40 countries outside the United States for the treatment of B-cell NHL, including countries in Europe, Latin America, and Asia.
We amended the agreement in February 2016, which adjusted our tiered royalty to Bayer from the single-digits to 20%. The term of the agreement, as amended, continues until the expiration of the last-to-expire ZEVALIN patent in the relevant country, or 15 years from the date of first commercial sale of ZEVALIN in such country, whichever is longer.
(iii) ZEVALIN Ex-U.S.: Out-License Agreement with Dr. Reddy’s
In June 2014, we executed an exclusive License Agreement with Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories Ltd. (“Dr. Reddy’s”) for ZEVALIN distribution rights within India. The agreement term is 15 years from the receipt of pending approval of ZEVALIN from the Drug Controller General of India. In December 2014, upon our execution of a drug supply agreement, an upfront and non-refundable payment of $0.5 million was triggered and paid to us in February 2015. The recognition of the applicable portion of this upfront receipt is no longer reported on a straight-line basis within “license fees and service revenue” on our accompanying Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations, due to the adoption of Topic 606 as of January 1, 2018 (see Note 2(i)). Additionally, sales and regulatory milestones, each aggregating $1.5 million (for a total of $3 million if both achieved) are due to us upon Dr. Reddy’s achievement, as well as a 20% royalty on its net sales of ZEVALIN in India.
(iv) ZEVALIN Ex-U.S.: Out-License Agreement with Mundipharma
In November 2015, we entered into an out-license agreement with Mundipharma for its commercialization of ZEVALIN in Asia (excluding India and Greater China), Australia, New Zealand, Africa, the Middle East, and Latin America (including the Caribbean islands). In return, we received $18 million (comprised of $15 million received in December 2015 and $3 million received in January 2016). Of these proceeds, $15 million was recognized within “license fees and service revenue” in the fourth quarter of 2015, and the remaining $3 million payment was recognized in full by June 30, 2017. Mundipharma is required to reimburse us for our payment of royalties due to Bayer from its ZEVALIN sales - see Note 15(b)(ii).
In March 2018, Mundipharma achieved a specified sales milestone, resulting in a $2 million receipt due to us (subsequently received in April 2018); this amount was recognized within “license fees and service revenue” on our accompanying Condensed Statements of Operations for the three months ended March 31, 2018 (see Note 5).
(v) FUSILEV: In-License Agreement with Merck & Cie AG
In May 2006, we amended and restated a license agreement with Merck & Cie AG (“Merck”), which we assumed in connection with our March 2006 acquisition of the assets of Targent, Inc. This provided us with an exclusive license to use regulatory filings related to FUSILEV, and a non-exclusive license under certain patents and know-how to develop, manufacture, and sell FUSILEV in the field of oncology in North America.
The contractual royalty percentage on our FUSILEV net sales due to Merck is set at the mid-single digits; however, in September 2017, we paid Merck $2.6 million in full settlement of all royalty obligations under the agreement. We are no longer contractually obligated to pay Merck any royalties on our future net sales of FUSILEV, though we remain obligated to remit a $0.2 million payment upon FDA approval of our oral form of FUSILEV. This regulatory milestone has not been met, and no amounts have been accrued in our accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets for its potential achievement.
(vi) FOLOTYN: In-License Agreement with Sloan-Kettering Institute, SRI International and Southern Research Institute
In December 2002, Allos entered into an in-license agreement for the drug now marketed as FOLOTYN with Sloan-Kettering Institute for Cancer Research, SRI International, and Southern Research Institute. We assumed this agreement when we acquired Allos in September 2012. The agreement provides for our exclusive worldwide rights to a portfolio of patents and patent applications related to FOLOTYN, though we are required to fund certain drug development programs. In addition, we pay graduated royalties to our licensors based on our worldwide annual net sales of FOLOTYN (including our sub- licensees). These royalties are 8% of annual worldwide net sales up to $150 million; 9% of annual worldwide net sales of $150 million through $300 million; and 11% of annual worldwide net sales in excess of $300 million.
(vii) FOLOTYN: Out-License Agreement with Mundipharma

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Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(all tabular amounts presented in thousands, except share, per share, per unit, and number of years)
(Unaudited)


As a result of our acquisition of Allos (see Note 10(c)), we assumed “the Mundipharma Collaboration Agreement” as well as certain FOLOTYN clinical development obligations. Under the Mundipharma Collaboration Agreement (see Note 15), we retained full commercialization rights for FOLOTYN in the United States and Canada, with Mundipharma having exclusive rights to commercialize FOLOTYN in all other countries in the world, except in Europe and Turkey. We are contractually entitled to receive regulatory and sales milestone payments from Mundipharma upon its achievement of such milestones, which aggregate $16 million and $107 million, respectively, as well as tiered double-digit royalties on Mundipharma’s net sales.
In July 2017, FOLOTYN was approved in Japan for the treatment of adult patients with relapsed or refractory peripheral T-cell lymphoma. Consequently, we received $3 million from Mundipharma in August 2017 for this milestone achievement. This amount was recognized within “license fees and service revenue” on our Consolidated Statements of Operations for the year ended December 31, 2017.
In August 2017, FOLOTYN was commercially launched in Japan. This triggered a contractual milestone of $2.0 million from Mundipharma. This amount was recorded within “license fees and service revenue” on our Consolidated Statements of Operations for the year ended December 31, 2017.
(viii) EVOMELA: In-License Agreement with CyDex Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
In March 2013, we completed the acquisition of exclusive global development rights to EVOMELA from CyDex, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Ligand (see Note 9(b)), and assumed responsibility for its then-ongoing clinical and regulatory development program. We filed a New Drug Application (“NDA”) with the FDA in December 2015 for its use as a conditioning treatment prior to autologous stem cell transplant for patients with MM, and in March 2016, the FDA communicated its approval. Consequently, we made a $6 million contractual milestone payment to Ligand in April 2016. We reclassified $7.7 million from “EVOMELA IPR&D rights” to “EVOMELA distribution rights” which is presented within “intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization and impairment charges” (see Note 3(f)) within our accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2018.
    
We are required to pay Ligand additional amounts of up to $60 million (exclusive of the $6 million milestone paid in April 2016), upon our achievement of specified net sales thresholds. We are also responsible to pay Ligand royalties of 20% on our net sales of EVOMELA in all territories.
(ix) MARQIBO: Acquisition of Talon Therapeutics, Inc. and Related Contingent Consideration Agreement
In July 2013, we completed the acquisition of Talon, through which we obtained exclusive global development and commercialization rights to MARQIBO (see Note 9(a)). As part of this acquisition, the former Talon stockholders have contingent financial rights that we have valued and presented on our accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as a $6.5 million and $6.2 million liability within “acquisition-related contingent obligations” as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. The maximum payout value of the contingent financial rights to the former Talon shareholders is $195 million, assuming we achieve all sales and regulatory approval milestones. In addition, we are contractually obligated to pay royalties in the single digits on our net sales of MARQIBO and a portion of sublicensing revenue may be due upon our receipt of such revenue for MARQIBO.
(x) QAPZOLA: License Agreements with Allergan, Inc. and NDDO Research Foundation
In October 2008, we entered into an exclusive development and commercialization collaboration agreement with Allergan, Inc. (“Allergan”) for QAPZOLA pursuant to which Allergan paid us an up-front non-refundable fee of $41.5 million at execution (which we had recognized in full within “license fees and service revenue” by December 31, 2013).
Concurrently we also entered into a letter agreement with NDDO Research Foundation (“NDDO”), pursuant to which we agreed to pay NDDO the following in relation to QAPZOLA milestones: (a) upon FDA acceptance of our NDA, the issuance of 25,000 of our common shares (which occurred in March 2016 and the $0.1 million value of these shares was included in “research and development” expense for the year ended December 31, 2016), and (b) upon FDA approval, a one-time payment of $0.3 million (which has not yet been met, and no amounts have been accrued in our accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets for its potential achievement).
In January 2013, we entered into a second amendment to the license, development, supply and distribution agreement with Allergan. This amendment relieved Allergan of its development and commercialization obligations and resulted in our acquisition of its rights in the United States, Europe, and other territories, in exchange for our agreement to pay a tiered single-digit royalty on our sales of certain products containing QAPZOLA.

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Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(all tabular amounts presented in thousands, except share, per share, per unit, and number of years)
(Unaudited)


(xi) QAPZOLA: Collaboration Agreement with Nippon Kayaku Co. LTD.
In November 2009, we entered into a collaboration agreement with Nippon Kayaku Co., LTD. (“Nippon Kayaku”) for the development and commercialization of QAPZOLA in Asia, except North and South Korea (the “Nippon Kayaku Territory”). In addition, Nippon Kayaku received exclusive rights to QAPZOLA for the treatment of NMIBC in the Nippon Kayaku Territory, including Japan and China. Nippon Kayaku will conduct QAPZOLA clinical trials in the Nippon Kayaku Territory pursuant to a development plan. Further, Nippon Kayaku will be responsible for all expenses relating to the development and commercialization of QAPZOLA in the Nippon Kayaku Territory.
Under the terms of this agreement, Nippon Kayaku paid us an upfront fee of $15 million (which we recognized within “license fees and service revenue” in full by December 31, 2013). Under the terms of the agreement, we are entitled to receive $10 million and $126 million from Nippon Kayaku upon the achievement of certain regulatory and commercialization milestones, respectively (some of which are our responsibility to achieve). Nippon Kayaku is also obligated to pay us royalties on its net sales of QAPZOLA in the mid-teen digits.
(xii) BELEODAQ: In-License and Collaboration Agreement with Onxeo
In February 2010, we entered into an in-license and collaboration agreement with TopoTarget A/S (now Onxeo DK) (“Onxeo”), for the development and commercialization of BELEODAQ, as amended in October 2013. We paid Onxeo an upfront fee of $30 million (and agreed to additional payments described below) for rights in North America and India, with an option for China. We are contractually obligated to pay royalties in the mid-teen digits on our net sales of BELEODAQ.
All development and studies of BELEODAQ are conducted under a joint development plan (of which we fund 70% and Onxeo funds 30%). We have final decision-making authority for all developmental activities in North America and India (and China upon exercise of its option). Onxeo has final decision-making authority for all developmental activities in all other jurisdictions. In February 2014, upon FDA acceptance of our NDA, we were contractually obligated to issue Onxeo one million shares of our common stock and to make a $10 million milestone payment. The aggregate value of this milestone at achievement was $17.8 million, and was recognized within “research and development” expense in the first quarter of 2014.
In July 2014, we received approval from the FDA for BELEODAQ’s use for injection and treatment of relapsed or refractory peripheral T-cell lymphoma. As a result, we made a second milestone payment to Onxeo of $25 million in November 2014. This amount was capitalized as “BELEODAQ distribution rights” and is presented within “intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization and impairment charges” (see Note 3(f)). We are also contractually obligated to pay Onxeo upon our achievements of other regulatory events and sales thresholds, up to $88 million and $190 million, respectively. These milestone amounts are not included within “total liabilities” in our accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets.
(xiii) ROLONTIS: Co-Development and Commercialization Agreement with Hanmi Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd
In October 2014, we exercised our option under a License Option and Research Collaboration Agreement dated January 2012 (as amended) with Hanmi Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd., or Hanmi, for ROLONTIS (formerly referred to as “LAPS-G-CSF” or “SPI-2012”), a drug based on Hanmi’s proprietary LAPSCOVERY™ technology for the treatment of chemotherapy induced neutropenia. Under the terms of this agreement, as amended, we have primary financial responsibility for the ROLONTIS development plan and hold its worldwide rights (except for Korea, China, and Japan). We are contractually obligated to pay Hanmi royalties in the mid-teen digits on our net sales of ROLONTIS.
In January 2016, the first patient was dosed with ROLONTIS in a clinical trial. This triggered our contractual milestone payment to Hanmi, and in April 2016, we (i) issued 318,750 shares of our common stock, then valued at $2.3 million, and (ii) remitted a $0.4 million payment to the Internal Revenue Service (the IRS) on its behalf for related tax obligations. This aggregate $2.7 million value was recognized within “research and development” expense in our Consolidated Statements of Operations for the year ended December 31, 2016. We are responsible for further contractual payments upon our achievement of regulatory and sales milestones, up to $13 million and $225 million, respectively. These amounts are not included within “total liabilities” in our accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
(xiv) Poziotinib: In-License Agreement with Hanmi
In February 2015, we executed an in-license agreement with Hanmi for poziotinib, a pan-HER inhibitor in Phase 2 clinical trials, (which has also shown single agent activity in the treatment of various cancer types during Phase I studies, including breast, gastric, colorectal, and lung cancers), and made an upfront payment for these rights. This payment was recognized within “research and development” expense in the Consolidated Statements of Operations for the year ended

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Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(all tabular amounts presented in thousands, except share, per share, per unit, and number of years)
(Unaudited)


December 31, 2015. We are also contractually obligated to pay Hanmi royalties in the low to mid-teen digits on our net sales of poziotinib.
Under the terms of this agreement, we received the exclusive rights to commercialize poziotinib, excluding Korea and China. Hanmi and its development partners are fully responsible for the completion of on-going Phase 2 trials in Korea. We are financially responsible for all other clinical studies. We are contractually obligated to make payments to Hanmi upon our achievement of certain regulatory and sales milestones, aggregating $33 million and $325 million, respectively, which are not included within “total liabilities” in our accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. We will pay Hanmi royalties in the low to mid-teen digits on our net sales of poziotinib. These amounts are not included within “total liabilities” in our accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
(xv) ZEVALIN, FOLOTYN, BELEODAQ, and MARQIBO: Out-License Agreement with Servier in Canada, Inc. in Canada
In January 2016, we entered into a strategic partnership with Servier Canada, Inc. (“Servier”) for the out-licenses of ZEVALIN, FOLOTYN, BELEODAQ, and MARQIBO. We received an aggregate $6 million of upfront proceeds in the first quarter of 2016, which was recognized within “license fees and service revenue” in our Consolidated Statements of Operations for the year ended December 31, 2016. We are also entitled to milestone receipts (aggregating $2.0 million) upon Servier’s achievement of specific regulatory approvals, and a high single-digit royalty on its sales of these products.
(c) Service Agreements
In connection with the research and development of our drug products, we have entered into contracts with numerous third party service providers, such as radio-pharmacies, distributors, clinical trial centers, clinical research organizations, data monitoring centers, and with drug formulation, development and testing laboratories. The financial terms of these agreements are varied and generally obligate us to pay in stages, depending on achievement of certain events specified in the agreements, such as contract execution, reservation of service or production capacity, actual performance of service, or the successful accrual and dosing of patients.
At each period end, we accrue for all services received, with such accruals based on factors such as estimates of work performed, patient enrollment, completion of patient studies and other events. Should we decide to discontinue and/or slow-down the work on any project, the associated costs for those projects would be limited to the extent of the work completed. Generally, we are able to terminate these contracts due to the discontinuance of the related project(s) and thus avoid paying for the services that have not yet been rendered.
(d) Supply Agreements
We have entered into certain supply agreements, or have issued purchase orders, which require us to make minimum purchases from vendors for the manufacture of our products. These commitments do not exceed our planned commercial requirements, and the contracted prices do not exceed their fair market value.
(e) Employment Agreements
We previously entered into an employment agreement with our former Chief Executive Officer, Rajesh C. Shrotriya, M.D., under which cash compensation and benefits would become payable in the event of termination by us for any reason other than cause, his resignation for good reason, or upon a change in control of our Company. Effective December 17, 2017, Dr. Shrotriya’s employment was terminated without cause in accordance with his employment agreement. We accrued for all contractual cash amounts due and unpaid to him within “accrued payroll and benefits” on the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2017.
We entered into new employment agreements with each of our named executive officers (CEO, COO, and CFO) in April 2018, which supersede such individuals’ prior Change in Control Severance Agreements. These new agreements provide for the payment of certain benefits to each such individual upon his separation of employment from us under specified circumstances. The benefits provided are designed to protect earned benefits in the case that they are terminated without cause or as a result of a change in control of our Company or in the case of death or disability, and to encourage them to act in the best interests of our stockholders at all times during the course of a change in control transaction or other significant events involving us.
 
(f) Deferred Compensation Plan

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Table of Contents
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(all tabular amounts presented in thousands, except share, per share, per unit, and number of years)
(Unaudited)


The Spectrum Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Deferred Compensation Plan (the “DC Plan”) is administered by the Compensation Committee of our Board of Directors and is intended to comply with the requirements of Section 409A of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended.
The DC Plan is maintained to provide deferred compensation benefits for a select group of our employees (the “DC Participants”). Under the DC Plan, we provide the DC Participants with the opportunity to make annual elections to defer up to a specified amount or percentage of their eligible cash compensation, and we have the option to make discretionary contributions. At March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the aggregate DC Plan deferrals by employees and our discretionary contributions totaled $10.2 million and $11.0 million, respectively, and are included within “accounts payable and other accrued liabilities” and “other long-term liabilities” in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
(g) Litigation
We are involved from time-to-time with various legal matters arising in the ordinary course of business. These claims and legal proceedings are of a nature we believe are normal and incidental to a pharmaceutical business, and may include product liability, intellectual property, employment matters, and other general claims.
We make provisions for liabilities when it is both probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated. Such provisions are assessed at least quarterly and adjusted to reflect the impact of any settlement negotiations, judicial and administrative rulings, advice of legal counsel, and other information and events pertaining to a particular case. Litigation is inherently unpredictable. Although the ultimate resolution of these various matters cannot be determined at this time, we do not believe that such matters, individually or in the aggregate, will have a material adverse effect on our consolidated results of operations, cash flows, or financial condition.
Stockholder Litigation
Olutayo Ayeni v. Spectrum Pharmaceuticals, Inc., et al. (Filed September 21, 2016 in the United States District Court, Central District of California; Case No. 2:16-cv-07074) (the “Ayeni Action”) and Glen Hartsock v. Spectrum Pharmaceuticals, Inc., et al. (Filed September 28, 2016 in the United States District Court, District Court of Nevada Case; No. 2:16-cv-02279-RFB-GWF) (the “Hartsock Action”). On November 15, 2016, the Ayeni Action was transferred to the United States District Court for the District of Nevada. The parties have stipulated to a consolidation of the Ayeni Action with the Hartsock Action. These class action lawsuits allege that we and certain of our executive officers made false or misleading statements and failed to disclose material facts about our business and the prospects of approval for our NDA to the FDA for QAPZOLA in violation of Section 10(b) (and Rule 10b-5 promulgated thereunder) and 20(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. The plaintiffs seek damages, interest, costs, attorneys’ fees, and other unspecified equitable relief. We believe that these claims are without merit, and intend to vigorously defend against these claims. Furthermore, as of March 31, 2018, the value of a potential settlement cannot be reasonably estimated given its highly uncertain nature.

16. INCOME TAXES
We apply an estimated annual effective tax rate (“ETR”) approach for calculating a tax provision for interim periods, as required under GAAP. We recorded a provision for income taxes of $3 thousand for the three months ended March 31, 2018, and a benefit for income taxes of $0.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2017. Our ETR differs from the U.S. federal statutory tax rate of 21% primarily as a result of nondeductible expenses, state income taxes, foreign income taxes, and the impact of a valuation allowance on our deferred tax assets.
Our provision for income taxes is computed using the asset and liability method, under which deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the expected future tax consequences of temporary differences between the financial reporting and tax bases of assets and liabilities, and for the expected future tax benefit to be derived from tax loss and credit carryforwards.
Deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined using the enacted tax rates in effect for the years in which those tax assets are expected to be realized. A valuation allowance is established when it is more likely than not the future realization of all or some of the deferred tax assets will not be achieved. The evaluation of the need for a valuation allowance is performed on a jurisdiction by jurisdiction basis, and includes a review of all available positive and negative evidence.

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We recognize the impact of a tax position in our financial statements only if that position is more likely than not to be sustained upon examination by taxing authorities, based on the technical merits of the position. Any interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions will be reflected in income tax expense.
The intraperiod tax allocation rules require that we allocate the provision for income taxes between continuing operations and other categories of earnings. In prior periods where we have a year-to-date pretax loss from continuing operations and year-to-date pre-tax income in other categories of earnings, such as other comprehensive income, ASC 740-20-45-7 requires that we allocate the income tax provision to other categories of earnings, and then record a related tax benefit in continuing operations. For the three months ended March 31, 2017, we recognized net income from investments and currency transactions within other comprehensive income while sustaining operating losses from continuing operations. As a result of the required allocation under ASC 740-20-45-7, we recorded tax expense of $1.0 million in “other comprehensive income” on the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss for the three months ended March 31, 2017, and a tax benefit of $0.2 million within “(provision) benefit for income taxes” on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three months ended March 31, 2017. Beginning January 1, 2018, under the new requirements of ASU 2016-01, Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Liabilities, we do not anticipate intraperiod tax allocations in connection with other comprehensive (loss) income going forward.

On December 22, 2017, the U.S. government enacted comprehensive tax legislation commonly referred to as the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “Tax Act”). Changes include, but are not limited to, a corporate tax rate decrease from 35% to 21% effective for tax years beginning in 2018, the transition of U.S. international taxation from a worldwide tax system to a territorial system, which includes a new federal tax on global intangible low-taxed income (Global Minimum Tax or GMT), and a one-time transition tax on the mandatory deemed repatriation of cumulative foreign earnings as of December 31, 2017. We calculated a provisional estimate of the impact of the Tax Act.

In addition, the SEC Staff issued SAB 118, which provides guidance on accounting for the tax effects of the Tax Act. SAB 118 provides a measurement period that should not extend beyond one year from the Tax Act enactment date for companies to complete the accounting under ASC 740. In accordance with SAB 118, a company must reflect the income tax effects of those aspects of the Tax Act for which the accounting under ASC 740 is complete. To the extent that a company’s accounting for certain income tax effects of the Tax Act is incomplete but it is able to determine a reasonable estimate, it must record a provisional estimate in the financial statements. If a company cannot determine a provisional estimate to be included in the financial statements, it should continue to apply ASC 740 on the basis of the provisions of the tax laws that were in effect immediately before the enactment of the Tax Act.

At December 31, 2017, we were able to make reasonable estimates of certain effects and, therefore, recorded provisional adjustments. The provisional amounts described below are subject to revisions as we complete our analysis of the Tax Act, collect data, and interpret any additional guidance issued by the United States Treasury Department, Internal Revenue Service, or IRS, FASB, and other standard-setting and regulatory bodies. Adjustments to the provisional amounts may materially impact our consolidated income tax provision (benefit) and effective tax rates in the period(s) in which such adjustments are made. Our accounting for the tax effects of the Tax Act will be completed during the one-year measurement period.

Reduction of U.S. federal corporate tax rate: For certain of our deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities, we have recorded a provisional decrease in net deferred tax assets of $38.9 million, with a corresponding decrease in the valuation allowance of $41.4 million and a benefit to income tax expense of $2.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2017. This provisional estimate may be affected by other analyses related to the Tax Act, including, but not limited to, the state tax effect of adjustments made to federal temporary differences.

Deemed repatriation transition tax: Based upon our preliminary analysis, we have concluded that a net accumulated E&P deficit exists as of December 31, 2017 for our foreign subsidiaries. As a result, we did not accrue any provisional transition tax liabilities. We will continue to gather additional and perform additional analyses to more precisely determine past foreign earnings and related taxes and will update our provisional estimate with respect to the transition tax liability when such work is completed within the one-year measurement period.

Valuation allowance: The Tax Act limits the amount taxpayers are able to deduct for net operating loss carryforwards generated in taxable years beginning after December 31, 2017 to 80% of the taxpayer’s taxable income. However, net operating loss carryforwards generated in taxable years ending after December 31, 2017 can be carried forward indefinitely. A taxable temporary difference associated with an indefinite-lived asset is generally considered to be a source of taxable income to



support realization of a net operating loss with an unlimited carryforward period. Due to the restriction on the ability to use the net operating loss with unlimited carryforward periods arising in taxable years beginning after December 31, 2017, only 80% of the indefinite-lived taxable temporary difference would serve as a source of taxable income. As a result, the valuation allowance decreased by $2.9 million related to the 80% utilization of the indefinite-lived taxable temporary as a source of taxable income.

Under GAAP, we are allowed to make an accounting policy choice with respect to the GMT of either (1) treating taxes due on future U.S. inclusions in taxable income related to GMT as a current-period expense when incurred or (2) as a component of deferred income taxes. We will make our accounting policy election for this item when our analysis is complete, during the measurement period.

17. STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Sale of Common Stock Under ATM Agreements
In December 2015, we entered into a collective at-market-issuance sales agreement with FBR Capital Markets & Co., MLV & Co. LLC, and H.C. Wainwright & Co., LLC. (the “December 2015 ATM Agreement”). The December 2015 ATM Agreement allowed us to raise gross proceeds of up to $100 million from the sale of our common stock through these brokers under our shelf registration statement on Form S-3 (declared effective by the SEC on February 3, 2016; File No. 333-208760) (the “Registration Statement”). As of July 31, 2017, we had fully utilized this ATM facility.
In August 2017, we entered into a collective at-market-issuance sales agreement with H.C. Wainwright & Co., LLC., FBR Capital Markets & Co., and MLV & Co. LLC (the "August 2017 ATM Agreement"). The August 2017 ATM Agreement allows us to raise gross proceeds of up to $150 million from the sale of our common stock through these brokers under the Registration Statement. As of March 31, 2018, approximately $43.9 million remained available for sale under this ATM facility.

We sold and issued shares of our common stock under both the December 2015 ATM Agreement and August 2017 ATM Agreement, summarized as follows:
Description of Financing Transaction
 
No. of Common Shares Issued
 
 Proceeds Received (Net of Broker Commissions and Fees )
Common shares issued pursuant to the December 2015 ATM Agreement during the year ended December 31, 2016

10,890,915

 
$
73,869

Common shares issued pursuant to the December 2015 ATM Agreement between July 1, 2017 and July 31, 2017

3,243,882

 
$
23,745

Common shares issued pursuant to the August 2017 ATM Agreement between August 1, 2017 and December 31, 2017

10,314,250

 
$
104,527

There were no sales of our common stock under the August 2017 ATM Agreement during the three months ended March 31, 2018.



18. IMMATERIAL RESTATEMENT OF PRIOR PERIOD FINANCIAL STATEMENTS FOR STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION
Subsequent to the issuance of our unaudited interim financial statements for the quarter and year-to-date periods ended September 30, 2017, our management identified certain immaterial errors within previously reported operating expense captions of “selling, general, and administrative” and “research and development” that solely relate to our stock-based compensation recognition (see Note 6). These errors were primarily the result of an improper system setting during our implementation of a then-new stock-based compensation software in 2012. Consequently, incremental expense for the reversal of previously applied forfeiture estimates was not timely recognized upon the full vesting of each award, as required; this error persisted through September 30, 2017. We considered these errors from a qualitative and quantitative perspective, and concluded they were not material to each prior period. We have restated our accompanying Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements to correct for these immaterial errors for the prior-year interim period presented.
    
Restated Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three months ended March 31, 2017:


Three Months Ended March 31, 2017


As Previously Reported
 
As Restated
Operating costs and expenses:
 

 

Selling, general and administrative
 
$
18,607

 
$
19,104

Research and development
 
14,696

 
14,779

Total operating costs and expenses
 
50,430

 
51,010

Loss from operations
 
(21,329
)
 
(21,909
)
Loss before income taxes
 
(23,168
)
 
(23,748
)
Net loss
 
$
(22,967
)
 
$
(23,547
)
Net loss per share:
 

 

Basic
 
$
(0.29
)
 
$
(0.30
)
Diluted
 
$
(0.29
)
 
$
(0.30
)
Restated Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss for the three months ended March 31, 2017:


Three Months Ended March 31, 2017


As Previously Reported

As Restated
Net loss
 
$
(22,967
)
 
$
(23,547
)
Total comprehensive loss
 
$
(21,008
)
 
$
(21,588
)
Other than for the correction to net loss and stock-based compensation, the restatement adjustments had no impact on cash flows from operating, investing, or financing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2017. Furthermore, such restatement adjustments had no impact to prior period total assets, total liabilities or total stockholders’ equity.

19. IMPLEMENTATION OF NEW REVENUE RECOGNITION STANDARD ON JANUARY 1, 2018
As discussed in Note 2(i), Topic 606 became effective for us on January 1, 2018. We applied the “modified retrospective” transition method for open contracts for its implementation; this resulted in the recognition of an aggregate $4.7 million increase to our January 1, 2018 retained earnings for the tax-effected cumulative effect of initially applying this new standard, with no adjustments to our prior period face financial statements. Our prior periods continue to be presented in accordance with our historical accounting practices under Topic 605.

Had we continued to apply Topic 605 for our revenue recognition for the three months ended March 31, 2018, the “proforma” impact to our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations is presented in the table below:




 
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2018

 
As Reported Under Topic 606
 
Adjustments
 
If Reported Under Topic 605
Revenue:
 

 

 

Product sales, net
 
$
28,111

 
$
397

 
$
28,508

License fees and service revenue
 
2,384

 
120

 
2,504

Total revenues
 
$
30,495

 
$
517

 
$
31,012

Loss from operations
 
(25,264
)
 
517

 
(24,747
)
Loss before income taxes
 
(15,813
)
 
517

 
(15,296
)
Net loss
 
$
(15,816
)
 
$
517

 
$
(15,299
)
Net loss per share:
 
 
 

 

Basic and Diluted
 
$
(0.16
)
 
$
0.01

 
$
(0.15
)

Had we continued to apply Topic 605 for our revenue recognition for the three months ended March 31, 2018, the “proforma” impact to our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2018 is presented in the table below.
 
 
March 31, 2018

 
As Reported Under Topic 606
 
Adjustments
 
If Reported Under Topic 605
Current assets:
 
 
 

 

Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts
 
33,375

 
107

 
33,482

Total current assets
 
$